Lurex is a chic and Shine! The history, variety and use of metallic threads
Shiny fabric for many years remains one of the most popular materials for creating clothes. When making use of lurex thread. They are made of the finest metal plates, cut into narrow strips. Thread color depends on tint adhesive composition that can be imposed on the basis of metal fibers. About the history of lurex, its application in contemporary textiles, the types of this material will be discussed in this article.
Metallic thread: the first mention of this kind of accessories
Lurex is a material that first began to use in Ancient Egypt, Babylon, Arabia. Masters made it out of sheet silver and pure gold. The Smiths were flattened material to such an extent that he became very thin and soft. Then such plates were pulling the threads. In the 13th century the production of lurex modernizarea: silver thread is a thin layer of gold, and then the workpiece is wound on a silk thread. Used this material to create hats, jewelry, shoes and clothing.
Manufacture of metallic yarn in our time
Today, the lurex is a thread made from plates of aluminium, brass, copper or Nickel. Modern production technology of this material takes place in several stages.
- Coloring foil sheet from any of these materials, the pigment, which sets the color of the lurex.
- Coating plate protective anti-oxidation film or vinyl acetate emulsion.
- The separation of the foil into thin strips (0,2-0,8 mm) and spooling thread.
To make the lurex strength and softness in the composition of the steel threads to enter the nylon or polyester fiber. Also, these additives help to achieve a variety of effects material: rainbow overflow, light-absorbing and reflective action (glows in the dark).
Despite the fact that the lurex is fittings, having a metal base, it is fragile and very easily stretches and breaks. Therefore, to create a tissue it is used paired with another form of thread.
Kinds of lurex
Modern manufacturing produces several types of metallic yarn for weaving:
- fiber — round structure material
- Plushenko — has the shape of a ribbon
- tinsel is a round, twisted thread
- rigmarole fiber in the form of a spiral
- pradesa — strand, twisted in a spiral with silk or cotton fiber.
The use of metallic threads
Of these kinds of fittings create the fabric with lurex. It is used in creating apparel, shoes, accessories. This textile is widely used for production of theatre, carnival costumes and decorations. Was no exception and shoes. Lurex embroidery on the uppers of boots and textile-based moccasins and ballet shoes is very important in the recent years. Handbags, belts, wide bracelets, decorated with lurex, give the image of glitz and glamour. Stitching produced a special thread, which consists of a combination of metal fibers with nylon. This material is soft and durable.
To create knitted things there is also a special metallic. In the main skein of yarn is introduced lurex and knit the product in the usual way (knit, crochet, or car). Some manufacturers produce thread, which initially includes a metal fiber: Garus with lurex (factory TURN), Violet Lurex (brand YarnArt), acrylic yarn with lurex Moonlight (from "NACO") and others. Cloth made of such yarn, different density. It is used to create coats, jackets, dresses, cardigans, hats.
Lurex is a material that is used for making curtains, tablecloths, napkins, lampshades. Such things become the perfect complement in creating the vintage style of the interior.