Red-tailed Jaco: description, conditions, diet
Fans of tame birds very often choose for home maintenance red-tailed Jaco. The fact that this bird has extraordinary mental abilities. It's simple enough to teach to talk. But as for the content, then the matter is not so simple, after all it's a bird, not a home toy. So before buying you should examine the needs of red-tailed Jaco at home.
The acquisition of parrot
The problems for owners of birds arise from a lack of accurate information regarding the content of the feathered. Many sources say that red-tailed Jaco unpretentious home. However, this is a misunderstanding. Red-tailed parrot Jaco is not a toy, and not even a Canary, and is a serious bird that needs constant care and training.
The first difficulty can occur at the stage of buying birds. The fact that the official trapping of Jaco is very limited, the count is captured and sold to individuals. Therefore, a flourishing black market for these birds.
Poachers usually sell young birds. Wild parrots are offered under the form of young individuals. And people buy them without knowing that they are going to know all the complexity of education age of the bird. Well, if it be not absolutely wild and bitter, because this instance of re is impossible. Age Jaco, unfortunately, you can only define up to six years.
Nuances about which you should know
Abroad, there are special nurseries where bred these parrots. That they sold Chicks red-tailed Jaco. Of course, the price for the bird is through the roof, so people in contact with dubious traders.
An honest seller will never recommend to buy Jacko a man who has no experience caring for large parrots. If you keep the bird in the cage only and not to train her mind, then she will develop neuroses. In such a situation, a parrot will begin to terrorize others.
If you have the time and desire to engage in such a serious bird like red-tailed Jaco (photo in article), it is possible to educate yourself a good true friend. This manual parrot is very attached to his owner and even his jealous. Because red-tailed Jaco has a high intelligence, so it can teach a variety of games, human speech and imitate. In captivity Jacko lives up to forty years.
Red-tailed Jaco: description
Jaco is probably the most unattractive look of all the big talking parrots. He has very bright plumage, such as the macaw, so beautiful and spectacular photos with him will not work. The basic tone of the feathers grey, it can have different shades, from light to darker. Thanks to a coloring of the bird is also called the African grey parrot. Bright accent in the plumage is a red tail.
Jaco red-tailed hawk is a large bird. In length from head to tail, it reaches forty centimeters. Adult parrots the iris is yellow in colour. Typically, males slightly larger than females, but the gender distinction is reliably possible only by making analysis (DNA testing). Chicks have a little darker the color of the feathers and the iris. With age, they become lighter.
Red-tailed Jaco (photo in article) in nature lives in tropical thickets near rivers. Night parrots flock to the trees. They live in small groups, but cause significant damage to agricultural plantations. In nesting, the birds are divided into pairs and before the end of the feeding nestlings retire.
Red-tailed parrot of zhako very careful and vociferous. Birds afraid of people, because they are being hunted for meat and Chicks for sale. Jacko don't fly, their numbers are considerably reduced because of poaching. Hunting is also a bright tail feathers. They are used not only as jewelry but also for magical rituals.
In the last century, birds lived in large noisy flocks, but now they live only in small groups.
The talents of Jaco
It is believed that Jaco is the most talented parrots, capable of onomatopoeia. Bird, on average, can remember more than a hundred revolutions of human speech. Numerous studies PhD Irene Pepperberg proved that birds associate words with objects that they represent. In addition, they perceive colors, shapes, numbers and even zero. Speaking of red-tailed Jaco is quite common. Many birds to two or three years are already starting to speak some.
Wild birds are very loud behave. They squeal, scream, whistle, loud click of the beak. Setting the stage for a bird, remember that at home she will behave the same. Many are annoyed but this is the nature of parrots. So you should think carefully before taking such a pet.
Often parrots repeating the sounds they hear around them. It can be sound signals appliances, alarm, intercom, barking dogs and meowing cats.
Red-tailed Jaco: care
Jaco had Pets among the ancient Romans and Greeks, i.e. about 4000 years ago. In those days only rich and noble people could afford to own such a beautiful talking bird. One of the most famous owners of this parrot was Henry VIII. How to lead in captivity, red-tailed Jaco, what to feed this bird? Such questions most often asked by newbies who first encounter with this rather large bird. In fact, a parrot is not very demanding. Red-tailed Jaco, a diet which contains no exotic foods, eats a variety of fruits, berries, vegetables, nuts, and greens. But remember that birds can not tolerate drafts and do not like tobacco smoke.
Communication with the pet
But what demanding Jaco, so it is to the attention of the person. Birds are very social. For a full life they need to communicate with the owner they trust, not less than a few hours. The longer they chat, the better.
To win the full confidence of the parrot and his attachment is not so simple. You have to put a lot of effort and spend a lot of time. But when you manage to make friends, you will not regret about spent hours.
Jacquot adaptation to the new environment and to new people can be very long. The length of this period depends on many factors: individual characteristics, age of the bird, time and effort spent by the owners on their pet. Immediately after purchasing a parrot it is best left alone. It needs to adjust to new surroundings. Of cells is not worth it to release, it is also necessary to trace the contacts of birds with other Pets, if any.
Young birds very quickly get used to people. In General, the boy has such features as the necessity of choosing for themselves a leader, no matter is human society, or a flock of birds. How quickly the parrot will get used to the owner and will be tame, depends on how much time he devotes.
The rules of communication
Parrot is not a decorative toy. Therefore, habitat for red-tailed Jaco may not be the permanent residence. The bird is not constantly it keep. Since Jacko is in need of constant communication, and outside the cage he should not get bored and be left to himself.
A parrot may very well reproduce human speech. Therefore, we can easily hasten the moment when the bird begins to talk. To do this, some time to devote to learning the conversation. Lessons should not be too long, better to spend a few short sessions for a couple of minutes.
Words must be spoken separately and clearly. In addition, it is better to use words or phrases only when they are appropriate for the situation. If your house already has talking birds, Jaco will be able to learn speech. But on the other hand, a talking parrot and he can teach the beginner to speak.
The important point is that you need to teach your pet not only to communicate with the person, but also to entertain himself. This is necessary to ensure that Jaco could play while you're not home. To do this, buy pet toys and regularly change them. With a lack of attention on the part of man the boy can develop psychological problems that can cause feather plucking.
Where to put a cage pet?
Parrots need at least ten hours of darkness and complete silence. These birds tend to get used to the place, so very painfully react on his change. Moreover, even minor changes in a familiar environment already nervous about the parrot.
Red-tailed Jaco, the conditions of which, on the one hand, simple, and with another — require the implementation of certain rules, does not like to be in a draught or near a heating appliance. The cage should have a well-lit area, but it should not be a windowsill, because the open space and bright light are also a cause of discomfort.
One side of the cell must join the wall below was a zone of tranquility. In the kitchen and in the bedroom to place the bird is not necessary — it does not correspond to hygienic norms. In addition, the cell positioning is necessary so that communication with Jaco was at eye level.
The shape and size of cells
The parrot cage should be large enough that the bird, while on a perch, could spread their wings, wave to them and thus nothing to catch.
The cage should be stainless steel. Between the rods should be such a distance to Jaco was not able to stick his head. You need to remember that a parrot will break, bend, crush, Unscrew everything he gets. Therefore, the cage must be very strong. Close it firmly, even on the clasp, as the bird has a special trick when opening all sorts of locks.
A healthy parrot has a smooth and dense coat, clean the feathers on her belly, shining bright eyes, smooth beak, a well-nourished breast, feet without damage, calm breathing. Unfortunately, like all birds, are prone to ailments and red-tailed Jaco. The disease may manifest itself as follows: the reduction reaction on the events, noblenet, stuck with feathers, shallow breathing, bulging of the sternum bones, the hollowness of the abdomen, peeling beak, feces on the legs.
Parrots, there is a constant loss of small amounts of fluff. It is quite a normal process. But in periods of moulting of down becomes greater. Dry indoor air can lead to increased formation of dandruff.
The most important part of grooming is the bath. Jacko just love the water. Frequent bathing (preferably daily) helps to preserve the natural structure of feathers, the Horny integument and skin, clearing them from dust and dirt. Birds can be sprayed with a spray gun, also put in the cage trays with water, and even bathe under a weak pressure in the shower. You need to remember that to teach a parrot must be carefully and gradually so as not to scare Jacko. If a trust relationship already established, and the parrot allows you to take him up or at least gets on the stick, it can be attributed to the bathroom there and wash thoroughly until complete wetting of the feathers. If the bird you are still not very trust, taking a shower, you can arrange directly with cage. Wash not only Jacko, but his house.
The process of drying, the feathers certainly is accompanied by increased heat, for that reason parrot needs to dry in a warm place (the temperature should be not less than 20 degrees).
One of the highlights is the creation of optimal light conditions. In the summer everything is much easier, the sun is enough, only need pritenyat the cell from the direct rays. But in the winter the lack of light will have to compensate for a fluorescent lamp. Their use gives excellent results.
All parrots can get sick, is not an exception Jaco red-tailed hawk. The swelling of the cheeks is one of the possible diseases, which is caused by infection. Your doctor may prescribe vitamins and medications that will help translate purulent focus in the solid state and then the tumor is removed. Sometimes you need antibiotics, but pre-tests. In addition, adults are very often subject to benign tumors. Sometimes they reach such a size that interfere to move the bird, then it is removed. It is absolutely not dangerous to Jaco.
Puberty Jacko reach in the fifth year of life. But if from birth they are held in captivity, the process may be delayed. However, pairs are formed at the age of three. Ideal conditions for matching are the natural conditions. Their likeness can be reproduced, by placing the birds in one cage, and then observe the behavior of parrots. Gradually you will see someone who prefers. Ready a couple can be deposited separately.
But it makes sense to ensure heterosexuality partners, because Jacko can form and same-sex couples. The main characteristic of education of sympathy is the process of feeding Jaco each other from the beak.
The appearance of Chicks
Mating season parrots lasts from October to may, and sometimes nesting occurs in July. Couple to reside separately, they put a box or a hole that will act as a nest. The clutch Jaco, usually from three to five eggs which they lay for a few days. The process of incubation lasts 28-30 days. Doing it the female, and the male guards the nest and feeds his mate. Hatch Chicks every few days. The first hours they were not fed, and then the female gives them their goiter milk. During this period you need to give more food to the birds, and it needs to include a greater number of proteins the concentration of which it is better to reduce the measure of extension of the young.
The first week the Chicks themselves can not raise its head is very heavy, so the female's beak turns back and pours milk. First, the male helps to feed, it is allowed to process only ten days. Young opens his eyes from the tenth to the eighteenth day. Another four weeks the female will always be about kids and not to leave them. And then a male and female fly together and bring the food to the kiddies.
You can try to bring up Chicks and raise them in the incubator. But it is a complicated process. Feed them all the time have with a spoon. First they give drop by drop the water from the saline solution, then add liquid baby food (Apple or banana). In the first week the food should be liquid and heated. As the Chicks grow older their needs and in food. Gradually the portions need to increase. Food should no longer be liquid. Imagine that during the first weeks the calves should be fed every two hours. Two weeks later, the interval is six hours. And six weeks feeding happens twice a day.
Easier to get the parents of the baby at the age of one or one and a half months and then manually independently of its supplementation, if you plan to do your pet. The Chicks are in constant contact with nursing him a man very quickly become tame. In this case, kids are better to contact with a large number of people. This has a positive effect on the behavior of birds. But this method has its shortcomings. The fact that the grown so Jaco is experiencing difficulties in the establishment of pair and breeding. A bit to smooth this effect by the simultaneous growing of several Chicks.