What should the pressure be in children? Blood pressure: the rate by age table
It is a mistake to think that the problems with blood pressure — the case of the elderly. Absolutely not! This disease can affect the baby. What should the pressure be in children? And whether strongly it differs from the norm of the adult person?
The problem with blood pressure in children is much more common than you might think. And to prevent serious consequences in the future, it is important to monitor the child's condition and to periodically measure his blood pressure.
It should be said that the results of measurements are often different from those of adults. Normal blood pressure in children is lower therefore evaluate it by the same standards is categorically wrong.
What determines blood pressure?
Little kids have good elasticity of the vascular wall, larger lumen of the vessel and the best branching of the capillary network. This all directly affects blood pressure. In young children it below. Gradually with age, it grows and comes to normal adult.
With a quick pressure increase in a child occurs in the first year of his life. To five years in HELL boys and girls is compared in performance, and then to nine years in boys it rises.
The norm of AD in children
Newborn toddler blood pressure will average 80/50 mm RT.St.
Not to split hairs with formulas and not take it was made a special table in which the ages painted the pressure of the child.
Blood pressure normal by age (table)
Features blood pressure different ages
What should be pressure in children from birth to year?
From such crumbs of blood pressure depends on the elasticity of the lumen of blood vessels, development of the capillary network. Vascular tone reduced — pressure reduced accordingly. A newborn baby figures vary such limits 60-96/40-50 mm of mercury.St. To year gradually AD is growing, due to the rapid increase of vascular tone. And by 12 months it is 90-112/50-74 mm of mercury.St.
Mums for determining a blood pressure of the child you can use a special formula:
(76 2*X), where X is the number of months the child.
What indicators such as blood pressure, the rate by age? The table, presented above, demonstrates such information. Not difficult to determine normal values for a child.
What should the pressure be in children 2 to 3 years? After 2 years, the increase in blood pressure is somewhat slower, the table shows that it should be about 100-112/60-74 mm Hg.St.
Perhaps one of the pressure increase, which is not a pathology, so worrying about it is not worth it. But in any case, once again appeal to medical advice will not prevent — vigilance first and foremost.
For kids of this age have a different formula: systolic — (90 2*X), diastolic (60*X), where X is the number of years the child.
What should the pressure be in children 3 to 5 years?
At this age also slow HELL. It can be in these ranges: 110-116/60-76 mm of mercury.St. Also possible daily decrease and increase in pressure, which is physiological, that is normal.
What should be pressure in children 6 to 9 years? In principle, it remains at the same level and is 100-122/60-78 mm.RT.St.
At this time there may be a deviation from the averages. This is due to the fact that the child goes to school, rebuilt his regime, reduced physical load on the child's body, increases psychological.
During this period should monitor the baby, and in the case of frequent changes of the pressure – contact the doctor.
What should the pressure be in children 10 years 11 and 12?
The average table 110-126/70-82 mm Hg.St. but at this time usually occurs at puberty, which can affect the blood pressure parameters.
Also plays a role the figure of the child. Naturally, skinny and tall children's figures will differ from data of those who has a smaller height and greater body mass.
Therefore it is better to consult a doctor and determine the average pressure your child.
What should the pressure be in children from 13 to 15 years? The table says that the average AD – 110-136/70-86 mm.RT.St. But adolescence is quite complex, children in this period experienced a lot of stress and difficult situations. All this affects health, and possible phenomena such as teenage Hypo - or hypertension.
During this period to eliminate problems in the future it is desirable to consult on this matter with the doctor.
If the child has frequent headaches, you should pay attention to it and go to the doctor. Most likely, he will be asked to measure the pressure of Chad. How to do it correctly?
Measure correctly the pressure of a child
For starters reassure the kid, explaining that there is nothing wrong he will not do that he was relaxed and not worried, as it may interfere.
It is essential to use a children's cuff, these are on sale. Also in pharmacies there are lots of good electronic blood pressure monitors.
To measure your blood pressure better, of course, in the morning when the kid woke up and at night before bedtime. The child should lie on his back, ask him to take the handle to the side, palm up. It is important that the hand was lying, and was not on weight.
Next, find the elbow, put the cuff above a few centimeters. Then check that the cuff is not too pinched hand, it will extend under the finger if it is free to enter, then everything is fine.
Then I put the stethoscope on the place where a good to the touch, heard the heartbeat, it is the cubital fossa. Next, you should close the valve, pump the air until, until there is no pulse. Unveiled the valve to the air slowly descended and carefully look at the timeline.
The first sound we hear, says the systolic pressure, the last — diastolic.
The performance of each measurement should be recorded to the next medical appointment they could show.
The causes of high blood pressure in a child
High blood pressure in a child may occur for many reasons. Often this violation occurs in adolescent children, when there is not only physical but also emotional changes in the body. It is possible, for a child malformed routine. Also plays a role in sleep, if the baby is not getting enough sleep, plagued by nightmares, it can negatively affect the pressure. Frequent stress harm to any body, not only for children.
There may be causes and more serious — for example, health problems: disorders in the endocrine system, brain, various renal diseases, poisoning, disorders of vascular tone.
How to reduce pressure in children?
There is a simple first-aid method that gives quick effect. Wetted gauze in vinegar (you can take any table or Apple) and apply it to the soles of the baby for 10 minutes.
Also useful to use currants (black), watermelon, baked potatoes. But it will bring results immediately, but gradually.
Causes of low pressure in a child
Low pressure in a child is less common elevated. In General, normal blood pressure for the day can fall, it depends on the circumstances. It is reduced after eating, intense training or when the child is stuffy. If this condition does not affect the General health of the baby, so no need to worry, this is normal.
However, if it is lowered much it is not good. Low blood pressure can occur for the following reasons:
- stress and other emotional stress on a child
- heart disease
- side effects of drugs.
How to increase pressure in children?
The simplest remedy — caffeine that is in coffee. If low-pressure, join pain, then you need to resort to medicines.
But medicinal treatment, any medications the above mentioned recipes and tips should be strictly coordinated with the attending physician, even the most harmless of the funds of this beverage as coffee. Better to be safe than sorry, since we are talking about the health of a small child.