Description of the breed schipperke: the nature of the animal, photo
Today we are interested in the description of the Schipperke breed. We will also talk about the nature of its representatives. The subject of maintenance and care will be slightly touched upon.
A dog is a friend and assistant
The dog is the first animal in history that a person could tame. According to scientists, this happened about fourteen thousand years ago. Since then, dogs live near us. Once they were used for hunting. They were also excellent watchmen and shepherds. The well-known fact that even during the conquest of space, the role of the dog was far from the last.
More and more people prefer to have such an intelligent, faithful and faithful friend with them as a dog. And this is good. By the way, psychologists have long insisted that such pets have a beneficial effect on the owner's well-being and the overall situation in the house. It remains only to choose the breed that would be to your liking. We suggest you get acquainted with one of them. Now we will present a description of the breed schipperke.
Origin of the breed
Homeland schipperke is Belgium. The breed is almost two hundred years old. However, its origin is still not known. Some believe that the breed schipperke is the result of crossing the spitz with the terrier.
Others argue that this is a species of Spitz. Representatives of this breed took part in the first dog show, held in 1880 in Brussels.
Schipperke is a miniature dog. In the sources of the 19th century it was said that such dogs protected pastures, houses, farms, and also hunted rats and mice.
Outwardly, the spine is reminiscent of the Spitz - the same rectangular body format, taut underline, strong back. This dog has small, sharp-angled ears sticking out, eyes of almond-shaped, as a rule, dark-brown, with muzzle it is similar to a sheep-dog. Continuing to make an external description of the breed schipperke, you can not tell about the tail. He is a ringlet bent on his back.
But still preference is given to the hanging. By the way, once the tails were stopped. But now the standards have changed.
Schipperke are exclusively black. The coat is stiff and thick. In the neck area forms a collar on the dog. There is also a mane and "trousers" at the schipperke. The breed standard implies that the weight of an adult should be 5-9 kg.
Schipperke: description of the breed, character
Curious, energetic and funny. They are always on the move, seeking to explore unfamiliar places. These lovely lackeys need frequent and long walks to splash their energy. Otherwise they will arrange "races" at home. Schipperke is very fond of traveling by car and looking around curiously. They are very playful and tireless. Only occasionally you can enjoy a sleeping woolen lump on your hands or sofa. In the opinion of the owners of this breed, schipperke in nature resemble sheep-dogs - they easily give in to training, quickly learn good manners. And then the professionals warn: one should not allow a person to be too soft with representatives of this breed. Since they will begin to dominate and manifest aggression as to other pets and people, and to the owner. Incorrectly educated schipperke will constantly fight for the place of the "master" in the house.
In this regard, this breed is not recommended for beginners. The main task of the master in raising a dog is not to encourage his "cute pranks" and be strict enough with him. But do not, of course, be aggressive with the dog. Education should be clear and persistent, but carried out through the game. If a person does not have enough time or knowledge to train, an experienced instructor can become an assistant. Correctly trained schipperke get along with all family members and become attached to people. These dogs are infinitely loyal and devoted to their master. For this, they are especially valued all over the world.
Health. Hereditary diseases
Schipperke is a dog that has excellent health. Throughout life, such dogs are very playful and energetic. Are long-livers. Dog breed schipperke clean, not spoiled by the breeders. But there is one serious but. The problem of this breed is hereditary disease at the cellular level, mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB type. As a result, some dogs are born with this disease, others - no. The disease, unfortunately, begins to manifest itself after two or three years of life, while the puppy looks absolutely healthy. But there is tremor, fear of obstacles, coordination is disrupted. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease. The dog lives to a more serious condition. Then she has convulsions, loss of appetite and impotence. As a result, such an animal is euthanized.
To avoid such a problem, conduct special tests. When choosing a puppy, you must check their availability. The result of the test divides schipperke into three types - normal, courier and affected. Inside the very breed of dogs with this disease is becoming less. But still it is recommended not to believe the breeder on the floor, but to ask the result of the test. Then you will be more confident in the health of your new family member.
Hygiene. How to properly care for a representative of this species?
Now you know the description of the schipperke, but how to care for such animals? Now we will tell you in detail. In general, the care of the spine is no different from caring for other breeds of dogs. Their thick wool needs to be combed several times (three to four) per week, you also need to clean your ears and teeth, cut your claws, and wipe your eyes with antiseptics. In winter, in their "coat" these pets are quite comfortable, but in the summer months you need to reduce to a minimum walks under the scorching sun, so that there is no overheating.
More trouble brings seasonal molts. During this period, the dog must be combed every day on the body of a single-comb, and on the mane and back - a puerper. The breed does not need frequent bathing. Rough structure of the wool almost does not absorb dirt. But before the exhibitions shipperku washed with a special shampoo for black hair, to paint overhead sunburned tips.
Food. How to feed and what?
The breed of dogs schipperke (photo of its representatives you can see in the article) is unpretentious in food. Therefore, the owner does not have to rack his brains and make a special menu for his pet. The animal eats absolutely everything that is given to it. This is a huge plus for those people who live in a furious rhythm. Even one meal a day can be enough for schipperke. Portions should be average. It is impossible to underfeed, but it's bad to overfeed.
If the feed for your dog is a periodic meal, then it should be balanced. Especially it concerns puppies. After all, kids are very active, playful and inquisitive. So, the organism spends a lot of energy in the growth stage. Therefore, they need to receive vitamins and minerals with food.
In the diet of schipperka must necessarily include fish, meat, poultry, cereals, vegetables, greens, dairy products. It is inadmissible to ingest tubular bones, which can injure the intestines.
Games for pet
As the owners of schipperke themselves say, behavior problems in these dogs appear mainly from boredom. This breed needs everyday loads. We can say that in the movement of these dogs the whole meaning of life. If you do not play active games with them, they will feel unrealized. And this will entail aggression towards other pets, to guests and even to the owner himself.
Suitable games for schipperke - apportionment, frisbee, freestyle, offense. This breed loves to hunt small game, follow the trail and swim.
The cost of schipperke. How important is the price?
Continuing to make a description of the breed schipperke, we can not say about the value of its representatives. In Russia this breed is not the most famous and widespread. Despite this, the price of puppies is quite high. Experienced cynologists recommend buying a puppy in a nursery, even if the price there is higher. But you will be completely sure that you have acquired a representative of this breed.
You can study the schipperke's description for a long time and view a lot of photos, but this, alas, will not reduce the likelihood that you will buy an unprofitable puppy from your hands. It is important to remember: the lower the price, the greater the risk of buying a dog with a bad pedigree. Moreover, you can buy yourself a pet with some kind of hereditary disease transmitted to him from his parents.
Buying a puppy from a breeder, you can be sure that his dog will meet all the parameters and standards of his species.
Interesting enough breed of dogs schipperke. Reviews about it usually leave positive. People like these dogs. A unique feature of this dog breed, according to professionals, is its increased sensitivity to mood swings of the host. Without demanding anything in exchange for anything other than care and love, these dogs become for their owners the most faithful friends!
A small conclusion
Now you know what a shiverke is. Description of the breed, photos you can find in our article. People like these dogs. These dogs have a lot of positive qualities. But they also have negative. For example, if it is wrong to raise a pet, it can become aggressive. Therefore, before you start such a dog, weigh all the pros and cons.