Rats: breeds of rats
A fairly common and popular species of animals are rats. Rocks of rats differ in variety. They live side by side for thousands of years. In the eastern countries, these respected animals are in special esteem. They also benefit a lot for science, since a large number of experiments are carried out on rats.
Types of decorative rats
To date, the popularity of decorative rats is increasing, which in many respects differ from conventional rats and have a fairly extensive classification. Currently, there are 137 species of these animals, of which a large number belong to the class of those who are kept at home and take care of them, like pets. Rats are smart, easy to train and very quickly get used to the owner.
Rats of the "standard" type
They represent the most numerous and popular group. Rats of the "standard" breed are spread all over the world, therefore it is impossible to determine the main area of their habitat. It is worth noting that it is from this type that many other varieties have occurred. Characteristic signs of rats of this class:
- a fairly long body, which, moreover, is large (massive);
- short hair;
- wide ears;
- long tail with a characteristic hairline.
The rat's weight ranges from 300 to 500 grams and, as a rule, depends on the sex of the animal, as well as on the quality of nutrition.
Species of decorative rats with this name have a special difference - it is an elongated coat that is rather dense and rough, but amazingly shiny. It is worth noting that the color of rats of this class can be different, since there is no specific shade, characteristic only for them. For all other signs, such as body weight, length, this breed is similar to the rest. The main habitat of "satin" rats are, as a rule, Europe and the United States.
Rat of the breed "Rex"
At first glance, these individuals are similar to small shaggy animals. This is due primarily to the fact that they do not lay their coat, like all other varieties, but, on the contrary, stick out in different directions, thus creating a kind of ruffling. This makes the rat very attractive and funny. If you look closely at the hairline, you can also notice that on the back of the hair has characteristic curls. For such external signs, this breed of rats is considered the most original among all the others.
The breed "dambo"
This category of rats is different from everyone else with its ears. They are much lower in dambo rats than in all other breeds. They are also characterized by a more rounded shape and larger sizes. Rats of the "dambo" breed can be of different color and shade, and also have wool of any type.
It is worth noting that such an interesting name of the breed is taken from the cartoon Walt Disney. A somewhat elongated tail and trunk, resembling the shape of a pear, are additional distinguishing features of this rat. The breed of rats "dambo" has very high requirements for content. They do not tolerate dust well, so their cages need to be kept in special purity: change litter more often, wash and disinfect the rat tray.
Rocks of rats: rare
Naked rats - this breed is much rarer than the rest. The main feature and characteristic external sign is the complete absence on the body of any hair cover. But still a small amount of wool can be seen on separate parts of the body. This is the head, paws and stomach. It is worth noting that the body can also observe vibrissae, although in many cases they may be absent. On the scalp, as a rule, there is a barely noticeable wrinkling.
Tailless rats - the very name of the breed speaks for itself. In other words, the distinctive feature of such rats is the total absence of the tail. Another feature is related to the shape of her body, which resembles a pear. Tailless rats are smart enough and active animals in comparison with other breeds. Representatives of this particular class can be of three types according to the hairline: with curly hair, classic or without wool. Tailless rats are found in various colors.
Raznologazye rats are animals that have eyes of different colors. It is believed that in nature, you can find only three color pairs of eyes in rats: black, ruby dark shade and red. It is necessary to remember one important detail: the more intense the contrast between the color palette of the eyes, the more expensive the animal will cost.
Three-color rats - breeds of rats with such color, many know as "mosaic". They are considered to be valuable and unique, as in nature it is very rare to find a rat with a characteristic tricolor coat color. It is worth noting that the color mosaic of this breed can be very diverse, but it always has a white color or a very light shade. A distinctive feature of such rats is the fact that by inheritance this color mosaic is not transmitted, therefore, in a three-colored rat, the offspring can be monochrome.
Having decided to get yourself a representative of any breed of domestic rats, remember that these animals in a short time become completely tame and do not even bite. But they require a lot of attention, as well as care and careful care.In nutrition, these animals are unpretentious. With pleasure eat both ready-made food from the store, and ordinary food. The main thing is that the diet should contain products of vegetable origin. It is based on cereals, cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits. Feed these animals twice a day. Since rats are nocturnal animals, most of the feed is usually left overnight.
Like any other pet, they eventually become attached to a person, have their own habits and characteristics. It is sad that the rat age is very short. Rocks of rats (representatives of almost any species) have a lifespan of a maximum of 3 years. Therefore, it is recommended to take an animal aged no more than 1.5 months. Today even the holding of exhibitions of rodents of different breeds is becoming popular, on which the jury selects worthy for improvement of the breed of individuals, awarding them with prizes and diplomas.