Panama sturisoma: proper care
Panama sturisoma in nature lives in South America in the fast-flowing rivers. She belong to the genus sturisoma, in which about twenty amazing individuals. Some species of these fishes has for several years been successfully bred in aquariums. This belongs to the water-dweller to the family loricariidae.
They have a beautiful shape and active behavior. Transportation by storecom is rare, so people prilovchilis them to breed on their own. Panama sturisoma quickly enough gets used to life in the aquarium, even if it was moved from natural habitat to artificial.
It's a fish-cleaner, fine usablenet the contents of the walls and other objects of the aquarium. First of all responds to feeding. In large aquariums can reach twenty centimeters excluding the tail fin.
Appearance and differences between individuals
Body elongate, low, bottom is flattened with a long tail stem. The head is elongated, the snout of a small growth. The ends of the blades of the fork of the caudal fin filamentous elongated. Fins and body are of a reddish-yellow color. From the eye to the caudal fin is dark brown stripe. The abdomen is silvery-white with yellow-brown spots. Females of this species are paler in color, before spawning, the abdomen becomes greatly elongated. Head female more narrow, wedge-shaped form. Adult Mature male on the cheeks are formed by dense setae, in female no.
Som sturisoma Panama — peaceful inhabitant of the aquarium. In the afternoon they lay on driftwood, stones, soil become active in the twilight time. One male should be several females. They can contain General aquarium with small fish. The aquarium should be at least 160 litres. The temperature is ideally held within 24 to 28 degrees, the rigidity of 4-10. The acidity should not exceed the 7.2. It is important to regularly change 25% of water in the aquarium to feel good sturisoma Panama. The content is not difficult, but the fish need a strong current, which creates special devices. Negative carry a large number of ciliates.
What should be in the aquarium
All for the aquarium can be purchased in specialized stores. Fish the necessary plants, stone slabs, driftwood. Also it must be a mechanical / biological filter for creating a strong current.
Mainly in the diet of these fish must enter the plant food. Live feed and artificial in the form of tablets and cereals. Panama sturisoma demanding purity, therefore, fish feeding should be in moderation. Since the food is decomposing, contaminating the aquarium. Catfish is difficult to tolerate. When the content sometimes there is a problem of starvati. When they are in the aquarium with the other inhabitants, especially antitrust, the amount of feed should be increased.
Sexual maturity in fish comes about a half to two years. At this age, males are a bit territorial and can attack females, but it does not bring harm to them. If the aquarium conditions are uncomfortable for the fish, then the males up to three years may occur resorption of odontodes. Due to inappropriate content they may not grow, and their owners think that they only have females. To accurately determine the sex, should be considered genital papule ripe fish.
Individuals who are ready to spawn, start to clear the area, where the laying. This makes the male and keeps the female, while the place, in his opinion, will not be clean enough. As a rule, they choose the stone slabs, but also frequently spawn on the aquarium glass, driftwood. Designated for masonry catfish choose with a flowing, oxygen-rich water. Selected more often vertical but sometimes are made of masonry on horizontal surfaces.
Oviposition occurs portions, lasts from thirty minutes to several hours. It happens on different days, and you can see the eggs at different stages of development. In one spawning approximately 200 eggs, which the male fertilizes. After that, the female leaves and the male follows the offspring. It sends fresh water to spawn. The incubation time up to seven days. After prokleivanija larvae male ceases to care. So appears sturisoma Panama. Breeding is simple, but requires attention. If you wish, using the tube can be deposited larvae in a separate container. After two or three days, begin to feed: scalded nettle leaves, dandelion, cabbage, plankton, shellfish.
If the male spawns with one female, you should not fear for his health. He can take care of the eggs for weeks, but it allows itself to slip out and down for food, however, not lost sight of the females. At the slightest hint of encroachment on their offspring back to the masonry.
To home to the breeding and maintenance of this species of fish, you need to prepare everything for the aquarium. Specialty stores will help you. And then you have to be careful to Panama sturisoma feel comfortable. In recent years, these catfish has acquired relevance, and they often become interested in the aquarium. They attracted people's attention by his peculiar character and unusual shape. Fish do not leave indifferent even those who don't like catfish.
This species is not very demanding in care, but still some nuances in the content, it is important to stick to the fish well grown and fully developed.