Polyhydramnios during pregnancy: causes and consequences
During pregnancy the expectant mother has from the earliest periods to undergo various studies. Regularly before each examination, the woman does blood and urine analysis. According to these indicators, the specialist determines the state of health of the fairer sex. About once every three months the future mother visits the office of ultrasonic diagnostics. While such research is sometimes revealed polyhydramnios during pregnancy. Causes, consequences, and treatment of this pathological process will be presented to you in the article. You will also be able to know how does this as the birth of a baby.
Before you find out the reasons mnogonogie during pregnancy, the consequences and remedy – need to say that, as usual, the increase in the amount of water. In the normal fetus throughout the period of gestation is surrounded by amniotic fluid. At 12 weeks it is about three tablespoons. At this time during the ultrasound don't pay too much attention to the index of amniotic fluid.
During pregnancy the amount of water increases. So, for 30 weeks, its volume reaches a little over half a liter. Before the birth, to be held in term amniotic fluid fills from one to one and a half liters of the uterus. It is worth noting that many of the fairer sex, this volume is reduced to the beginning of labor.
Causes, impact on labor, the consequences of this condition will be described next. Before doing this we give the definition and characterization of this term. Polyhydramnios is a condition during pregnancy when significantly exceeds the amount of amniotic fluid. Note that not always the volume comes within the acceptable range. Sometimes the approach to a higher rate characterized by the term "mild polyhydramnios".
There is a classification of the situation described. Index of amniotic fluid can be chronic or acute. The latter, in turn, is more dangerous. To diagnose this condition is possible on the external indicators, the complaints of women or by means of ultrasonic diagnostics. The chronic form of disease characterized by a gradual increase in the volume of amniotic fluid. In acute polyhydramnios, the level of amniotic fluid increases intensely for several hours or days.
To determine this condition is not always. Very often a woman finds out about their diagnosis only during the next ultrasound. Most often it happens during the chronic pathology. However, there are other signs of the problem appeared.
Intensive growth of a stomach. When polyhydramnios height of the bottom of the standing reproductive organ than normal for his time. The circumference at the navel is more than 100 centimeters. The woman may complain of shortness of breath, heaviness while walking, fatigue, the appearance of stretch marks.
Unusual symptoms. If you had to deal with polyhydramnios, you surely know that such a fluctuation. In this syndrome the expectant mother is clearly hear in the silence of the gurgling noises from his belly. Also the child may have reduced activity. The baby is moving, as expected, but the woman doesn't feel these shocks due to the large volume of water.
Questionable signs. Also when polyhydramnios may appear symptoms that sometimes accompany other pathological processes. This swelling of the legs, increased blood pressure, headaches, kidney failure and so on. Not exclusively according to the symptoms described above to put the diagnosis.
Why is it there?
What is polyhydramnios during pregnancy the reasons? The symptoms of this disease are well known. The true situation, which led to an increase in the amount of amniotic fluid, to find it is not always possible. Doctors say that polyhydramnios is diagnosed in one of the future mother of a hundred. It can be concluded that this disease is not so common. More often pregnant women have to deal with malovodie.
Even with the development of modern medicine the majority of women have a diagnosis of "polyhydramnios of unknown origin". Less reason is established and assigned to appropriate therapy. Usually the treatment mnogonogie held within the walls of a hospital. In this case, the amount of liquid every day observe by using an ultrasound scanner. Consider what has polyhydramnios (mild, chronic, acute) causes and methods of treatment.
The most common cause of the pathology is an infection. It may be the disease, indulging sexually. Also often the cause of the problem is inflammation in the area of small pelvis organs in women. That is why doctors strongly advise before pregnancy planning to undergo all the examinations and, if necessary, conduct treatment.
Adjustment of this cause is under control of doctors. The woman is usually administered antibacterial or antiviral therapy. However, before these are established types of infections.
Causes and consequences mnogonogie interrelated. If the expectant mother is negative RH factor and the baby's father is positive, then a conflict may occur. Usually the first pregnancy that never happens. After childbirth can be formed antibodies in the blood of women who are on subsequent pregnancies will try to destroy the foreign body. Often develops polyhydramnios.
To resolve the existing problem is quite difficult. However, prevention that allows women not to collide with the development of RH-conflict. To do this, enter the immunoglobulin. Note that is the procedure at a certain time under the supervision of experts. These funds are dispensed solely on the prescription.
Malformations of the fetus
Has other polyhydramnios during pregnancy the reasons. And the consequences of such a state will be relevant. If in the period of formation of organs and systems of the baby have been a failure, develop vices, which are subsequently referred to as congenital. Often this condition is accompanied by polyhydramnios.
Correction of congenital malformations of the baby. But often in early detection and treatment immediately after birth.
Described situations are the most frequent, which lead to the development mnogonogie acute or chronic. But there are other reasons of this disease. They include:
- the woman's age (before 18 or after 35 years)
- unhealthy lifestyle (eating disorders, bad habits)
- diseases (diabetes, vascular disease)
- multiple pregnancy and so on.
Polyhydramnios during pregnancy: causes and consequences – is there a relationship?
Doctors say that depending on what gave rise to the development of disease, we can talk about the outcome. If polyhydramnios appeared due to rhesus-conflict, then the child may develop diseases such as neonatal jaundice, increase in bilirubin. Less often comes the death of the embryo before birth.
When intrauterine infection the disease can pass to the baby during childbirth. The severity of the child will be determined depending on the type of infection. If we are talking about diabetes, there is often a preeclampsia, leading to hypoxia.
As you can see, if it is polyhydramnios during pregnancy – causes and effects are interrelated. Upon detection of this disease need as soon as possible to proceed to its correction. If to find out the cause and failed, the woman prescribers, maintain normal state of the baby: medications for improving blood circulation, sedative drugs, General health and so on.
What is the influence of polyhydramnios on the course of childbirth?
Often when polyhydramnios (if there is a suffering kid) recommended early delivery. In most case is a cesarean section. If the woman's condition does not pose a threat to the child, permitted natural childbirth.
When polyhydramnios contractions are often weak. In this case, doctors resort to the dissection of membranes. If the water will recede on their own, the strong stream can make in the cervical canal the part of the umbilical cord, a leg or arm of the child. It can end pretty badly.
In the process of birth in case of polyhydramnios may be a weakness of labor. In this case, doctors resort to stimulation. Mother-to-be introduced drugs that increase contractility of the genitals.
You already know what has polyhydramnios during pregnancy causes and consequences. It is worth noting that most of these births starts with the help of experts. Independent contractions may not begin until 42 weeks of pregnancy.
The most dangerous consequence mnogonogie is placental abruption, which occurs prematurely. In this case a woman needs emergency medical help. Otherwise, endanger the lives of mother and baby.
You know what is polyhydramnios. Diagnosis and treatment, consequences, and reasons presented to your attention. Remember that now you are responsible for the health and life of the unborn child. Don't let the situation slide. When skilled care and timely use of suitable medicines, the problem usually does not lead to serious consequences. All the best to you!