Doman's methodology: feedback
Each parent dreams that his child grew up intelligent, intelligent and useful to society people. Since their birth, people send their children to specialized gardens, to mugs. Classes with a tutor are popular. However, not everyone can afford such training, because everything in our lives has to be paid. Comprehensive development can be provided to your baby and at home. There are many methods of development, for the use of which it is not necessary to have a pedagogical education. One of those is the method of Doman.
Methods of early development
All of them can be divided into three types. Each has a certain direction:
- Physical development (especially important for infants up to a year).
- Creative development.
- Comprehensive development (memory, thinking, logic).
It is better, of course, to use everything in a complex. You can not focus only on creativity or physical education.
The following methods are very popular with parents and teachers:
- Methodology by Maria Montessori . M. Montessori is a famous Italian teacher, doctor and philosopher of the 19th century. Her pedagogical system is built on the principle of "do it yourself." The role of an adult is to guide the baby back on track. The child absorbs everything like a sponge. Therefore, parents and educators should make the surrounding world as accessible and understandable as possible. Games are mainly focused on the development of imaginative thinking.
- The Nikitin family . The main emphasis is on labor education and development of creative abilities. The child is given freedom of action. He decides how much and how to do it. The task of parents is not to interfere, but to create the necessary conditions for development.
- Method N. Zaitsev. It is a teaching of reading with the help of cubes. According to the teacher, a unit of speech is a syllable. Each syllable has a face on the cube. The child himself learns to create words. Cubes are different in color, shape, size. Thus, children quickly master vowels and consonants, sonorous and soft sounds.
- Waldorf technique . This is the development of the child according to his age. The focus is more on activation of creativity. Welcome to music classes and exercises for fine motor skills.
- Technique of Voskobovich. The main tool of the teacher is play. Only when the baby plays, he will be ready to perceive "school" science.
- The methodology of Kitaev and Trunov . This is a dynamic gymnastics for one-year-old children. Thanks to physical exercises, the child begins to sit and walk earlier. His brain is also actively developing.
- Glenn Doman technique. The main goal is early development at the age from birth to seven years, when the brain of a child actively grows and develops.
Who is Doman?
Glen Doman is a famous American neurosurgeon who researched the human brain. He also dealt with the treatment of children with mental disorders. The main task facing the specialist is to activate the brain of sick children. Unlike their predecessors, who tried in vain to teach the children to read, Doman achieved tremendous successes. Very soon, children, lagging behind in development, began to outperform their peers in many ways.
And all thanks to the specially developed methods of the doctor. According to his program, lessons lasted for five to ten seconds, and their number reached several dozen a day.
The essence of training is the demonstration of cards with words written in large font in red. Every word was loudly pronounced aloud. The children's brain became so active that they began to learn fluent reading.
Soon the technique was applied in other school disciplines. A child involved in the Doman program could become an erudite. Educate on the system of a steel doctor and healthy children.
Glen Doman's method is very popular all over the world. Not just one Nobel laureate was brought up according to its principle. The essence of the technique consists in the use of special cards, on which are depicted words or pictures with words. Demonstrating the child the material, it is necessary to pronounce its contents. If a watermelon is drawn, then it is necessary to say "watermelon", not replacing the word with synonyms and eloquent descriptions.
One lesson should last 10-15 seconds. During this time it is necessary to show 10-15 pictures. One picture - one second. Cards can be selected according to subjects (vegetables, fruits, transport, professions), and at random.
Mandatory requirement for the material - drawings should be clear, large and not vague, the words are written legibly.
Thanks to such a system, the child's brain is activated, his thinking, memory is formed. The method of development of Doman is successfully applied not only in pre-school institutions and schools, but also in universities and technical schools.
Cards for learning by the method of Doman can be purchased at specialized stores or manufactured independently.
Make a material from white cardboard. On strips measuring 10 x 40 (50) cm, words are written in block letters in red. The height of the letters is about 7 cm, and the font thickness is 1.5 cm. Gradually, the font can be reduced and the color replaced with black. Over time, instead of words on the strips write whole phrases, thus, as close as possible to the child's reading.
The method of early development of Glen Doman is also successfully applied in math classes. For this, a different number of red dots (not numbers!) Are applied to the cardboard. The figure is an abstract concept, and the child must feel the real number. Points on the cardboard can be replaced by real objects - balls, butterflies, cherries. The main rule is that the images should be large and have a red color (it attracts attention well). Also it is possible to produce separately cards with mathematical signs.
The result of training will appear only after systematic studies. So, to bring up an erudite and talented child will help simple cards. Doman's method is an excellent way of learning in a game form. The main thing is not to forget about the promotion!
When is it better to start classes?
Mr. Doman argues that the human brain is the most ready to learn during its active growth. It occurs at the age of birth and up to seven years. Therefore, classes on the technique of Doman are best to start from birth, when the baby is already reacting to objects. Parents note that children perceive such training as an exciting game.
To start studying it is necessary with cards on which different subjects are represented - toys, fruits, vegetables, transport and so on. The methodology promotes the formation of photographic memory, the development of thinking, logic, speech.
The brain of a small man since his birth is aimed at learning all that is new. The child himself is interested in the names of animals, objects of everyday life and all that surrounds him. Therefore, the ideal time for learning is infancy. Do not even need motivation.
Every newborn is like a clean sheet of paper. The way he will become depends largely on his parents. The greatest baggage of knowledge children receive at the age of up to three years - do not miss the opportunity!
Methods of early development of Doman: how to do?
You can learn and even need several times a day for five to ten seconds. A child should take lessons as a game. You should start with thematic cards. For each card there is one second. During this time the adult manages to speak the word in the picture. For one lesson, you do not need to select too many cards. Training must be completed before the baby's interest is lost. Thus, he will always have a desire to engage.
Doman's method is used to teach reading and math. Such activities can be conducted with a one-year-old baby. Of course, the child will not be able to read to two, but already three to four years after systematic studies this is quite real.
When using the technique in the classroom in mathematics, children develop abstract thinking much faster. Over time, they will absolutely correctly call the number of objects “by eye”, even not counting them!
The technique of Glen Doman, like any other, has its drawbacks. First of all, this is passive learning, the lack of creativity and creativity. A huge number of undeniable facts that a child remembers with the help of cards can be stored in his head like trash if the kid does not learn how to use them. Moreover, the constant stress on the brain can lead to mental disorders.
Therefore, only one method is not recommended for training. It is better to combine several early development programs. And do not forget that the child is not a computer. Be sure to leave time for other games and pampering.
Doman's technique: reviews of psychologists
Undoubtedly, the way developed by neurosurgeon Doman is working. According to many teachers, thanks to this program you can bring up a genius. However, it is necessary to be guided by other methods of teaching, always leaving time for creativity and independent knowledge of the world.
Most psychologists say that the method of Doman, although it gives its results, has many shortcomings, the main one of which is passivity. Only the visual and auditory system develops, the children cover only the material depicted in the pictures. The child is loaded with facts that he can not always apply.
The neurologist E. Melanchenko is the opponent of any methods of early development. She explains this by the fact that the children's brain, which is full of information, often fails, and as a result, babies are faced with such problems as headaches, neuroses, enuresis, etc. The psychological stress experienced by children ahead of time leads to vasospasm and a number other diseases.
The brain of the child matures gradually, therefore, the load must be selected according to age.
Doman's method is a tremendous tool for educating genius children, if it is applied wisely. Choosing a program for the early development of your child, you should take into account his individual characteristics, age, state of health. Never force a baby. Do classes in the form of a game and do not forget about the incentive system!