What care is required for pregnant guinea pigs? How long the pregnant guinea pig fetuses
Guinea pigs are very nice fluffy creatures, which took pride of place among pets. Many owners are so addicted to these animals that they turn into real breeders. Sooner or later they face the question: "What care is required for pregnant guinea pigs?"
Sexual maturity of females is already at the stage of twenty-eight days of life. However, there are cases when it happened on the twentieth day. The maturity of males comes much later. Usually it happens to the sixtieth - seventieth day of life. Despite the early maturity, at this age the female is not yet able to produce healthy cubs without negative consequences for their health. It is considered optimal for gestation to last from six to nine months of life.
Duration of bearing of the litter
A pregnant guinea pig is in an "interesting" position from sixty to sixty-eight days, depending on the number of offspring. On average, this period lasts sixty-four days. However, with a small number of young, a pregnant guinea pig may remain so for seventy-two days. From the twentieth to the twenty-fifth week, the fetus is probed in the lower abdomen.
Like a human, the guinea pig is not capable of producing vitamin C. In pregnancy, the need for additional intake of vitamins and trace elements increases. Therefore, you need to ensure the right balanced nutrition to your pet. An adult guinea pig should consume between ten and twenty milligrams of vitamins per kilogram of body weight per day. At the moment, a wide assortment of vitaminized feeds is presented in various pet stores, so there should be no problems with searches.
After the first half of the gestation period, pregnant guinea pigs need special care. At this time, it is necessary to inspect the nesting house extremely rarely. Cleaning the cell and moving it from one place to another is done only with special need. It should be remembered that pregnant guinea pigs are sensitive to excessive anxiety and inaccurate treatment. As a result of recent manipulations, miscarriage may occur. Many people are interested in what a pregnant guinea pig looks like. Do not rush to satisfy the curiosity of others. It is necessary to observe precautions and remember that this complex physiological process is extremely difficult, and any stresses have a detrimental effect on an animal such as a pregnant guinea pig. The photo of this animal should also be done with caution, avoiding the use of a flash whenever possible.
Despite this, a day or two before the birth should be carefully cleaned and disinfected the cage, after which it is necessary to place in the nest house such an important detail as a fresh litter. Its basis is usually small fragrant hay.
It happens that pregnant guinea pigs undergo premature birth. In this situation it is necessary to lead a bacteriological study. This is done in order to identify the cause of miscarriage. Most often, such cases occur as a result of a disease of brucellosis, also called infectious abortion.
The natural completion of the pregnancy of guinea pigs lasts about a day, if the litter is numerous. In case there are not a lot of babies, the birth passes through for an hour. Normal childbirth does not need the help of a veterinarian. Only in the last resort, when the pig does not get to be born of itself, should a specialist interfere. This happens in females with a narrow pelvis, in violation of labor, with large amounts of litter or incorrect presentation of the fetus.
Usually there are two to three babies born, less often, they can reach six. Toddlers quickly open their eyes, and after an hour or two they begin to move independently along the house. The calves are already adapted to self-feeding food, nevertheless, they need mother's milk. Feeding lasts up to one month. After the third and fourth day of life, the children, along with the mother's milk, eat the common food.