Chickens pygmy: breeds, prices
Dwarf chickens are becoming increasingly common on our farmsteads. What is the cause of this growing popularity? Among these kids there are decorative, and productive egg and meat breeds, which are small copies of large species.
Their advantage lies in the fact that small areas are required for maintenance, and few such chickens eat. On average, egg-bearing breeds consume one-third less feed for production of 1 kg of egg mass than large ones.
They attract amateurs and their bright colors, interesting behavior and unusual appearance. Such birds can become a wonderful decoration of the yard. For poultry farmers who do not have a large room, dwarf chickens are also suitable.
Small chickens are thermophilic, so for a floor covering in a hen house it is better to choose a tree. The room should be warm, without drafts, with good lighting and ventilation. The preferred temperature is 15-25 ° C. To protect against bird parasites, it is necessary to provide a bathing bath with sand or dry clay. Even such a small bird needs a walking zone. The site needs to be sowed with grass and put a vat with river sand or shell rock to improve digestion.
The pygmy chickens feed in the same way as usual - with grain mixtures, vegetables, fruits, grass, earthworms and other small insects. The chicken can be started at about the age of 7-8 months, some breeds earlier. Their weight to this age is about half a kilogram.
Chicken dwarfs are caring parents. To get offspring, layers should be provided with sturdy shallow wooden boxes with straw. In many breeds of small chickens, the instinct of incubation is so well developed that they are often used as foster parents for chickens of large breeds.
During the incubation the chicken should be provided with fresh water and good food. The bird on the masonry can not be disturbed at the very beginning and end of the incubation period, but the rest of the time it needs a short-term paddock. Clutch for the duration of the walk can be covered with a cloth.
Immediately after birth, the chicks begin to eat actively. Starting feed is the foundation for the health of chicks, and in the early days young birds should get all the best: boiled yolk, fresh water, finely chopped greens. A weak solution of potassium permanganate can be added to the water.
Young animals should be separated from the rest of the population for a minimum of 5-6 weeks. At this age, birds can switch to a common diet.
How many are the pygmy chickens? The price of chickens of small breeds averages from 100 rubles per bird. Let us consider in more detail the different breeds of dwarf hens and their characteristics.
Bentham - one of the small breeds, also known as the Korolki. These birds were bred to decorate parks, gardens, birdy yards. For breeding, they need dry, clean and warm rooms. The color of the bentamok can be the most diverse: white, black, yellow, blue, striped, tricolor.
Bentamki are the most common dwarf chickens. Nesushki of this breed are known as fine hens. They are often used to remove chickens of another breed. The weight of adult cockerel is 0,6 kg, chicken - 0,5 kg. As to the egg-laying of these birds, it is not high - about 80 eggs per year. Eggs have a white shell and a mass of about 25 gr.
This breed was bred in England and Germany from large breeds, moose-feet and silk dwarf hens. Dark, light, kuropatacho-yellow and kuropatchato-blue brahmas with rich plumage can decorate any yard. Due to the feathering on the feet of these birds suited sandy soil or trimmed grass during the paddock.
Chickens minced dwarf species of brahma are quite tall and strong, they tolerate low temperatures quite well, although it is not recommended to release them in the snow. The hen weighs on average 1.1 kg, the cock - 1.3 kg. Eggplant is 80-100 eggs per year, eggs have a shell of light brown color and a mass of about 35 gr.
This breed looks like a large Oryol chicken with a dense constitution. The head of these birds resembles the head of fighting cocks. The chest is wide, the body is muscular, the legs are tall and strong. By the color they are snow-white, dark, brown, cotton. These birds are active and mobile, like all dwarf species.
Chickens are unpretentious. The weight of the chicken is 0.6 kg, the rooster is 0.8 kg. Eggplant of the breed is 80-100 eggs per year. One egg weighs more than 37 grams.
This breed of chickens arose long ago with the improvement of the Polish crested chicken. A distinctive feature of these birds is a white fluffy tuft on the head. The color may be white, black or blue. These handsome men can be not only decoration, performing decorative functions, but also to give a sufficient number of eggs and meat.
The egg-whiteness of Dutch white-hens exceeds the average and is 100-140 eggs per year. Eggs rather large - 50 gr. The shell is white. But also the weight of these birds rather big - hens weigh 1,5-2 kg, roosters - 2-2,5 kg.
This attractive breed comes from the Land of the Rising Sun. A neat trunk with short legs and a lush high tail give these birds a special charm. To preserve the beauty of the plumage, the area for walking should be clean and well maintained.
Chickens can be with a smooth, silky or curly feather. Color they can have the following: white, yellow, blue, black, white black-tailed, black in white speckled, yellow with black tail, golden, partridge, wheat, with golden neck, porcelain, silver, birch.
The birds are small, the weight of the chicken is 0.5 kg, the female is 0.6 kg. Eggplant is small - 80 eggs per year with a mass of eggs with a white shell 30 gr.
Chickens dwarf small breeds are famous for their good egg laying, but not for aesthetic appeal. A distinctive feature of the breed is holoshest. The chickens hatch already without a gun on their necks. Over time, the skin coarsens and turns red. Chickens are very hardy, they tolerate heat very well and withstand frost. Coloring of birds can be very diverse.
The hen weighs about 0.7 kg, the rooster weighs 0.8 kg. The reason for the popularity of the breed is its excellent egg production with such a small amount - from 120 eggs per year, with the mass of eggs with a white shell of 30 grams.
These miniature English chicken attract many poultry farmers. Their body is neat, rounded. The feathered plumage gives these birds a special charm. Their character is also noteworthy: they are funny, fighting, fervent, these birds are trusting and perfectly tamed. Color - silver and gold.
Siburite hens weigh only 450 grams. and cockerels - 500 gr. The egg shell is yellowish, the average egg weight is 30 g. Eggplant is 80 eggs per year.
The breed of Kohinchin dwarf chickens is also known under the names of Beijing bentamka and cochin Bentham. This independent ornamental breed was excavated for the imperial gardens. The plumage is soft, plentiful. Because of this, the hens seem more massive, rounded. Dwarf cochins are quickly tamed, they are good hens. Their color can be white, black, striped, pale yellow, blue, birch, grouse, brown with horseshoe fringing. There is a curly variety.
The weight of laying hens is 0,7 kg, of hens - 0,8 kg. Eggplant is small - up to 80 eggs weighing about 30 g. The color of the shell is gentle, from light brown to cream.
Chickens dwarf leggorne are characterized by high egg production. The color of the birds is white, the size is small. The weight of an adult cock is 1.7 kg, of a hen - 1.4 kg. They are a miniature copy of a large breed. Birds hardy, strong, mobile. Fertilization of eggs and survival of chicks are high, however, the breeds are bad. An incubator is used for breeding.
Dwarf leggorms are planted not only on small farmsteads, but also on farms and poultry farms. Eggplant of these kids is simply amazing - up to 260 large 60-gram eggs a year. The chickens start to swing already from four months.
Chickens dwarf wyandot are a form of ordinary Wyandot. To date, the smaller form is so popular that its livestock significantly exceeds the number of normal forms. There are many varieties of color: black, white, yellow, blue, golden, partridge, silver, golden- and silvery, white-gold, blue-gold, multi-colored.
Weight of males is 1 kg, chickens - 0.8 kg. The egg is 100 eggs weighing 45 grams. in year. Eggs have a yellow-brown shell.
For many domestic breeders the advantages of chickens of small breeds are becoming more obvious. Gradually, small motley birds appear even in the most conservative poultry farmers, because their content is more economically profitable.