What is the normal baby weight at birth
Weight just born baby is a key indicator of the health in General. That is why this factor the doctors I pay special attention to fixing it one of the first medical record of the newborn. And the question of what weight is normal at birth, it is no coincidence that so much interested in young mothers. In addition, mothers should also know what determines this rate, what can threaten the shortfall or excess weight and how to avoid future problems with the weight of the baby. Many also ask the question: what is the normal baby weight at birth depending on the sex of the baby? The answers to these questions you'll find here.
Everything you need to know about the weight of a newborn
Normal baby weight at birth is in the range of 2.5-4.5 kg. however, keep In mind that newborn boys usually have some great body weight. So, normal baby weight at birth girls can be a maximum of 4 kg. If body weight less than 2.5 kg, then the baby fixed its deficit. Hence, it can be difficult with a nursing baby may even need a special diet and appropriate conditions for the normalization of weight. Such babies are not considered premature, but their stay in the hospital, however, may be somewhat delayed. Now young mothers often give birth to babies with normal and even of excess weight. But the kids are having a shortage in weight, usually catch up with their peers in this plan by six months.
What determines the weight of the child after birth?
The weight of a newborn is influenced by many factors. The reasons why children are born with excessive body weight, may be the following:
- Heredity. So, parents who are overweight, often born large physique children. Slender parents the situation is the opposite.
- The second, third and subsequent generations.
- Delayed childbirth (prolonged period).
- Improper diet, consumption of too rich and heavy foods during pregnancy.
- Diabetes mellitus (acquired and hereditary).
- Different RH factor. If the mother is RH positive and the baby is negative, then we might have a rhesus-conflict, which often leads to weight gain child in the womb.
Deficient body weight in babies: causes
- Carrying two, three or more fetuses simultaneously.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular and urinary systems (including infectious), chronic pulmonary disease mothers.
- Disease of the uterus, defects in the placenta, poor blood clotting in the mother.
- Poor nutrition of the mother during pregnancy, unfavorable climate and ecology.
- Smoking and consumption of alcohol in excess of permissible limits (in most cases, alcoholic beverages should be avoided).
- Consumption of caffeine in large doses.
Nutrition and its impact on the mass of the newborn in the first days
Normal baby weight at birth in the first 24 hours of its life can be reduced by about 150-200 grams. Such a measure is appropriate if the kid showed up with a weight of 2.5-4.5 kg Is normal weight child at birth. Is acceptable and totally natural it reduction high at 300 grams. This is due to the fact that a newborn gradually waning the swelling, and the bowel is freed from what it has accumulated. After the birth of the baby is still not set power mode, and it also has an impact on body weight.
The normalization of the weight of the baby is already on the fifth day. On the tenth day, the body weight begins to increase regularly, depending on supply. Young mothers who breastfeed, do not panic if the child is recovering too slowly. The fact that bottle-fed babies gain weight much faster than on the motherboard. This is due to the purchase of mixtures of different nutrients and components, allowing the baby to develop more quickly.
Normal baby weight at birth in our time is not uncommon, but modern medical centers that provide care of the newborn with body weight of only one kilogram. These kids are born with a weakened immune system, they are completely inactive and sluggish, and therefore in the first days of life, they need more attention and care. Statistics show that a year later thanks to the help of doctors, children become stronger, their weight returned to normal, and their development they did not lag behind their peers.
The excess and lack of body weight: the risk
Low body weight of the fetus, however, as its excess can occur in the womb. If the underweight is diagnosed in the later stages of pregnancy, in this case, a young mother is assigned to a special diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals. Calorie supply is also determined by the treating physician.
If the fetus is overweight, it is also not a good indication and is considered a deviation. Doctors treat this cautiously, because the excess weight of the baby may indicate violations in its development, and in most cases give the mother some advice. Most often, she prescribed a balanced diet, which is dominated by low-fat dairy products, vegetables and fruit. Fatty delicacies, pastries, and other flour products, it is desirable to exclude completely from the menu, meats and too high-calorie meals is taboo.
In addition to malnutrition, often overweight baby at birth may indicate the presence of the mother of diseases of the endocrine system.
What is dangerous excess weight of the baby health of the mother
Important point: excess body weight of a baby can bring harm not only to newborn but also to his mother. Before birth, it could face the complications women have in childbirth. The most frequent of them – rupture of the perineum. To avoid such injuries to pregnant women are prescribed to perform a cesarean section. After the birth of a kid may need special attention. During the first year, parents should continuously monitor the development of their child. By the way, normal weight and growth of the child at birth, to partially ensure that its state of health at that time to be positive. In addition, when excessive or deficient body weight in babies may develop very different complications.
How dangerous shortage of weight newborn
Imagine that the baby is born, and consider the problem of normalization of weight during the life of the baby. In children born with small weight, is a violation of thermoregulation. As a result, the kids freeze faster and they require much more time to warm up and to restore temperature balance. These kids are more susceptible to various diseases and colds, because in most cases they have reduced immunity. Hypovitaminosis and anemia are also frequent companions of the children with underweight.
Which can lead to overweight newborn
It was always assumed that the more weight the child born, the healthier he will be. Especially so often talking about boys – they say, will grow into a real hero! This assumption is fundamentally wrong, because a normal baby weight at birth, boys have to be up to 5 kg. Perhaps in the first years of life the baby is born with more mass, will be less hurt than his peers. However, in the future it can cause serious problems. These include Allergy, the lag in physical development (as a child would experience difficulties in managing their body), as well as lack of understanding from friends (which in the future may cause the development of mental disorders).
Regular monitoring of weight – the key to proper development
Normal baby weight at birth is, of course, good, but in the future, parents can, without noticing it, to fatten the baby (or Vice versa). To avoid problems in this regard is not only possible, but even necessary at the initial stage of growth of the child. You first need to carefully diet and discussed and specifying all the details with a specialist. In the future you need to constantly monitor the height and weight of the baby.
However, there is one "but": if the condition of the child stable even in the presence of excess weight (within acceptable limits), then parents should not worry about it. Importantly, the child feels good and at this weight he is comfortable. In this case, young parents can just take their child to the extent of plump burly and not to take any action on the path to weight reduction.