Runny nose in babies: what parents
Acute rhinitis, or rhinitis, is one of the symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection, which is accompanied by high body temperature, decreased appetite and cough. It is especially hard tolerated in infants, which is restless, not eating and often wakes up.
The first sign of rhinitis — appearance in the axils of liquid and transparent substance — serous, then mucous, and after the spread of bacterial infection — Muco-purulent. Runny nose in infants harder to bear because the nasal passages are small and get clogged faster than adults. The child is difficult to nurse with a stuffy nose and sometimes almost impossible. In addition, the baby can't blow his nose himself, so his parents must help him cope with the disease.
So, runny nose in infants. What to do?
1. Cleaning the nasal passages with cotton swabs with limiters (they are specially produced for children). Carefully collect the mucus and secretion. Do not damage the delicate skin, ask another person to hold the baby — he can shake his head and roll over.
2. Hydration of the nasal mucosa. This can be done, then regular mineral water or special tools on the basis of sea water ("saline", "Aqua Maris"). They are comfortable to use and safe for babies. After moistening the crust removed more easily.
3. The use of nasal aspirators. The most simple is a rubber pear or a spray tip for a nose. If a runny nose in infants, select a soft nozzle. Click on the balloon or bag, releasing all the air, bring the tip to the nostril, and the other clamp. During a slow decompression pear or balloon the goo will be absorbed. Aspirator ENT doctors recommend the use only when severe nasal congestion, when not helping to the above-described means. If it is too frequent and unjustified use of this device raises the risk of infections and development of otitis media. Electric aspirator is more secure, but quite expensive.
4. Nasal drops vasoconstrictor can be used only on the advice of a doctor! They contain alpha-agonists (drugs "Nazivin", "Otrivin") or sympathomimetics ("Nazol Baby"). The action of these substances, blood vessels constrict, the lining of the nose flows with the blood, the swelling subsides, the breathing much easier.
Means "a long time", according to the instructions, to children from one month to one year is assigned to 1-2 drops into each nostril 2-3 times a day, infants 1 drop. Do not use any vasoconstrictors for more than 5 days, with prolonged use rhinitis may worsen. Follow the dosage and use special drops (where the concentration of the active substance in the solution below), because in high concentrations they can cause irregularities in the heart. Remember the signs of poisoning vasoconstrictors: rapid pulse, lethargy and drowsiness.
Sometimes called the common cold of infants teeth who are going to appear. The distinguishing feature of this rhinitis and it lasts no more than 4-5 days of watery discharge, clear.
The choice of the means to cure a runny nose in infants, today huge. But when you use them, you should be careful and attentive, act on the advice of a doctor. Time to seek medical help. Be healthy!