How to choose a primer for a cochlea
The health and longevity of the ahatina, as well as its ability to propagate directly, depend on the conditions under which the shellfish will be kept, how correctly the terrarium and the snail primer are chosen. Therefore, today we will understand the issue of arranging a dwelling for this pet, which should be as safe and comfortable as possible.
A few words about the snail
Akhatin is the largest land mollusk, some specimens of which can reach 30 cm. It is widely distributed in countries with tropical and subtropical climates and is capable of causing significant damage to agricultural plants, in particular sugar cane. Due to a lack of calcium, the mollusc can scrape the lime plaster from the walls of the building with a shell, which causes severe damage to the light shelters in the tropics.
In European countries, including Russia, akhatin can not survive in the natural environment, and quite often they are kept in terrariums, because they are unpretentious in care and multiply easily. Of course, this is not a cat or a dog, capable of caressing its master. Nevertheless, ahatina is good in its own way. She is quiet and does not need regular walks. In addition, the cost of its maintenance is minimal. This mollusc is active in the dark, although it can crawl in the daytime in wet weather. During the daytime, he hides in some secluded place, buried in the soil, and only a couple of hours after sunset begins to intensify. At an ambient temperature below 9 ° C, the snails fall into hibernation.
Due to the high reproduction rate and growth, Achatina in large quantities are imported to France and used along with snails for food.
Home maintenance home
As a terrarium for ahaatin, you can use both a small glass aquarium and a plastic tank with a ventilated lid. The heavy top cover will not allow the snail to escape, and the available openings will ensure the supply of fresh air. Since mollusks love to climb on the walls and cover of the terrarium, make sure that the holes do not exceed the size of the cochlea. Otherwise, such a window, she can use as a way to escape from home. Box of cardboard - not the most successful option for settlement, since it will be impossible to observe the mollusk, and even such a house it can easily gnaw out.
When choosing the soil in the first place, it is necessary to focus on its looseness. It is the loose composition that allows the snail to burrow into the ground and receive a sufficient amount of air.
Often akhatin breeders use coconut ground for snails, which can be both loose and in briquettes. Briquettes from coconut pour boiling water, cool, wash the substrate with a gauze or a sieve, dry and fall asleep in the aquarium.
Some recommend using as soil for snails ahaatin flower earth mixture. However, often such substrates contain fertilizers that can harm ahitin.
It is undesirable to fall asleep in the terrarium wood chips, because snails are tender enough creatures and, creeping over such a coating, they can scratch or get a splinter. Also mollusks are contraindicated in pebbles and other stones that can damage their shell.
The thickness of the ground layer should be 5-10 cm. Thus, the snail buries into the ground completely. The loose composition does not let it suffocate. In addition, the snails in the soil of the aquarium lay eggs. But for newborns, ahaatin is not needed, since it can provoke the death of babies.
As decoration, you can use different twigs, picturesque snags and bark of trees. Of course, all this must be previously decontaminated. If you want to decorate the soil with moss, then such a litter before using it must be soaked in water for a day, in order to get rid of all harmful living creatures.
The role of the litter can play large leaves of cabbage or salad, which also serve as food for gastropods.
The house of Akhatina needs regular cleaning. Dirty soil for the cochlea should be discarded and replaced with fresh. Coconut substrate or bark of trees can be washed, dried and reused.
Since the ahatina is a tropical animal, it feels most comfortable in warm and humid conditions. The optimal temperature for the content of the cochlea is 25-28 ° C. At a lower temperature, the mollusc will live, but its activity will be reduced.
To maintain moisture, regular spraying of the terrarium and soil from the sprayer is made. There should be no water under the soil. The need for snails in moisture is determined by their behavior. If achetins sit on the walls for a long time, this indicates an excess of water, and if they hide in the sink, then it is too small. Reduced humidity can be used if necessary to send snails into hibernation, for example, if you need to leave the apartment for a while. In order to wake the pet, you should hold it under a small stream of warm water or increase the humidity in the terrarium.
As for direct sunlight, then the ahatine does not like them at all.
Akhatin's favorite food is herbal products, in particular, soft and decaying parts of plants. Nutritional preferences depend on age: young individuals prefer live plants to the taste, and dead rotting plant remains to adults. At home, the most common snail food is zucchini, cucumber, pumpkin, champignons, cabbage and salad leaves and other soft vegetables.
In the diet of ahaatin it is necessary to include animal products with protein and calcium content. Therefore, small quantities of snails are given boiled chicken without salt. Sometimes they are fed with boiled cereal from a mixture of cereals.
Smoked and salted products should not be given to mollusks. Small Akhatin is undesirable to give a lot of soft food at the same time, as they can burrow in food and suffocate.
In the terrarium, where the adult live, it is desirable to place a flat and stable bowl with water.
Do not forget to cover the aquarium with a lid so that the gastropod does not run away at night. In addition, it will help maintain moisture at the required level.
For constant air circulation in the lid should be holes.
Once or twice a week, clean the aquarium with a damp cloth without the use of chemicals.
Periodically wash the snail under a light stream of warm water.
At least once a year, change the soil for a snail to a new one. And it should be of such a composition, which Achatina is used to.
Avoid direct sunlight on the aquarium so as not to harm the health of the shellfish.
To maintain the required temperature, use special heaters.
As you can see, the care of the Achatina snail does not take much time and even a child.
We hope that the article turned out to be useful and now you probably know how to properly care and how to choose the soil for the snail. Let your pet bring you only positive emotions.