Material Montessori with their hands
Maria Montessori introduced the use of teachers and psychologists the concept of prepared environment where child development occurs through its interaction with different objects, the purpose of which is to improve certain cognitive functions of the baby. Grown in the process acts as a helper and provides turnover of didactic materials and surrounded by crumbs. The child decides what he will do and what subject choose in the moment.
As always in need of new and new objects, and the cost of educational toys is very high, many teachers and parents prefer to make Montessori material with their hands, using everything in the house: fabric, buttons, cereals, cardboard, etc.
For every mom?
The main requirement for each component of the future of toys is its natural origin, purity and safety for a small child.
How to make Montessori materials? The discussion of inventive adults specific items you can create on their own, led to drawing up a list of the most affordable, simple and useful educational toys. So here's the TOP 7.
Frame liners is the most popular didactic material of Montessori. With their hands they are often made from cardboard. Frame liners multifunctional – with their help, the child simultaneously learns colors, shapes, sizes, and learns to compare them. The manufacturer of this toy starts with the cutting of a large sheet of cardboard or several Shoe boxes into equal squares. Then they paste colored paper and a box cutter carefully cut out the center shapes: circles, squares, triangles, trapezoids, rhombuses, etc. of different sizes.
Next, in the same way are made and inserts in a contrasting shade, the center of which is placed a button or other device for easy grip children's fingers. The edges of the cardboard elements shall be polished with fine emery paper so they were easier on each other.
Geometric is a wonderful thing for a game with which the child is ready to spend more than one hour. In the original it consists of boards and pins. Creating such material Montessori with your own hands, instead of the wooden Chopik, you can use pushpins with heads of different colors. You need to drive them into a Board with a hammer to the young naturalist was able to get the tip from the base. On the wide plastic part of the buttons little touches of gum (those used for bonding bills by Bank employees and have different colors), forming lines, shapes and the whole picture.
The cloth pad will become a favorite pastime of the baby, because it is so great to sit, lie down, place the toy, and it contains a lot of surprises. This didactic material to implement the Montessori method you can do really anything. The only thing that limits you is your own imagination. Size, color, drawings, to develop items such as buttons, zippers, hooks, pockets can be completely arbitrary. For sewing this Mat will fit all that lay in the wardrobe in anticipation of better times: a piece of fabric, old clothes, furniture, etc.
Most importantly, the parts had a different texture: alternated elements of cotton and wool, smooth and rough, sewn and knitted. Under the application you can hide a rustling plastic bag, a Squeaker, a handful of grains or beads.
A simulator to study colors will serve any object — from wooden cups, plastic boxes of a certain hue to the clubs or pieces of cardboard. Tool for selection is the easiest way to make pegs. They can be plastic, defined colors, and wood with paper labels. Stickers on your Kohler should repeat the figure (capacity).
The child at the same time trains the eyesight, mental function and fine motor skills by finding each clothespin to the right place. This is another case where Montessori materials are in no way inferior purchase.
Despite its name, Board lacing is not necessarily a piece of wood. If it is not possible to cut veneer figure, the fit and detail of cardboard. For durability it is better to paste over it with a membrane. In the workpiece with a sharp tool out of the hole, in which the child can easily stretch lace.
The Board can be in any form from real life (e.g., shoes) to fairytale castles, animals or vehicles. Lace is better to take ready, the ends are convenient for feeding in the holes.
Touch the snake, or caterpillar, is also a Montessori material. Make a toy for a few hours. All you need is pieces of different fabric and material for filling balloons. Suitable cereals (millet, beans, rice, peas, etc.), foam or batting a crumpled paper or a plastic film. You can think of other interesting touch fillers.
The easiest option is to make the elements of the snake of old who lost his a couple of children's socks. They have bright colors and patterns, and gathering the toy will look very interesting.
Those who are able, can make balls out of fabric of different textures, the head and decorate with eyes and a smile.
The pyramid consists of ill-fitting fleece or felt pads of different sizes. They are connected to each other using Velcro.
Despite its apparent simplicity, it is also a real educational material Montessori. To hand-make a pyramid easy for anyone with a sewing machine.
The main trick of the toy is that the pads have different coloring of the upper and lower sides. Colors match only connected with other parts. To cut out squares, stitch them together and to fill soft filler will not be difficult. Velcro is divided into segments, which are mounted in the center of each part. The bottom cushion for the stability of the pyramid can be filled with something heavy, for example, buckwheat or pearl barley.
Learning about how to do Montessori manuals with their hands at home, parents can greatly expand the range of educational toys of your baby. And let some of these didactic materials the child is not yet able to use correctly manipulating with them, he still learns, learns properties of objects, compares weight and texture, colors and sizes and created in the head base for further learning.
The task of the adult in this process is to provide the "prepared environment" so constantly replenish the collection of Montessori guides, to follow the preferences of the young researcher and give him the chance to understand those logical connections that we already seem natural. The technique involves maximum independence of children in the selection of priority classes, the subject and method of interaction with him. Parents, it is important to understand that this approach to early learning is the most reasonable and natural. In addition, this attitude of the senior gives the child faith in himself, and this is positively reflected on the rest of his life.