Card file story-role games in the preparatory group of the kindergarten
Kids in the kindergarten are all different, do not resemble each other. Some are sociable and affectionate, others are silent, some are fussy and bully. It is through the game that the children begin to understand how they should interact with others, what is good and bad, what actions lead to what consequences. This knowledge will be very useful to them in a great life, which means that the card file of the story-role games in the preparatory group should be familiar to every educator. It is thanks to these activities that children learn to live in common interests, prove their point of view and seek compromises, show benevolence.
What tasks are facing the educator
Working with children is a constant creative process. There is no rigid framework, because each person is unique. But in the arsenal of the educator there must be a file of story-role games in the preparatory group so that the process of learning and development can be structured. So, the teacher should:
- Teach a child to play to promote the unification of children in their common game.
- Lead the game process, accustom them to observe the rules.
- Create the necessary game environment and develop the plot.
We will talk in more detail about the creation of a gaming environment, since without this the file of story-role games in the preparatory group is useless. A little later we will discuss in detail the most important games that need to be introduced into the program as a learning element.
You will need a large set of "objects of operation". These are toys that mimic real household items. They are tools, tools, means of human activity that help to recreate the meaning of the present action. These are toy utensils, household appliances, irons and hammers, various tools.
The second big group is character toys. With this moment everything is clear, these are dolls, figures of people and animals. They can portray a person as a representative of the profession, for this purpose the elements of clothing are used: a doctor's gown, a teacher's pointer, a fireman's helmet, a postman's bag.
Toys-markers - this is another important group, which creates a magical space. They allow you to create exactly the place in which the action will take place. It can be a paper mock ship or a kitchen wall, a rocket model, a tent house and much more. At the same time, complete plot-forming sets (the layout of the Lego lock) are undesirable, as it is a rigid scheme that does not leave a child with a place for fantasy. As you can see, the card file of the story-role games in the preparatory group requires also the appropriate equipment so that the games can be implemented.
All children will soon leave for the kindergarten, go to school and begin their journey into a great life. At the same time, many have brothers and sisters who are already learning and talk a lot about their school days. Of course, this topic is very interesting and attractive, which means that it has corresponding story-role games in the preparatory group. The card file presents to your attention the main activities that you can supplement and change at your discretion. The objectives of these classes are to expand knowledge about the school in children, foster the desire to learn, instill respect for the work of teachers, to form the ability to communicate in the team.
In order to realize the set goals, there are excursions to this school. The children are shown a school plot and a future class, they introduce the first class teacher. With the help of toys, you can organize a real activity with a doll in the form of a first-grader, a bouquet of flowers, a teacher and a school board. Very important is the game "Collecting the school portfolio." This allows the child to get acquainted with educational supplies, to teach careful treatment to them. For fixing, they use the learning of poems ("To school", "Считалочка") and songs ("Teach at school"). The educator reads the children "First September", "First Day" and "Girlfriends go to school". These are the story-role games in the preparatory group. The file cabinet can be updated regularly and updated as the teacher's experience grows.
The first trips are usually made by train, as it is most easily tolerated by the kids. Children will be introduced to the amazing railroad by story-role games in the preparatory group. The card file (with the purposes) helps to deepen the knowledge of the children about the work of railway workers, as well as other cities of the Motherland, offers a set of games. First of all, it is recommended to conduct an excursion to the station, show the work of a switchman, train, the construction of a railway.
Upon returning to the group, it is very good to play the table railroad. To do this, you need to distribute the roles of passengers and conductor, hand out bags, caps, tickets, way maps, come up with the direction of travel. On return we thank the conductor. In the end, the children themselves can prepare alarm flags for the switchmen.
Most children by this age are already actively interested in what is happening there, in the distant sky. Today there are a huge number of ways to show the kid how the universe works. One of the most interesting is the visit to the planetarium. If you do not have it in town, it does not matter. There are home projectors with a tension dome. This tour can be invited directly to the group. Then follows the story-role games in the preparatory group. The card file (with goals) helps enrich the child's knowledge and consolidate them. She offers the following classes. Consider photo illustrations on the theme of the cosmos, tell the children about the first cosmonauts and the history of aeronautics. Invite them to draw a space. To make the lesson interesting, it is possible for every child to make an application on the topic "Rocket". A role-playing game involves the disclosure of any story, a flight to the moon, a meeting with aliens, the return or arrival of guests from space. It is necessary to undergo a special training before the flight, as well as a medical examination. Such plot-role games in the preparatory group are very cheerful.
From aeronautics, we turn to travels on the seas and oceans. Children are very fond of ships, and completely regardless of whether they had to swim on them. The thematic story-role games in the preparatory group contribute to the expansion of children's knowledge of water transport workers. Children will learn what kind of steamers are, what they transport. As a preliminary work, you can see a film about the port workers. To consolidate the topic, conduct a creative activity, during which each kid will become a real sailor, make binoculars, a shout, colored flags and a life ring.
Everything is ready, you can go on a round-the-world trip. You still have so much to do, you need to complete or repair the ship, collect food and water, prepare binoculars, a travel map and a compass. Distributed roles - the captain, boatswain, sailor, passenger. Be sure to give a name to your ship and think about the route.
Now the captain rises to the bridge and orders the anchor to be hoisted. A friendly team carries out his orders, and the ship leaves for the unknown seas. Then everything depends on the imagination of the teacher. We sail to Africa and buy there bananas, we feed monkeys and communicate with local residents. Then he goes to the North, where polar bears and penguins walk. And you can still wrap in Australia and look at the tailed kangaroos. In this case, the plot can be changed, for example, to play a walk along the river or a fishing boat. Very useful cognitive plot-role games in the preparatory group of the kindergarten, they expand the horizon and give new knowledge.
Particularly important are the story-role games in the preparatory group for a walk. The cardroom offers a huge number of classes, many of which are aimed at getting to know the surrounding world. If you read a fairy tale about three pigs before going to bed, why do not you put it into practice now. To do this, you only need to prepare materials for building cottages, and a brick house can be folded out of large blocks-lego.
Tell the children about how an anthill or a beehive is arranged. Now they themselves can become for a time ants or bees, collect nectar and build the most beautiful in the world an anthill. It will be cognitive to play in a flower bed where one gardener will grow flowers, but only those who have received watering and fertilizing will grow. Great for a summer walk story-role games in the preparatory group. The photos taken during the game will decorate the band for a long time. Do not forget about relay games, for example, you can hide carrots on the court and invite the bunnies to collect it, and try to catch the wolves to borrow.
All children without exception love animals and by this age they usually know all the domestic inhabitants. Let's get acquainted with those who live in the wild forest. This can be done through a cartoon, a puppet theater or a whole show, during which each baby will go out in an animal costume, and another - to talk about him. And where do wild animals live? Well, of course, in the zoo. Therefore, the file of story-role games in the preparatory group of the kindergarten contains games dedicated to this island of the kingdom of nature. As a preparatory work, you can organize a trip to the zoo or limit yourself to the listed options for dating animals. After this, be sure to have a conversation with the children about why there are zoos and whether animals are good there. To fix the topic, you can create your own zoo on the table. To do this, you can sculpt or draw any animal that you particularly liked.
Now go directly to the games. Builders should build cages from cubes, employees of a zoo - to lodge animals in them. Now they must feed and water animals, clean them. The veterinarian examines and treats animals. The cashier will sell tickets, and the guide will conduct the tour. Such activities necessarily contain a file of story-role games in the preparatory group for GEF.
The topic "Polyclinic"
She is familiar to every child. From the youngest age, they were observed by the district pediatrician and the kids were used to coming to the hospital, where they were waiting for a doctor in a white coat. Therefore, classes with such a familiar topic are very easy. The goal of these games is to expand knowledge about doctors, to cultivate respect for this profession and good attitude towards doctors. In the process of creativity, you can make caps with crosses. Further development of the game depends on the planned plot. Scheduled visit to the pediatrician begins with the registry, and ends in the doctor's office. If you take the story of the patient's admission to the outpatient clinic, he is initially examined by the nurse in the emergency room. Finally, an emergency case, when the ambulance is called to the house by an ambulance, which should take him to the hospital. Very important is the game "Pharmacy". It not only reveals the specifics of the work of pharmacists, but also allows to communicate to children a responsible attitude to medicines and herbs.
The theme of "traffic rules"
Future schoolchildren will soon start attending classes alone, without parents. This means that they need to know where to cross the road and how to behave on the street. For this purpose, a file of story-role games was created in the preparatory group for traffic rules. The goal is to systematize and enrich the knowledge of children about the rules of the road. For this, a cartoon about the basic rules is selected. As a creative task, the children are invited to make an application "traffic light". Next is to allocate roles: a pedestrian, three traffic lights, a policeman, a few drivers of cars. Crossroads, the road with the "zebra" and other options for crossing the roadway can be done in the form of marking on paper. Such plot-role games in the preparatory group in the DOW contribute to the prevention of accidents involving young children.
Is it interesting to receive a letter? Any baby will say yes. That is why the relevant games include a file of story-role games in the preparatory group. Mail - it's so interesting, the postman can deliver news, parcels and even letters to Santa Claus. Let's tell the group how the mail delivery service works, who brings them to the entrance. One can also recall the field, military postmen who brought important maps, correspondence and information. A creative task can be given to every kid, for example, to draw a postcard or write a letter to any friend in the group. It will need to be dropped into the mailbox, from where the delivery service will take them. Now the letters arrive at the post office, from where the postman will carry them to the addressees. For each received letter the kid thanks the postman.
Theme "Sphere of service"
All the children had already visited hairdressing saloons, went to cafes, shops, and visited entertainment parks. Therefore, such classes do not cause difficulties, they expand knowledge about the employees of the service sector, they teach the skills of necessary courtesy. Depending on the chosen scenario, you can distribute roles and simulate a variety of situations. You can create a combined complex in which the mother can go to the hairdresser, dad - to buy a newspaper, and the child - to drink a cocktail in a cafe. You can complicate the situation, the child can lose his mother and father in a huge supermarket. Who will he approach and what will he say? This skill can help in real life.
Very interesting and informative can be games "in a cafe." Often children know only one side when the waiter brings an order. What happens on the other side of the counter remains a mystery. During the game you can show the work of cooks and bakers, waiters and pickers, cleaners and dishwashers. Do not forget to hold a conversation on the topic "How to prepare a mother." Often the questions that my mother needs to help and say thank you are not discussed in the family.
Day after day coming to the kindergarten, the kid does not realize how much work the adults are putting into him, so that he is comfortable and well. Conduct a conversation with the children, in which you can talk about the work of the head and the canteen, teachers and nannies, janitors, gardeners, laundresses, cleaners. All of them work daily to make the kids feel comfortable in the kindergarten. Try to create your own kindergarten, where every child will be a tutor, hold exercises, build children for a walk or allow a quarrel between friends. This will help everyone more responsibly treat toys and things in the kindergarten, respect the work of the whole team.