Komarovsky: pneumonia without temperature
Quite often young parents have to face the fact that their children, being still very young, get pneumonia. The condition is very dangerous, it can cause serious consequences. That's why you need to start treatment immediately. This is how Dr. Eugene Komarovsky advises all mothers and fathers. Pneumonia is an infectious disease that affects lung tissue. In most cases, infection occurs by airborne droplets. Let's try to figure out what signs of a pathology a person has, how one can get sick, what an effective treatment is and what needs to be done for prevention.
Pediatric pneumonia: what is it?
Parents who are worried about their babies often seek advice or help from Yevgeniy Olegovich Komarovsky, a medical doctor and candidate of medical sciences. For several years he gives very valuable advice on how to have the right approach to treating babies.
That's why moms and dads claim that Komarovsky is the real wizard of our time. Pneumonia is characterized by infection with various bacteria, viruses and fungi. In the common people it is called pneumonia.
Because of what kid can get sick?
Before starting a cure, it is necessary to understand what caused the onset of the disease, because for each type of infection a specific program for destruction was developed. So, in order:
- The kid got pneumonia because of the virus getting into the body. There are a huge number of microorganisms that can cause symptoms of the disease: measles, influenza A and B, adenovirus, parainfluenza and so on. So the inflammatory process begins in the lungs.
- There is bacterial pneumonia. It is caused by various types of bacteria - Staphylococcus aureus, legionella, pneumococcus and others. This form of the disease is much more dangerous than the previous one.
- Pneumomycosis, or pneumonia of fungal origin. This is a rather insidious and dangerous disease that causes pathogenic fungi. At first, you can not guess that the child is sick. At first, this form of pneumonia can not be distinguished from banal inflammation. But when the exacerbation begins, the lung tissue is damaged and cavities are formed. Quite a frequent reason for this disease is inappropriate treatment, in which antibiotics are used.
That's why you first need to figure out which form of pneumonia the baby has, and only then begin the complex treatment. All this is done not only for the karapuz to get to his feet as soon as possible, but also in order not to harm him with the wrong purpose.
Define the first symptoms of the disease
And here we will help Eugene Komarovsky. Pneumonia is a dangerous disease, especially for gonads. A well-known pediatrician often said that the symptoms typical for this disease are often confused with the usual flu or respiratory viral diseases. Inflammation of the lungs does not begin immediately, but during the unhindered development of the pathological process. Therefore, it is not immediately possible to notice the first signs of this disease. In the initial stage (during the first few days) the body temperature rises all the time.
This is how in most cases, pneumonia begins in children. Symptoms and treatment Komarovsky describes in as much detail as possible. Therapy should be appropriate to the condition of the baby. Subfebrile hyperthermia can be for two to three days, and there will be no positive result from the use of antipyretic drugs. In parallel with this, the baby can sweat and almost nothing to eat.
From hyperthermia to drowsiness
But the first symptoms do not cause significant harm, as the following, I'm sure Eugene Komarovsky. Pneumonia in children continues with a heavy breathing and possible manifestations of dyspnoea. In some cases, parents can hear characteristic wheezing when the baby is sucking in air. He begins to worry for no apparent reason.
Nervous state, which continues to be a child, leads to the fact that his night's sleep is broken, and the recovery is much slower than I would like to mom and dad. The consequence of this is a decrease in physical activity, the baby is much more tired, he is "attacked" by a drowsy condition.
Attention: newborns are in danger!
As Dr. Komarovsky says, pneumonia begins to develop after some types of virus have entered the surface of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx or the respiratory lumen. The main pathogens, because of which this disease begins to develop, are streptococci, hemophilia and staphylococci.
After getting harmful bacteria into the baby's body, they develop under favorable conditions. The consequence is edema of the affected lung tissue, a significant decrease in the amount of oxygen that enters the rest of the organs, a deterioration in their functioning and motility. Due to the fact that the liquid has condensed inside the cells and swelling of the alveoli has occurred, there is pneumonia. The baby's breathing system works with huge difficulties.
Not all types of infection can contribute to the development of a severe condition with pneumonia. But if there is a respiratory complication, then in the absence of necessary and adequate treatment, the disease can develop into pneumonia.
The most unprotected are children who have not reached one year, explains Komarovsky. Pneumonia in the baby can be quite difficult. He has weakened the immune system, and the peculiarities of the structure of the respiratory system, too, can not be discounted. Newborn babies have small lumens of the trachea, larynx and very narrow nasal passages. In addition to this, the tissues of their lungs are too sensitive, and the mucous membrane is still thin and fragile. When the causative agent of the disease enters the surface of the epithelium or alveoli, an acute reaction occurs immediately, expressed by characteristic symptoms.
We conduct diagnostics and prescribe treatment
Parents should not panic at once, as soon as they realized that their baby was sick. After all, there are cases when all the signs of pneumonia are, and it turns out to be the most common cold.
If there are suspicions that the baby has pneumonia (and signs have already been mentioned: lethargy, headache, fever, cough), then the parents should bring the child to see a doctor. Only a medical professional can make a correct diagnosis after carrying out the necessary studies. The methods of diagnosis include: an x-ray (front and side of the lungs), a clinical blood test (to make it possible to determine the nature of pneumonia), listening to the lungs.
Most often, pneumonia in a baby occurs as a result of acute respiratory viral infection, laryngitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, bronchitis and many other diseases.
Prevention of disease
According to the pediatrician Komarovsky, pneumonia in newborns (or pneumonia) occurs when the lungs and bronchi are covered with thickened mucus. This is the main factor in the violation of their ventilation. This is how Dr. Komarovsky constructs his arguments. Pneumonia, recovery after which can take a fairly long period, should be treated timely. For the purpose of preventive actions, you can walk more often outdoors, regularly ventilate the living room in order to keep a humid climate in it, drink a lot, so that the amount of liquid that gets into the body is sufficient.
Should there be a temperature?
Despite the confidence of a large number of adults that pneumonia in children should be accompanied by a fever, this is not an axiom. Here is how it is described by Eugene Komarovsky: pneumonia without temperature in toddlers is a fully explainable phenomenon. In infants who do not celebrate their first birthday, the thermoregulation system is not yet at full capacity. If the baby's body is weakened, then the severity of the inflammatory reaction in him is much less than that of other children. Because of this, the temperature of the body with pneumonia may not change. Parents need to be attentive and sensitive to their crumbs in time to recognize changes in their behavior and well-being.
Adults should see changes in behavior: tearfulness, timidity, anxiety, anxiety. As the child's body becomes weaker due to illness, he quickly becomes tired, he wants to sit down on a high chair, lie down on a pillow or to his mother in his arms. Baby can feel a general malaise, complain about pain in the whole body, some discomfort.
Sufficiently complex can have pneumonia in children with symptoms and treatment. Komarovsky, a pediatrician with many years of experience, describes all this in great detail. The main thing is to establish a correct diagnosis on time, get a doctor's appointment and not to engage in self-medication.
What and how to treat?
Many parents who have children at the age from birth to 7 years, trust everything that one of the best paediatricians of the country will say - Eugene Komarovsky. Pneumonia (how to identify it, it was described above) - this is not a reason to panic. The doctor explains that for each form of the disease, a certain treatment procedure has been developed. For example, in the viral flow of some special therapy is not required, with bacterial antibiotics, but for curing the fungal form can not do without complex antifungal drugs.
It is important to remember that the development of asymptomatic pneumonia in children is dangerous: late diagnosis in the absence of temperature and cough can lead to complications, many of which will become irreversible. Therefore, take care of your children and seek qualified medical help on time.