Is it dangerous if the detected bradycardia in a child
Bradycardia in a child affects the quality of life for him and his parents, prevents the baby to develop normally and interact with other children. Observation at the cardiologist is necessary. Time has not discovered the disease, if it is in its more serious form, can result in death.
The symptoms and causes of
Bradycardia is characterized by reduced heart rate. Throughout life, the number of beats per minute varies. For infants normal frequency reduction is considered to be 100-140 beats per minute, after one year your heart rhythm changes and is considered to be normal per minute to 120 beats. To 3 years normal heart rate has about 115 beats per minute, and in adolescence, not above 100. There are individual characteristics of cardiac rhythm, depending on the size, weight, and child temperament.
Most often bradycardia in a child arises from pathology of the myocardium, which significantly increases the vagal tone. In most cases, this disease break the flow of impulses the sinus node – this type of disease is called sinus bradycardia.
There is another type of disease – heterotropia, which interferes with conducting system of the myocardium. In children it is quite rare.
Moderate bradycardia in children may be congenital or acquired. Can in a short period to occur in the cold season, when long walks. Heart rate in this form of the disease is slowing down on the exhale.
The disease can appear :
- during the disorders of cerebral circulation in infants and during fetal development in the presence of hypoxia
- due to a congenital defect of the vascular system
- in diseases of the nervous system and severe hypothermia
- as an allergic reaction to intoxication when the use of drugs or substances that affect the activity of the cardiovascular system
- as a consequence of infection.
Bradycardia in a child during adolescence is sometimes found during intensive growth. Teenagers prone to nervousness, mood swings, alteration of the endocrine system has not always kept pace with the increase of the internal organs. Disturbed body metabolism, and effect – slowing of heart rate.
- the inability to focus
- frequent fainting
- shortness of breath during light physical effort
- poor appetite, General sluggishness
- behind the sternum may cause intermittent pain.
Treatment of TMJ
If there is evidence of bradycardia in a child, you initially need to determine its cause and stage of the disease. Drug therapy in each case is selected individually.
Congenital bradycardia, if you do not require surgical intervention, often adjusting substances, normalizing oxygen metabolism.
How special periods of adjustment of the organism in preschoolers set aside time from 3 to 5 years. This period is the first period of active development of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Bradycardia in a child of 3 years may be due to the formation of deep breathing. A similar manifestation of disease is considered to be physiological and drug therapy is not required. Enough for a child to create comfortable conditions and remove tension.
The same advice can be given in the treatment of symptomatic bradycardia in adolescents. Often treatment is not required, the child develops himself. If within 2 years the body is not recovered after hormonal changes, it requires treatment from a cardiologist.