International bird day — April 1
International bird day is celebrated each year around the world. He appeared in the late NINETEENTH century in America. In a few years he began to rapidly spread to different countries. This holiday is considered the first introduced in the so-called "environmental calendar". Celebrated in Europe began already in 1906.
International day of birds in Russia. The beginning of the story
Arriving in Russia, the international day of birds got a lot of recognition. By that time there was already organized for the protection of birds. In the early twentieth century there were dozens of different committees involved. In one word, protection to wildlife in Russia flourished.
May yunnatskih unions and organizations
The study and protection of birds attracted also children. In schools, this May open a special organization. Nine-year-old boys together in squads. They were the hallmark of hats depicting flying swallows.
Since 1910, for nature lovers, in the village of Khortitsa also created a special society. The participants fed the birds and hung them for birdhouses.
May the unions were closed immediately after the revolution. However yunnatskih organization picked up their idea. In 1924, at their all-Union Congress it was proposed to re-establish the international day of birds. After 2 years the festival was already recognized as the official. And a couple of years the number of participants in various events dedicated to this day was just huge! About 65 thousand children in Moscow alone hung the birdhouses and feeding birds. Thus, every year more and more celebrated in Russia international day of birds. Date falls on 1 April.
The festival died and was reborn...
Everything was good, but soon the war began. International day of birds, of course, to note stopped. To revive this movement could only 3 years after the end of the war. The festival gained large swings, but, alas! To the 60-th years International days of observing birds came down again "on no."
The final revival of the holiday occurred only in 1999. The capital was plastered over 500 birdhouses. And the next year the government of Moscow has accepted the festival as an event city-wide, connected to his organization.
The bird day – the time of arrival of birds home
So, the story of the events of the insanely rich. April 1 – international birds day. And it's not just that many years ago at this time, signed the Convention for the protection of birds. Around this time, the birds just fly to the wintering home.
The first "native land" arrive rooks. Behind them the ducks, geese and cranes. After – thrushes, Buntings, finches, etc.
So what to do on April 1? International birds day involves caring people hanging birdhouses, logostical and other bird houses. This man doesn't just help birds. He becomes much closer to nature. By the way, her awakening from hibernation is also celebrated on this day. In the old days people baked dough larks and singing a special "zaklichki".
Protect birds from extinction
On this day, not only does the meeting of spring. Joy at the arrival of the birds is also not the only reason hosts many different events. People remember all the terrible mistakes of the past. In the result of the destruction of birds in the world has managed to disappear about a hundred varieties. For example, on the island of Mauritius in the Indian ocean just a couple of hundreds of years by sailors and the animals they brought with them was destroyed the whole population of the flightless columbiformes of the Dodo.
Another serious threat is the pollution of the environment. Of course, this is also to blame people that put on the brink of disappearance of birds not only its uncontrolled hunting, but also the use of pesticides, unsafe preobrazovaniem natural habitats.
Today, the existential threat is also to the various swamps and forests. But for some species of birds is the only habitat. For example, the bittern, the shepherd or the Wren, found only in swamps.
Of course, the encroachment on the birds to stop will not work. However slow it maybe. To this and calls the international day of birds. Activities are varied. The goal of many of them is to increase the areas of protected areas, especially those inhabited by the species listed in the Red Book.
To help the feathered everyone can
For children a variety of activities and events. International birds day 4 class, for example, you can organize a very bright and interesting. Most importantly, kids will learn to love nature, the surrounding world, helping our feathered friends. As the birds return this time from the wintering grounds, and parks and forests in modern cities are almost there, they have nowhere to live. Elementary school students already know that Twitter is the winged animals can be heard from every spring less and less. In order to watch them, to enjoy their singing, not only to study their textbook of Zoology, you need to do not so much. The guys need only amicably engaged in the manufacture of birdhouses, for example, at lessons of labor training. Team to do their very entertaining and hanging are also very fun.
Activities for children can vary
It is not necessary to restrict ourselves only to the resettlement of birds, returning home from places of zimovane. International bird day for 4th grade may include a range of excursions, competitions and quizzes.
In many cities, for example, organize a special exhibition. There are a huge number of diverse species. Well, the tour guide will give interesting information about each of them.
Often kids class teachers also assign different master classes, where you can get acquainted with the birds and with the folk traditions associated with them.
In short, on this day the children can learn about how the birds needed houses for raising chickens
And on the excursions you can also acquire a lot of knowledge. First, the kids will talk about the different birds living in their village. Second, children will begin to comprehend the laws of physics and to understand the mysteries of flight. Thirdly, they will learn to distinguish bird voices. And finally, understand how to help our feathered friends.
At the end of the holiday children can be entertained with traditional butter them, but you can invite them to sculpt a bird out of salt dough. Another option of entertainment – the production of birds in the style of origami. And you can just arrange a drawing competition for the best bird. Dances and songs, stories about the ancient traditions and ceremonies... to Celebrate the international day of birds. The main thing — fun and useful!