Red Rosella: maintenance and care
One of the most popular birds captivated the hearts of many lovers of the exotic, is red Rosella. Attracted by the beautiful colouring, simplicity, rapid habituation to the new place and the pleasant voice of this small parrot — the indigenous people of Australia.
This bird is the largest of all members of the genus Rossella and perhaps the most beautiful. The torso of an adult covered with dark Carmine plumage in which bright spots are highlighted with blue wings and tail, the same color neck and chin. The backrest resembles scales. Such impression is created of black feathers with a red border. Young Rosella are mostly green in color. Red color is only visible on the throat, forehead and undertail. Males differ from females by a larger head and wide base of upper mandible. The size of the birds is from 32 to 36 cm, of which almost half is its tail.
In natural habitat red Rosella inhabits mainly forest areas, unlike other species of parrots of the genus, which prefer to inhabit savannas and steppes. The last time the birds can be found in gardens and city parks located on the Australian continent. For sockets they use hollow trees. It is important that it's deep and can be placed very close to the surface of the earth. For 25 days the female incubates the eggs the male at this time obtains for her food. Parrots like to eat apples, pears and other sweet fruits, sometimes making raids on orchards. At the same time they destroy insect pests than useful.
Red Rosella parrot, which flies pretty bad. So long distances, these birds are unable to overcome. Cold they are not afraid, and Rosella can throughout the winter to dwell on the height of 2 thousand meters.
The conditions of detention
For a comfortable stay in this species of parrots in captivity, they should be clean, dry and spacious room (preferably an aviary), protected from drafts. This can be a large cage the size not less than 1.5 x 1 x 1 m. the Bird should be able to move freely, so it is necessary to release it to fly around the room. Before that you need to take care of the security measures is to close and shuttered Windows, all mirrors and glass to veil, to remove the objects on which the bird could get hurt. The lack of movement, constantly being in a confined space can cause various diseases and even lead to death.
Red Rosella loves to swim. To do this, put a special container with clean water. Its size must match the size of the bird. You want the room where Rozelle, was warm and dry. The humidity should not exceed 70%. This species of parrots are capable of without consequences to tolerate temperatures to minus 10 ° C, optimum is 20 ⁰C. Day time winter extended with additional lighting up to 18 hours a day.
The choice of cells
Spacious house where the parrot will feel safe and at the same time comfortable enough — one of the most important circumstances of his detention. The ideal option is to make an enclosure with a width of 4 meters. Not all owners have the opportunity, so you have to stay on the choice of cells. You need to pay attention to the following points:
- The bottom of the cage should be made. This will facilitate the maintenance of order within it.
- The distance between the bars not exceeding 2 cm.
- The absence of lead in paint (the stuff for parrots very toxic).
In a cage it is necessary to arrange the interior space so that felt comfortable to her Rosella red. A photo of one of the options can be found in this article. On the bottom place a layer of calcined river sand or sawdust of deciduous trees. Drinker, a feeder and bath should be placed at a sufficient distance from each other.
A mandatory element of the house for a parrot — perch. They are placed at such a distance from the rods so that the bird could not injure the tail feathers. As perches you can use twigs of birch or oak. Their thickness should be such that the bird could sit still.
If in nature a major part of the diet of Rosella is the seeds of plants and insects, in captivity it is mostly the grain mixture. In addition, also include animal feed, vegetables, fruits, greens, sprouted grains. Parrots are happy to eat carrots, apples, cucumbers, berries. As mineral supplements are recommended to use crushed seashells, eggshells, and chalk. Food is given in small pieces. The norm for parrot – 2 tablespoons per day.
The great value has the diet during the breeding offspring. Each week, the bird needs to obtain animal food in the form of bloodworms, meal worms, maggots, cheese and milk.
What you can not feed the parrot, red Rosella, so that products from the table fatty, salty and smoked food. Properly organized feeding birds allows them to maintain bright beautiful color and get healthy offspring.
Pick up a pair for a parrot can be difficult. The problem is that these birds are very selective. So sometimes pairing occurs between individuals of different subspecies. For example, if you mix red and ruby Roselli, you can get variegated offspring. Pairing is possible only among individuals older than one year. The breeding period lasts from October until January. In the cell to the selected pair of Roselle is placed a small house (25 x 25 x 40), the bottom of which is made of sawdust. Male, attracting the attention of females, performs a mating dance. He quickly jumps on the perch, spreading bushy tail, it is important paces, accompanying this action characteristic sounds.
The clutch is usually 4 to 8 eggs. As in nature and in captivity, the female incubates them. The male is guarding the nest and the production of food. The incubation period is 25 days. Chicks are born naked and helpless, but after 5 weeks.
Red Rosella capable with good care can live in captivity up to 20 years.