Silent African: description and photos
Among dogs there is one very interesting breed called the Basenji, or African taciturn. It was formed naturally, without human intervention, a few thousand years ago. The hallmark of the Basenji is that this dog is barking make a chugging sound similar to a grunt or a muffled laugh.
The African mouth — dog that has muscular body with light boning and high legs. The body is proportional, with a broad straight back and deep chest. The head is set high, which gives the animal a proud look. The tail is tightly curled ring that fits tightly to the rump. Erect ears, slightly tilted forward. Forehead wrinkles are typical, especially well manifested in puppies. Almond eyes of dark color, make the dog's look expressive and intelligent.
Short hair is smooth, silky to the touch and very dense. She has a number of advantages – does not fade, not allergic, in addition, even at high humidity, it does not have an unpleasant odor. Color can be black-and-white, red-white, brindle or tricolor, when the black and white color combination with a red tan. All marks, with clear boundaries, well-formed. Whatever the color was not the silent African, description of the breed requires paws, tail tip and chest were white. Height at the withers is 40-43 cm, weight — from 9 to 11 kg.
Tracking breed began about 5000 years ago. The homeland of these dogs is Africa. Their images in the form of bas-reliefs, statuettes found in the tombs of the pharaohs. Embalmed canine body impregnated with incense, was discovered during excavations near their masters. It says that African silent – breed that was very revered. Today on this continent Basenji is a family talisman, an animal that brings happiness and joy. The researchers, who arrived in the Congo in the late nineteenth century, drew attention to dogs with amazing hunting abilities, pounding in the network game. From Africa a few individuals were taken in 1885 in England, but, unfortunately, not survived. However in this country was subsequently approved by the breed standard African silent acting today.
The next attempt to take the dogs proved to be more successful. It took place in 1937, when the Basenji appeared first in USA and later in Europe. Gradually, this breed was able to meet many people from different countries, fell in love with confident and fearless dogs. In 1988, the world canine organization officially adopted it.
For the entire period of the breeding dogs have earned a great reputation. Basenji differ sweet temper, but it does not show subservience. Infinitely loyal to his master, they at the same time respect the other family members. Nonconflict, I try not to fight, even if it is someone provoked. This indicates a high degree of balance, which can boast of a taciturn African. Owner reviews about this breed for the most part positive. The owners are usually very happy with the dog's behavior and note the complete absence in the nature of aggression.
Many of them were attracted and extraordinary cleanliness and neatness Basenji. After each meal the dog carefully wipes his face, and his hair care with the help of the language by constantly licking it, as do the usual cat.
Breed African taciturn refers to hunting, so its members have a very sensitive sense of smell and well-developed prey drive. If you have to chase the prey, then it must surely overtake. And the dog is so fascinated by it that can be lost.
African silent – dog is ideal for homes where there are small children. They are easy to find with each other common language, participate in cooperative games. However, the breed is not one of those that allow you to do anything you want, so leave her alone with a child is not worth it.
With other animals in the house Basenji get along only if they will allow him to dominate. Then relations between them are friendly and even escalating over time into strong affection. The size of each does not matter – silent African to be friends with a huge dog, much larger than himself, and with the hamster. You can keep several of these dogs.
Features of the breed.
The main thing that distinguishes Basenji among all other dogs – is the lack of barking. To explain such features there are two versions. One of them is that hunting in the almost absent vegetation, the game was not required to draw from the forest, and it was necessary for her to sneak up. Therefore, barking dogs gradually forgotten as unnecessary. Another version explains the lack of barking that African mouth – the breed is very old, formed from ancient dogs that could not bark.
These animals are extremely agile and very active, as real hunters. They constantly seek somewhere to escape. This is for them a necessity. In the apartment, the dog is pretty calm and quiet. But it's worth it to get out of the house, as reveals its full life potential.
South African silent is a very negative attitude to bathing. Perhaps this is due to genetic memory, reminiscent of living in the water crocodiles. Therefore it is not necessary to force the pet to swim.
The Basenji is sometimes called the dog-cat. And for good reason. In addition to the amazing cleanliness, their behavior is very similar: just like a cat, silent African moves smoothly and quietly, makes rumbling sounds, washes the foot and can even go in the tray.
Care and maintenance
The small size of the dog failing to bark and the extreme neatness makes it one of the most suitable breeds for living in an apartment. Caring for it is practically no different from caring for any other pet. Basic hygienic procedures are reduced to wiping the eyes, nail trimming and ear cleaning. Short hair does not need combing, just occasionally wipe it with a hard glove to remove dead hairs.
Wash them only if absolutely necessary — probably, no one is as afraid of water as silent African. Description of the dog given above explains the probable reasons for this fear. To ensure that the pet does not freeze on the walk in the bitter cold, you can buy him special clothes. Are required for regular processing from parasites and timely vaccination.
It is worth considering that these dogs are very active, easy going and need long daily walks. To bore them is almost impossible. Home Basenji is a quiet and calm dog, only if its a good walk. Otherwise, he can vent his energy, bezobraznica in the apartment.
Despite the incredible mobility, has a tendency to obesity taciturn African. Reviews about the breed of the owners of these dogs say demanding food for their Pets. Many people say that a sense of proportion, they do not. Basenji can eat as much as whatever was offered. You have to follow the moderation of portions. The diet must be present low-fat meat varieties. Besides him, I include in the menu some fish, offal, porridge. Occasionally, not more often than once a week, you can give the bones. For puppies needed dairy products and cheese.
Ready to use dry food in the diet, the Basenji is not recommended. Not good for the dogs food from the master's table. They are contraindicated in salted, smoked, spicy, fatty and sweet foods.
Education and training
A true friend and companion can be a taciturn African. Description this dog is celebrating her high mental ability and intelligence. However, what smart would a dog, it is necessary to educate and train. The Basenji is quite easily trained and understands commands. It is important for them the approval of the owner, so a kind word and praise is the main method of training. In addition to accustom the dog to respond to his name and approach the owner, it is very important to pet all learned that it is impossible to pick up anything from the ground. Silent African refers to the breed of dogs that like to "poshakalit", i.e., the case will not miss the opportunity to grab some carrion or old bone.
During training it is unacceptable rude treatment of the dog, raising your voice. For each execution of the command must be followed by praise. The memory of these dogs is excellent. All the teams they are able to learn the first time.
Due to the fact that the breed formed under natural wild conditions, and its representatives have excellent health. Nevertheless, a predisposition to some diseases is available. Most often these dogs are found retinal atrophy, cataracts, entropion with protein loss, kidney stones.
About once every six months is recommended to visit a vet in case of detection of health problems in time to begin treatment.
Today still considered a rare breed of African taciturn. The nursery is involved in its breeding, it is possible to find far not in each city. The cost of these dogs can not be called low. Therefore, deciding to buy a Basenji puppy, it is best to contact the specialty nursery, where experienced breeders will assist in the choice of the future and its cultivation.