When celebrated polar Explorer Day in Russia
Daily monotonous snowy landscape outside the window, cold, storm, day-to-day work and very few entertainment. Who's ready for months, and sometimes years, to live in such conditions? Explorers. Perhaps this title may not bear every.
Life in the Arctic circle
In polar just do not get – mainly here take trained people. And still to unusual conditions have long to adapt to about three months. But those who decided to conquer the Arctic and the Antarctic, ready for any test, including the harsh weather conditions. Polar Explorer day starts (for reference. day length at the poles — up to 187 days), more precisely a working morning, like an ordinary man, with a Cup of coffee, maybe, and smoked cigarettes. But then, not like at all. Outside the window summer in the Antarctic temperature 30-50 below zero, and in winter can reach minus 89! With this cold to go outside? And the work sometimes requires you to leave the room several times a day. Saved special clothing, and in particularly frosty days and a special mask with holes for eyes on the face. And if the Blizzard, and have to walk holding on a strained rope or wire.
Despite the difficult working conditions, the conquerors of the poles, until recently, was not on their professional holiday. Polar Explorer day in Russia was celebrated in different regions differently. In some places it was June, others in September. Spontaneous celebrations have occurred for several years. And finally, the merits of the profession have been recognized at the state level, and established an official holiday – the day of the polar Explorer. This date is quite young. A decree President Vladimir Putin signed on may 21, 2013, immediately became available on the website of the Kremlin, and entered into force. And the history of the signing of this document is quite original. The establishment of a special date was set during the "Straight line" in 2013 on 25 April President that Vladimir Putin has advised to start to celebrate. Less than a month it took to get calendar holidays added another.
The background of the holiday
Polar Explorer day – date symbolic. On this day — 21 may 1937, work was initiated the first research expedition to the center of the drifting "North pole-1" in the Arctic. Tasks put in front of the explorers, working at the station were numerous: geophysical, meteorological, Oceanographic studies for the knowledge of the far North and the expansion of sea routes. The ice floe on which the station drifted for 274 days. Although food supplies it would be enough for a year, but a rapid current began to carry explorers to the area of Greenland, the ice began to break and melt. Timely sent the ships took off from a floating station expedition. At that time, the ice chip was no bigger than a football field. Four intrepid scientists sailed a total of about 2 thousand km and returned heroes of the Soviet Union, not knowing that in the future, thanks to their courage, to be established polar Explorer Day.
The work of polar Explorer
The first polar expedition was assembled a unique material, while representing great value to science. Obtained the first reliable data about the nature of the Arctic pole, the processes inherent in the area. It was opening a new era in the study of the far North, and the current polar — worthy successors of the great deeds of their historical counterparts. The modern "workers of the poles," of cares and the responsibility no less. The working day of polar Explorer is often irregular and due to objective circumstances include frequent processing. As for studies, they are conducted in the fields of meteorology, Oceanography, aerology, nedovedeniya, Hydrophysics and hydrochemistry, and many other aspects of scientific activity. On stations is the most modern equipment, instrument, erected the necessary buildings. No need to say what knowledge should own scientists have stations at both poles.
The life of the polar Explorer
When the polar day comes to an end, the work is done – you can relax a little and relax. I must say that the station itself is, in fact, the village in which combined working and living quarters. By the way, houses were mostly bright red or orange in appearance, often resemble containers. The food is the same as ours, and cook it the usual way – on the stove or in the microwave. The water produced by melting ice and snow, waste take out aircraft and ships. Without entertainment the brave inhabitants of cold latitudes are not cost. The holidays are here celebrate almost everything: New year, birthdays and, of course, the polar explorers ' Day. In what month Baptism in the Arctic and Antarctic, I know well, but to feel the cold ice of the polynya here year-round. And still swimming among the ice floes in the lake in this great holiday — one of the traditions of a strong courageous explorers. In Ferial days at the stations of familiar entertainment: Internet, Billiards, checkers and chess.
Who celebrates the holiday
But we should not forget people of other professions related to the explorers. The Ministry of nature of Russian Federation reckons the explorers, but specialists who have worked at the poles of the Arctic and Antarctic for many years, residents of the far North, geologists and oceanologists, the military, gas and oil producers. Currently about two million people. Polar Explorer day is the recognition of the work of many people who his life has dedicated to the service of Russia.