Intestinal colic in newborns
Intestinal colic in newborn babies are fairly common. They are one of the most common causes of the loud crying of the child in the absence of other annoying and brings the discomfort of factors – hunger, heat or cold, of wet diapers or absence in the field of view of mom. In this article we will discuss colic in newborns, their causes and main ways to alleviate the condition of the child. The term "colic" know not any specific disease, but a set of certain symptoms, such as bloating, cramping, fermentation, flatulence, pain. When newborn colic? As a rule, more than 70 % of all babies experience discomfort in the intestine almost from the first weeks of life. To four months of age colic usually go away as it is believed that the digestive tract adapts to food intake.
Colic in newborns. Causes painful symptoms
So far modern medical science has not established the exact cause of colic. As hypotheses of the origin of abdominal pain put forward several provisions:
- The immaturity of the digestive system of the child or insufficient amount of enzymes to break down food.
- When artificial feeding during the sucking of the mixture from a bottle with a nipple the wrong form can happen the ingestion of excess air.
- Lactose intolerance and allergies to the mix.
- Violation of the intestinal microflora.
- Anxious or depressed emotional state of the mother during breastfeeding.
- Overfeeding of the baby.
Colic in newborns, the causes of which depend on various factors or their combination, each child can occur in different ways: the baby can be too restless, some babies abruptly and shrilly cry, especially in the evening and before going to night sleep. The child may have trouble sleeping, constantly waking up, plaintive cry, and after passing flatus or defecation to calm down for a while. The belly of the baby may look inflated. Despite all these disturbing the baby and his parents symptoms of intestinal cramps are not a disease, and are considered a transient condition. After watching regime and peculiarities of feeding, temperature conditions in the apartment and your emotional state, you can identify specific causes of the anxiety and stomach pain in your child.
Colic in babies: causes and ways to alleviate the condition of the baby
How can we help weeping bitterly and experiencing pain the child? First of all, you should normalize the power. It is worth remembering that the ideal food for your newborn is breast milk, which has not yet invented a full-fledged alternative. Feeding should be carried out at the request of the child, but do not overfeed. Giving the child every slightest peep of the chest, you can overfill it. If the baby is a well-sucked its mother's breast, and ate, and a little while later crying again, try first to soothe and distract him with something interesting. Remember that a hungry baby cries in a special way- demanding and impatient. If the child is on artificial feeding, you must purchase viscoadaptive mixture, which contains bifidobacteria. The choice blend for your child should be under the guidance of a pediatrician. You also need to choose the right bottle for feeding her the nipple must be of a special form and with a small hole. Ensure that the baby's stool was regular. Prolonged constipation may cause abdominal pain. A newborn can make bowel movements 7-8 times a day to 1 time in two days. It is not necessary to overheat the baby in any case. The air in the nursery should be cool ( 20 °C) and humid. You should not coddle the child in several layers of clothing. Overheating is a terrible fact that the intestinal juices, due to the lack of liquid and become more dense and as a consequence of poorly digested food.
Methods of prevention of intestinal colic
If your child suffers from spasmodic bouts of abdominal pain, try to give him a gentle massage of the tummy (clockwise), as well as simple exercises (flexion of the legs at the knees with the subsequent pinning to the tummy). These manipulations facilitates the withdrawal of accumulated gases and overcoming pain. Should also be more likely to put baby on the tummy. What to give a newborn for colic? Often with preventive purposes use medications which reduce gas, such as "Simethicone", "cough syrup" or "Plantex". A gas outlet pipe, use with extreme caution and only in extreme cases when you are sure that the child really plagued Gaza.