Malamute: breed profile
Bred in Alaska, the Malamute has a remarkable endurance and strength. This breed was transported to their owners, and numerous loads under extremely severe conditions. Such work could not affect the appearance of these dogs. Malamute — description of the breed underlines it — strong, with a broad chest and large paws animal covered with hard dense hair. Externally resembling wolves, Malamutes become heroes of many films, and adorn magazines.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the dog was used as a sled during the IV-VI centuries. A tribe of Inuit, which laid the Foundation of the breed, paid special attention to her character. Aggressive dogs were exterminated. When began intensive development of Alaska, the Arctic breeds become mixed with others that were brought from different places for breeding fast dogs. With the onset of the so-called gold rush, the Malamute breed became incredibly popular thanks to its sturdiness and lack of aggression to people. And still the dog is highly valued for its strength and mind.
The Malamute. Description of the breed
Dogs have a broad body and back, and long strong back. Straight legs with well-developed muscles allow you to carry long loads. The Alaskan Malamute has a thick coat, painted in various shades.
The first direction dogs of this breed, which wrote the standard, called Kotzebue. To him belong all the first dogs registered in the American kennel club. Dogs have a lower growth in comparison with the representatives of the later standards. Kotzebue Malamutes have a strong head and small ears. They differ in volume and a deep chest, strong limbs, which promote smooth movements. Dogs have no inclination to fight, perfectly amenable to training.
The second direction of the breed is m loot. It appeared in 1947, after the secondary registration. Dogs of this line are characterized by high growth, elongated muzzle, a broad skull, long and high set ears. Compared to the first area of the thorax they are small, limbs are weaker in this regard the movement not as smooth. The aggressive nature complicates training and requires strong will of the owner.
The dogs of the same breed share common characteristics. Their descriptions were published standards. This includes the quality of the exterior design, character, appearance, of the Constitution. When deviations from described standards are considered the breed that the dog has a flaw that could prevent her to participate in exhibitions, and also in the service. How to be a true Malamute? Description of the breed standard includes many options. Focus on them more.
The Malamute must have a strong broad head, proportional body size. The skull between the ears rounded, gradually tapering to the eyes, between which is a sulcus. Line of the forehead and the back of the nose has a slight tilt downwards. Cheeks moderately flat dogs of the breed Malamute. Description of the breed standard includes the concept of stop. In this case, his form pads around the eyes. The size should be average, as in case of pronounced stop the eye will take the wrong position and acquire a rounded shape. If he is underdeveloped, the distance between the eyes will seem minimal. The expression and head shape talking about high intellect of the Malamute.
Characteristic parts of the face
Nose, lips, and eye rim are black. In dogs red color possible brown. It also allowed the color black nose with white veins. The lips should adjoin densely to each other. Eye color the Malamute is brown, the shade of blue is considered a Vice. Their shape is almond-shaped, medium size. The ears are triangular in shape, widely spaced, in the performance of work teams, they are sometimes laid back. The disadvantage is the high set and long ears. Their skin is thick, which is the result of adaptations to life in harsh conditions. Bite the Malamute has a scissors bite, large teeth. On the face is always maintained a friendly expression.
Characteristics of the case
The head rests on a strong and slightly curved neck. Powerful body formed a straight back, muscular loin and well-developed chest. It is important that the body length was slightly greater than height at the withers. The disadvantage will be considered as a long loin that weakens the ridge, and short, prevent movement. The depth of chest of the adult dog is approximately half the height at the withers. Just behind the front legs, located her at the lowest point. As for the tail, it should not touch the back and twist it. He raised up, when the rest Malamute. Description, photos accentuate this trait.
Limb dogs have well developed muscles and strong bones. Hind legs should be located in-line with the front. Thick paws have thick pads. Between the fingers there is a protective growth of hair. The fifth finger should be removed in puppies after birth. Strong legs provide balanced and relaxed movement. Shock of power in his hind legs.
Wool and its color
Malamutes have a thick, rigid covering hair. The sides of the coat has a different length. Its density increases in the region of the neck and shoulders, as well as in suspension, tail and legs, forming a kind of pants. The coat should not be soft and too long.
In color the main color is white. It is combined with black, red and other shades. Permitted markings on the forehead and collar. They give a certain uniqueness to each animal. The face can be completely white or have the form of a mask of the dog breed Malamute. Description rock photos clearly show such features.
Height and weight are considered in conjunction with other features, when is this dog (Malamute) description. Breed (size of males is equal to 63.5 cm at the withers and a weight of 38 kg
The Malamute is one of the most powerful and heavy dog, related to Northern breeds. The standard permits some deviations from the ideal parameters, but they should be minimal. Otherwise the dog will not do their job. For accurate measurements of growth withers feels, to exclude distortion of the computation due to the large amount of wool.
Disadvantages of the breed
For heavy loads, designed the Alaskan Malamute. Description of the breed draws attention to the fact that the dog may not participate in the racing competition. Deviations from the standard are evaluated on their impact on the health of the animal. Thus, achy feet, club feet, weak pasterns, stilted movement, straight shoulder, subtilest, light bone would be considered seriously flawed. The defect, which immediately disqualifies, are blue eyes.
The expression on the face of the dog of this breed is always friendly and playful. Very friendly Malamute. A description of the nature need to start with the fact that the dog is not aggressive even to strangers. Gets along well with other Pets if they don't claim to leadership. When you disrespect from another dog Alaskan Malamute immediately rush into battle.
Since he originally lived in the company of other representatives of the breed, real character is the desire to obtain in their pack leader. Therefore, the owner should immediately be firm in education, if his pet Malamute.
Description of the breed the dog's character certainly takes into account. To eliminate the undesirable features it is necessary to spend more time with young puppies in the first month of life. It is also important from an early age to be engaged in training dogs. It must be remembered that due to high intelligence, Malamutes remember almost all the first time, the replays start to bore them. To form the desired skill would be difficult if the dog sees no point in this activity. Team pet treats quickly and easily only if they are clear to him. The Alaskan Malamute is not intended to be the protector, as all of you with friendliness. The watchman of it bad, but an impressive view can stop a particularly cowardly criminals.
The coat of the Malamute does not require frequent brushing or washing, if the pet lives in a private home. He is able to put himself in order. Moulting takes place twice a year. That's why a thorough combing. On hot days the dog is kept away from the sun, as hard and thick wool can cause heat stroke. To wash the animal need only as needed, it is distinguished by its cleanliness and no smell. Trimming is not necessary, but the claws need cut.
Malamute is always active and energetic. For keeping the apartment animal of this breed is not suitable. In a private home need to monitor the direction of energy, since she loves to dig holes and chase small animals Malamute.
Description of the breed ( character), a photo of the dog can be found in dog magazines. The animal demands respect and has to deal with the work for which it is intended. For example, in the campaigns I can give him the load that he gladly will bear. The dog can move an object with a mass of about 400 kg. This ability contributes to its success in outpolling. But it is important to remember that to train the Malamute in this area can only be started when muscles are formed (not sooner than one year after birth). A good exercise will be the following: Jogging together with the owner in the morning, or Cycling, in which the animal runs around.
Thanks to the friendly disposition of the dog used in animal therapy. Malamute uplifting hospital patients. He causes the love of children who suffer from different diseases. But in this case it is better to use the branch as they are more patient.
Summing up the material on the nature and characteristics of the breed, are the following:
1. A dog requires attention.
2. Its better not to have persons with young children.
3. If the dog lives in the apartment, then shedding it is often. To comb it have every day.
4. Often takes things for future games with the owner.
5. Mostly friendly with other Pets.
6. Trainable. No need of commands in a raised voice, because he understands everything the first time. If something does not perform, then he is not found of meaning in action, and need to be explained differently.
7. To strangers is neutral.
8. Well digging the ground.
9. Is an indispensable friend and a tireless worker.
To learn more about these dogs will help the above description. Malamute will become your loyal friend!