Mastiff French: description and characteristics of the breed
Among the huge number of dog breeds, differing not only in size, the exterior, but also the nature, the leadership is terrible to look at, but very gentle and friendly Mastiff French.
These dogs stand out against other species primarily by its unusual appearance. They have a pretty impressive size, the average height is 65 cm, sometimes more than 1 m Corresponding to the weight of the Mastiff – from 70 to 90 kg. The main feature is the massive head is rounded, covered with a large number of folds. The coat of these dogs is soft to the touch, thin and short. Despite this, it is very well as protects the animal from the cold and from the heat. Color reddish-brown, Golden, fawn, sometimes it is possible to have a black mask on the muzzle and white markings at the chest and on the feet.
The body is composed of harmonious, quite powerful, with muscular limbs. Tail thicker at the base, but not very long, calm down, when it reaches the hock. Ears drooping.
The French Mastiff dog is very agile. In the sprint are able to develop a large enough speed, almost not looking up from ground level, and the jump can overcome even a two-meter barrier.
The history of the breed
Its origins are from mastiffs molosser dogs fighting with gladiators in Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. A few centuries ago they were introduced to France by the Roman legions and was used for hunting and protection. During the British rule in Bordeaux these dogs were crossed with English mastiffs and hunting dogs, which probably took over a huge size. Hence the second name – Dogue de Bordeaux, which was attended by representatives of this breed in the first exhibition of French dogs in 1863
Character and temperament
Producing a first glance impression of himself as aggressive or fighting dog, the Mastiff, the French really are very friendly and loyalty. Especially the good relations he established with the children. The Mastiff is always ready to play, meekly and patiently endure the antics of kids and will never hurt them. On the contrary, he seeks all to take care of: small children and Pets.
Despite apparent slowness and silly, it is worth noting a rather high level of intelligence of this breed. French Mastiff knows how to win, he is very sociable and extremely attached to his master. Being alone, he begins to yearn.
Dogs of this breed differ and guard qualities, bravely showing them when needed, but without excessive aggression. Even when a potential aggressor Mastiff will not raise barking in vain, he is able one its intimidating appearance, a show of strength and power.
Maintenance and care
The same as most other dogs, dog French Mastiff needs regular long walks and loads, helping to avoid obesity and the emergence of related diseases. At the same time do not overdo it with exercise, they should do so in moderation.
The diet of these dogs should be balanced and contain the necessary amount of carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins.
Care for a dog like the French Mastiff requires a mandatory hygienic procedures. Numerous folds on the animal's face must be cleaned from dirt and washed to prevent possible contamination. The coat is clean, as a rule, only during molting. You can use special rubber gloves intended for cleaning short-haired dogs.
These animals are very heat-loving and have adapted to living only in a heated room. While ensuring Mastiff long active walks it is quite possible to keep in a city apartment.
Education and training
Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) – dog very vulnerable and sensitive. Therefore, to deal with its training needs consistently, in a relaxed and friendly atmosphere, to praise the pet every time the correct command. Rough cries, unfair punishment can lead to dog insecurity and melancholy.
With proper education Dogue de Bordeaux reveals all its best qualities, and, conversely, the errors in this case or lack of training can make a dog dangerous to others.
The French Mastiff is very easily trained and trained, he is able to understand master just one word, and obey implicitly. To rush to his defense will only be on the team or in the moment of real danger.
Features puppy training
From the very first days of their appearance in the house of a puppy of this wonderful breed, you need to train it to human hands.
And it is not necessarily it should be only the hands of the owner. It is desirable that many different people took the puppy, stroked and talked to him. This socialization is very important and absolutely will not damage the protective qualities of the dog in the future. The room where the baby should be spacious enough. This is to avoid the emergence of various deviations in development.
French Mastiff (photo specimens are placed in this article) will grow up to be confident, beautiful and strong if from puppyhood to obey all the rules for its feeding and maintenance.
Unfortunately, the breed is characterized by longevity, and this is probably its only drawback. The average life expectancy of mastiffs is only 7-8 years.