Computer addiction in adolescents
With the development of computer technologies there is a huge amount of new problems. One of them is computer addiction in adolescents. This is what I want to tell you in this article.
What is it?
It would seem that the child currently plays computer games, so what? At home peace and quiet. However, modern psychologists say that today, more and more children of Junior, middle and senior school ages are becoming dependent on computer. What does this mean? In principle, the characteristics of all addictions are similar. If the addict day and night looking to score, then the child can look forward to the hour when he allowed the parents to sit at the computer. At this time the child most often finds no place, can't nothing else to do, toils in a house or apartment. It is worth saying that this problem needs to be treated, or there might be negative consequences.
I should say that the term "computer addiction" is quite young, he appeared around 1990, when actively began to develop the computer industry. Defines the term the human condition, which he just can't live without this machine, swiping in front of her monitor all of your free time. However, since then the addiction itself is somewhat transformed and acquired new elements and forms, becoming a problem not units, and many people of different ages.
What can be interesting is information about why you may experience computer addiction in adolescents. So, first and foremost, this is the usual lack of attention from parents and peers that the child compensates by using this here other. Now, in a time when very popular are the various social networks, this problem has become even more urgent: the child creates a new image, acquires with friends and lives is not real and the virtual life. In this case, not talking about gambling, but about Internet addiction of the child. What else could chase a teenager in a different world? Lack of confidence in their abilities, it is also possible dissatisfaction with one's appearance (especially if there are any abnormalities). Often children "hooked" on the computer, not to different from their peers (most often here we are talking about gambling addiction, however, with the development of social networks, this trend is changing). To occupy all the free time in the computer, the child may, if he has no passions or Hobbies, and free time is necessary where-that to attach. And, of course, contributes to the development of various dependencies, the manner of communication in the family, education. If the child is in day is behind a computer no more than two hours (and should be), then it will simply fail to become Internet addicted.
The main danger
It is important to say that computer addiction among teenagers is a dangerous business that can lead to serious consequences. First and foremost, being in the virtual world, people almost never adequately does not control the real time, is often late. The child may constantly skip school, skip classes. A huge problem is the level of aggression that can arise during a computer game. If a teenager something fails, there is a storm of emotions gradually destabilized and shaken psyche. This same child moves in the real world, communicating this way with their immediate environment: parents and friends. Affect the future can and what in a computer game, sooner or later, the teenager is always possible, if not the first time, with the n-th exactly. The child may decide that in real life everything is so easily obtained. And it is fraught with consequences and strong disappointment in the adult real life. Computer addiction in adolescents and impact on health. So, what exactly disturbed vision, can be vitamin deficiency and other problems associated with malnutrition (a teenage boy with a computer addiction often normally do not eat, living only snacks). Usually a dependent child does not follow their appearance, does not observe rules of personal hygiene.
The types of dependencies
I should say that there are different dependence on computer games. So, today is Internet addiction when the child can not live without the virtual world, and gambling. In turn, dependence on computer games is divided into game types. So, this role-playing gamers when a person looks at the game through the eyes of his hero (not less dangerous are those games when the child looks at the character from outside)
One may experience the problem of computer addiction? So, first and foremost those children whose parents often are not home, and the child is just left to himself. The same applies to children of rich parents, who are also often alone at home or with the staff, the councils of which they just don't listen. More dependent adolescent boys (according to statistics, for 10 boys only one dependent child), regarding age, the most dangerous – 12-15 years.
That would entail dependence?
Dependence on computer games can lead to many negative consequences. So, in the first place, the child will gradually decrease the circle, which will lead to complete isolation of a teenager in real life, with all its consequences. Can also be irreversible changes health. So, is the impairment of metabolism might obesity of various degrees. Over time, exactly disturbed and unstable mind. It is important to say that all the problems gamers adolescence risk to go into adulthood. And this can lead to huge negative consequences. Also, the child may begin to steal, because often the Internet or games require a certain fee. And this is punishable under the law.
How is addiction?
After watching addicted, interesting and scary conclusions made by psychologists. Chemical and computer addiction: symptoms, they are almost the same. Such people, such as when the desired goal sharply narrowed pupils. Children also begin to do poorly in school, not take care of themselves and their appearance, gain (different degrees of obesity due to improper diet) or lose weight (just forget or get lazy time to eat), unable to do anything else, if you have free time. To avoid such a scenario, all you need to do: not let your baby to TV until the age of three, and the computer and longer to about 10 years. At this age and there is a predisposition to different kinds of dependencies. However, in our time to do this, unfortunately, is almost impossible.
The mechanism of addictive behavior
Addictive, i.e. dependent behaviour is formed by the child by withdrawing from real life to virtual with application and without application of various chemical means. The process is based on the fact that the child away from the real roles, replacing them with virtual ones that is more convenient for him or even close in spirit. The game or the Internet, in essence, compensate for the child what he lacks in real life. So, if a person is weak physically and can not give peers back, it will have a computer game addiction. Adolescents who do not have enough communication in real life, there is a dependence on social networking, where you can try on different roles and masks (there may be a problem of identity that have consequences), to be friends with people who, at first glance, always understand. Over time, however, there may come a disappointment, because often these friends imaginary and in particular, support in a difficult moment will not wait on them.
How to avoid addiction?
To avoid any dependence Teens from computer games, from the Internet, you need to follow are quite simple, but effective rules. So, it is necessary to accurately adjust the time spent in front of the monitor, while parents are not forbidden to control, what does the offspring of the Internet. A huge impact has the personal example of adults: if dad spends all his free time in front of the monitor, it is not surprising that the child will do the same. Still need to plan the free time of the family: to spend more time together outdoors. What other method do you accept prevention of computer addiction in adolescents? Good to load your child as much as possible: send to clubs, to tutoring, to spend more time studying. Then on games and various dependencies just won't have time. As a radical method, it is possible to limit kid's computer with various programs that is aimed.
Identifying the signs of computer addiction in adolescents, parents should immediately take action. So, it is good to go to therapy with him to make a plan of action. Because parents often do the wrong thing, wanting your child only the good. For example, it is not recommended to abruptly ban computer games, it is no good will not result. It is better to do consistently, slowly reducing the time spent in front of the monitor. It is also necessary to control what games are relished your child. After all, they are not all bad, there are good fats that develop the intelligence and even have an educational component. And not all of the time spent in front of computer monitor, can be called a dependency because the child is using the Internet can simply learn.
The important point is the treatment of computer addiction in adolescents. I should say that it will be accompanied by a "relapse", which, incidentally, can be quite painful not only for children but also for adults. Parents will have to withstand a few attacks from Chad: they can be not only verbal, but also reach physical. The child may also begin to persuade parents to let play at least half an hour, while promising to anything. Not worth going on about, because so do drug addicts, never keeping his word. The position of the parents must be clear and unwavering. At this time parents will also have hard, because you need to be for his child entertainment element to keep the baby at least for a time forget your passion. More communication and joint Affairs – that one of the elements of treatment. You also need to change the order of the day, getting used to which is not so quick. Often, parents may give up if they don't see improvements. However, to give it it's not worth it, because sooner or later the improvement will come, just need to wait. Well, if nothing happens, the treatment of computer addiction in adolescents is best done with the help of specialists.
Whatever the causes of computer addiction in the child, to help deal with it should the immediate environment. So, the main role is played, of course, the parents that all forces have to leave to get the kid out into the real world. However, this case you need to attract friends, classmates, and friends of the child, to that time, he knew that he was not alone, that, in addition to virtual, he has a real interesting life. But to succeed, you need to organize interesting meetings, nature, travel and holidays. But the most important rule how to deal with addiction is its recognition. Close the environment should show the teenager that he was sick, that he has a problem, the child needs to understand it, and only then the treatment will be adequate, and the results are visible.