Urticaria in infants: photos, symptoms and treatment
Recently, in pediatric departments, patients with symptoms of urticaria are more often found. This disease does not bypass even newborn children. Their delicate skin, which has not yet got used to the effects of the external environment, is a real target for the pathological process. From this article you will learn what a children's urticaria looks like (photo). Symptoms and treatment in infants of this disease require special attention. Therefore, they will be considered below.
Brief description of pathology
Urticaria is a common skin disease. Usually it is allergic in nature. Penetration of the allergen into the body causes increased production of histamine. This hormone, getting into the blood, leads to an increase in the permeability of the walls of the vessels. Thus, the baby's body tries to get rid of the accumulated allergen independently. The affected skin becomes reddish, and watery bubbles become clearly visible against this background.
To confuse similar rashes with displays of other diseases it is impossible. Therefore, every mother can easily answer, as the urticaria of a baby looks like. The photos presented in the article clearly demonstrate the main symptoms of the disease.
What factors provoke the disease?
The main cause of any allergy, including hives, is an inadequate immune response. In the situation with infants, it usually refers to the immaturity of the protective system. As a result, the body becomes very vulnerable to various irritants.
If the baby is breastfed, the cause of urticaria should be sought in the mother's diet. Often women allow themselves to inaccurate diet and include in the diet especially allergenic foods. Among them are citrus fruits, chocolate, strawberries. More adult babies, who already receive complementary foods, are also prone to skin diseases. Irritant of the immune system in this case you need to look for among food. This can be packaged juices, fruit puree, chicken or fish.
In the role of sources of allergic reaction in infants often act:
- synthetic or wool fabrics;
- pollen, plant juice;
- physical stimuli (sunlight, frost, dry air, sweat);
- stress (for example, the absence of a mother for several hours);
- tobacco smoke;
- medicines (NSAIDs, antibiotics, vitamins);
- wool, drooling animals.
It is worth noting that urticaria in infants is most often due to food allergy. The intestine of the newborn is very different from the main organ of the digestive system in adults. Within a few months after the appearance of crumbs, he remains physiologically undeveloped. Over time, when the child's body and all its systems begin to function fully, the allergy passes. Together with her disappear and signs of hives.
The first manifestations and symptoms
In children under one year, the disease can manifest itself in two forms - acute and chronic. In the first case, symptoms of urticaria are detected within a few hours after contact with the stimulus. Chronic form in newborns is extremely rare. Completely get rid of its manifestations can only half the time.
What hives have symptoms in infants? The main manifestation of the disease is the redness of the skin, which eventually turns into blisters. Rashes may appear on any part of the body. The preferred places for the localization of blisters are considered to be the chin and cheeks, the buttock area, and also the back.
A child may be troubled by abdominal pain, so he becomes excessively capricious and restless. Swelling of the gastrointestinal mucosa is often accompanied by a disorder of the stool, the appearance of vomiting or nausea.
Methods of diagnosis
If the first signs of the disease occur, you need to contact the pediatrician. And tell me what hives look like in a baby, photo. Symptoms of an allergic reaction allow the doctor to easily diagnose correctly. However, before the appointment of treatment, a small patient must undergo a comprehensive examination.
It begins with the collection of anamnesis and a survey of the mother. It is important for a doctor to know when the first signs of a disorder have appeared, what medicines the child takes, what it feeds on. Then they go on to specific diagnostic methods. These include allergological and immunological tests, blood and urine tests, as well as ultrasound examination.
Hives should be differentiated from other pathological processes that have a similar clinical picture. Based on the results of the survey, the pediatrician prescribes treatment and gives advice on caring for the baby.
Basic principles of therapy
Urticaria in infants is a complex disease that requires an integrated approach to treatment.
First you need to eliminate contact with the allergen. For this it is necessary to revise the diet of the newborn. You will probably need to change the brand of diapers and limit contact with pets.
The next stage of therapy is purification of the body. For this, the baby can be made a clyster. The presented recommendations usually make it possible to alleviate the condition of a child with a diagnosis of urticaria.
In a baby, medication is not always accompanied by a positive dynamics. Drugs are used in extreme cases, when rashes on the body long enough do not pass. Usually, small patients are prescribed antihistamines (Fenistil, Avil). They eliminate the itching and rash. To clean the intestines, pediatricians recommend Enterosgel or Smecta. The action of these drugs is aimed at the absorption of toxic substances in the body.
It is worth noting that only a doctor can prescribe medication. Any preparations strongly oppress the immune system of the baby, therefore to their help resort in exceptional cases. The above means are not capable of eliminating the cause of the disorder. They are exceptionally symptomatic.
Proper nutrition of the baby is the key to a quick recovery. Medicinal products help to reduce the amount of rashes and remove puffiness. However, no medication will not allow to achieve a positive result, when the body constantly receives substances-allergens.
If urticaria in the baby is caused by a food, you will have to adhere to a strict diet for 2-4 weeks. Usually in such cases, milk and vegetable nutrition is prescribed. In the diet it is allowed to include cottage cheese and yogurt, steam vegetables, rice porridge on water and turkey meat. Such recommendations on nutrition are valid for both the baby and his mother during lactation.
Urgent help with urticaria
Urticaria in the baby is accompanied by a slight swelling of the skin and characteristic rashes. As a rule, these manifestations of the disease do not pose a threat to the life of the child. The most dangerous condition, which in rare cases is observed with an allergic reaction, is the angioedema.
It is characterized by the appearance of a paroxysmal cough, blueing of the nasolabial triangle. The child at this moment begins to panic. If you do not help him in time, an inoffensive illness can result in a fatal outcome.
What should parents do in this situation? It is necessary to immediately call a team of medical workers. If the family has a car, and doctors wait a long time, you can take the child to the hospital on your own. The main thing - you can not leave the baby without attention.
Methods of prevention
Urticaria is a rather unpleasant disease that causes discomfort to the newborn. Is it possible to prevent its development?
- As prevention of an ailment, doctors recommend that from the first days of life, crumbs be engaged in strengthening its immunity. What procedures for this will work, the district pediatrician should tell.
- If the baby is breastfed, the mother should adhere to the principles of proper nutrition. Her diet should consist of Lenten products only. Citrus, sweets and pastries are prohibited.
- New products should also be introduced into the supplements with caution and gradually.
- It is necessary to minimize contact of the newborn with pets.
Now you know what hives have symptoms in the baby. Treatment of this disorder should be started only after consultation with the pediatrician. At the initial stage the disease is well amenable to therapy.