Speech therapy classes with children 3-4 years: the features of the
Children learn to speak with adults and speak in the first year of life, but it is not always clear and correct pronunciation is achieved and to five years. Often kindergartens, where the child among equals learning to speak harder and greatly increases vocabulary, knowledge and understanding, become unwitting participants involved in the process of actively speaking of the baby. However, there is no doubt that the pace of technology development and children's knowledge of household appliances, computing devices, often handicap adults, but language skills are left far behind. And by the age of four or five years, the child is sometimes not able not only to correctly pronounce sounds, but also to formulate an idea.
A common opinion of pediatricians, child psychologists and speech therapists-speech pathologists the same: the child should limit access to computer games and whenever possible, replaced outdoor games, didactic materials and educational games: bingo, dominoes, mosaics, painting, sculpting, application, etc. Attention should be paid to the child constantly, to encourage emotions of delight, joy, praise each new achievement in the correct pronunciation and constantly train the muscles of the palate, tongue, lips and throat.
Causes of speech disorders
If the child is a year means less than twenty simple words, you need to pay attention to how the family is the communication senior with a Junior, what is the overall psychological atmosphere in the family, relationships of family members and ways of raising children.
If in the opinion of the psychologist, the mental condition of the child is good, the hearing and intelligence are normal, speech therapy classes with children 3-4 years will correct your pronunciation and will allow you to learn the child to speak properly faster.
Sometimes for a number of reasons neurological, physical or psychological nature of speech disorders result in some form.
This can be caused by poverty of vocabulary, incorrect pronunciation of words, the confusion of endings or rearranging the syllables of the words may be manifestations and rate of speech.
Types of disorders in the speech development of the child
Speech therapists divide speech into phonetic and phonemic underdevelopment of speech (when you swallow vowels, not the consonants sound hard or soft, etc.), General underdevelopment of speech, and certain types of speech problems:
- Rinolaliya and some other species, subspecies violations.
How to identify the speech disorder
As a rule, in early childhood kids are not equally developed, so to classify any violation with external General signs of health rather difficult. If you are attentive to the little family member of symptoms of disorders can see parents and older children.
Start speech therapy classes with children 3-4 years, when the norm based on the vocabulary, and the child is actively communicating or forced to seek clarification of their needs and desires verbally, not with gestures. Psychologists say this age because personal growth together with new forms of thinking and identity of the child makes you interested in the new, to strive to communicate, especially to communicate with their peers. Due to the fact that the children themselves teach each other to explain clearer in a playful and natural form, and changing vocabulary, and the speech of the child in 3-4 years.
Test speech therapy for parents – a call to action
Tests, which are given by speech therapists, to determine the level of violations or to detect the absence of disorder the child. Often some time is devoted to classes, carries the baby, it is included with interest in the execution of tasks and after a short time starts to talk a lot better and better. If speech is still detected, parents should know that they often can be corrected easily, provided that the activities and exercises with the child are conducted not only in the group with a speech pathologist, a speech therapist, but also at home.
That includes speech therapy lesson
In the course of psychological and speech therapy classes for children 3-4 years old the child's education at the same time is not only in the vocal sense, because the associated processes of brain activity, functions, speech, motor skills in the complex should be conducted in different directions:
- we need to develop common, fine motor skills (this will help the sculpting, drawing, rolling, clapping, compression and unclamping the jaws, tapping fingers, lacing, buttoning-unbuttoning buttons)
- it is equally important to develop motor skills and articulation (regular exercises for the muscles of the tongue, lips, larynx and palate)
- the correction of sound pronunciation, the correct formulation of the sounds of speech therapy
- correction of errors in diction and training in rhythm, smoothness of speech and diction.
How useful is speech therapy exercises
Description speech therapy classes for children 3-4 years includes mandatory articulation exercises to tone and relieve spasm of the muscles, dynamic and static exercises for the tongue, corners of lips, muscles of the lower jaw, cheeks, finger-type gymnastics and fine motor skills, and sometimes reflexology massage. In the course of corrective training, the children learn spatial concepts, develop motor skills and memory, visual imagery, attention, thinking and observation. Develop touch, practiced design thinking, gradually returning to normal muscle tone.
The psychological aspect of the child
Features of logopedic work with children of 3-4 years can relate to the psychological component, often children with speech disorders due to opposition itself, to those who say okay, say or keep to themselves. The task of the teacher is to arrange the child's interest and to force him to overcome the barriers that they have created themselves in relation to their own features. The reverse side may be in opposition to the conflict by way of indiscipline, and the vagaries, the rejection of collaboration. In this case, it is recommended individual speech therapy sessions for children 3-4 years old – special child alone is easier to convince and motivate, when an adult becomes a kid a friend and helper, can see the efforts for the vagaries.
General developmental lessons
Exercise though not included in the set of exercises with a speech therapist, still important, gymnastics develops right breathing stroke, which, in turn, promotes better saturation of the brain with oxygen and good circulation of blood flow. Speech therapy classes with children 3-4 years are often accompanied by development of fine motor skills with improvised means in the form of puzzles, mosaics, origami, designer, drawing, and games aimed at the development of mnemonic memory. In addition, memory training puzzles in verse, tongue twisters and rhymes in a fun theme. Of course, the training is conducted in the form of a game, otherwise your baby may flatly refuse to do the exercises and gymnastics. The task of the speech therapist and parents to participate in the formation of correct speech of the child as fully as possible, because the sooner the apparent violations, the more chances to eradicate them and help the kid right and nice to communicate, and therefore to become literate and a pleasant conversationalist.
Speech therapy classes with children 3-4 years include gymnastics chewing-articulatory, Mimi-articulatory muscles, exercises of the lips and cheeks, tongue, pirateboy region, if necessary speech therapy massage (classic point), which includes vibrating stroking, kneading, stretching.