Material Montessori own hands
Maria Montessori introduced the concept of a prepared environment into the everyday life of educators and psychologists, where the development of the child is due to its interaction with different subjects, the purpose of which is to improve certain cognitive functions of the baby. The adult in this process acts as an assistant and ensures the replacement of didactic materials in the environment of crumbs. The child himself decides what he will do and what subject he chooses at the moment.
Since new and new objects are constantly needed, and the cost of ready-made developing toys is very high, many educators and parents prefer to make Montessori material with their own hands, using everything that is in the house: fabrics, buttons, groats, cardboard, etc.
What is the power of every mother?
The main requirement for each component element of future toys is its natural origin, purity and safety for a small child.
How to make Montessori materials yourself? Discussion by inventive adults of specific subjects that you can create yourself led to the compilation of a list of the most affordable, simple and useful educational toys. So, this is the top-7.
The inlaid framework is Montessori's most popular didactic material. With their own hands they are often made of cardboard. The frame-liners are multifunctional - with their help the child simultaneously studies colors, shapes, sizes and learns to compare them. Manufacture of such a toy begins with cutting a large sheet of cardboard or several shoe boxes into equal squares. After that, they are pasted with colored paper and a clerical knife, carefully cut out from the center of the figure: circles, squares, triangles, trapezoids, rhombuses, etc. of different sizes.
Then, in the same way, the inserts of a contrasting shade are made, in the center of which a button or other device is placed for convenient gripping with child's fingers. The edges of the cardboard elements are sandpapered with fine sandpaper so that they easily fit into each other.
Geometric is a wonderful thing, the game with which the child is ready to spend more than one hour. In the original it consists of a board and pins. Creating a similar material Montessori own hands, instead of wooden choppers, you can use stationery buttons with heads of different shades. It is necessary to drive them into the board with a hammer so that the young naturalist can not pull the point out of the base. On the wide plastic parts of the buttons the kid clings elastic bands (those that are intended for binding banknotes by bank employees and have different colors), forming lines, figures and whole pictures.
Tissue mat will be your favorite baby's fun, because it's so cool to sit, lie, place toys, and it also contains a lot of surprises. This didactic material for the implementation of the Montessori method can be done from anything. The only thing that limits you is your own imagination. Size, color, drawings, developing elements such as buttons, zippers, hooks, pockets can be absolutely any. For sewing such a rug, everything that was lying in a wardrobe in anticipation of better times would fit: cuts of fabric, old clothes, accessories, etc.
The main thing is that the details have a different texture: alternating elements of cotton and wool, smooth and rough, sewn and knitted. Under the application, you can hide a rustling plastic bag, pshchalka, a handful of groats or beads.
Color training apparatus
A training apparatus for studying colors will be any objects - from wooden cups, plastic boxes of a certain hue to circles or figures from cardboard. The tool for selecting the easiest way is to make clothespins. They can be both plastic, of a certain color, and wooden with paper stickers. Stickers for their color should also repeat the figure (capacity).
The child simultaneously trains vision, thinking functions and fine motor skills, finding each pin the right place. This is another case, when Montessori materials with their own hands in no way inferior to the purchased ones.
Despite its name, the lacing board is not necessarily a wooden blank. If there is no way to cut out a plywood figure, then a piece of thick cardboard will do. For durability, it is better to glue it with film. In the preparation with a sharp tool holes are knocked out, in which the child can easily stretch the cord.
The board can have any shape - from a close to reality (for example, shoes) to fairy-tale castles, animals or vehicles. Laces are better to take ready, their ends are convenient for poking into holes.
A sensory snake, or caterpillar, is also the material of Montessori. You can make such a toy in a few hours with your own hands. All you need is pieces of different cloth and stuff to fill the balls. Suitable cereals (millet, beans, rice, peas, etc.), foam or batting, crumpled paper or polyethylene film. You can think of other interesting to the touch fillers.
The easiest option is to make snake elements from old, lost their own pair of children's socks. They have bright colors and patterns, and in the collection the toy will look very interesting.
Those who can, can sew balls from fabrics of different textures, and decorate your head with your eyes and smile.
The pyramid consists of fleece or felt pads of different sizes. They connect with each other with Velcro.
Despite the apparent simplicity, this is also a real developing material Montessori. Any sewing machine owner can easily sew such a pyramid with his hands.
The main trick of the toy is that the pads have a different coloring of the lower and upper sides. Colors coincide only with the connected parts. To find out the squares, sew them together and fill them with a soft filler will not be difficult. Velcro-tape is divided into segments, which are attached to the center of each part. The lower pillow for stability of the pyramid can be filled with something heavy, for example, buckwheat or pearl barley.
Learning about how to make Montessori benefits by themselves at home, parents can significantly expand the range of developing toys for their baby. And even if some of these didactic materials the child can not yet use correctly, manipulating with them he still learns, knows the properties of objects, compares weights and textures, colors and sizes and creates in his head a basis for further education.
The task of an adult in this process is to ensure that the "prepared environment", which means constantly adding to the collection of Montessori benefits, to follow the preferences of the young researcher and give the crumbs time to comprehend those logical connections that for us already seem natural. The method implies maximum independence of children in choosing the order of the classes, the subject and the way of interaction with it. It is important for parents to understand that this approach to early learning is the most reasonable and natural. In addition, this attitude of the elders lays in the child a belief in himself, and this has a positive effect on his entire future life.