National holidays in Russia
Public holidays there are in any country. But also each nation has its own holidays, which came from the depth of centuries, notable for their traditions. National holidays are of great importance both for the state and for each family. In the old days people said: "We are working hard for a year so in the holidays to relax and to have fun."
The most famous and revered national holidays of Russia is, of course, winter, Christmas, spring Carnival, which marks the arrival of warmer days, Easter, summer Trinity, and the day of Ivan Kupala. Many of them are connected with nature, its awakening, blossoming, gathering a rich harvest. In the festival people vividly felt the fullness of life, the inner unity with each other, a special attitude. And, of course, all the national holidays was riddled with a number of customs, traditions, rituals.
Christmas cannot be imagined without songs-Christmas carols, with which the village mummers. Calling at each house, they wanted the owners of wealth and prosperity, and in return received generous hospitality. As for the New year, brightly decorated tree, and was baking "kozuli" — a very tasty cookie in the shape of different animals. They treated their neighbors and friends. Who are some "Kasulu" eat, that the full year will be positive qualities of that animal.
What Russian people have not heard of the carnival with its songs, dances, fairs, dances? On carnival you can try the most delicious pancakes with different fillings, ride with hills on sleds, and on the last day of Maslenitsa burned an effigy of straw was marked by the victory of spring over the boring winter.
Easter, perhaps the most famous religious festival. On this day all the houses baked cakes and cottage cheese Easter, painted eggs in anticipation of the end of Lent. The Holy Trinity houses, courtyards, temples are decorated with flowers, freshly cut grass, twigs of birch. On this day unmarried girls wove wreaths, and then read them trying to learn their fate. And the holiday of Ivan Kupala was marked by fun and mass folk festivals. This day was made bonfires until morning and then jump through them to wash each other with water, throwing wreaths into the fire.
By value the most important holiday was considered to be Easter. Great – all other listed holidays. Was the so-called "poluprazdniki" in every village of their own, which marked the beginning or ending farm work.
And, of course, national holidays are expected relaxation for body and soul, that is, complete freedom from hard work. To mow, to harvest, to spin, to sew, to sweep the house, chop the firewood was impermissible. People wore their best clothes, went to each other's homes, partied, visited the fair, watched the booths and puppet theater. For non-holiday etiquette could be severely punished: for example, to assign a monetary penalty, if not to publicly beat whips on the square.
Here they are, folk holidays in Russia!