What are the drugs for early termination of pregnancy?
The drug interruption of pregnancy has recently become widespread. The method of interruption is chosen by the doctor taking into account the age, term and general condition of the woman. Preparations for early termination of pregnancy are improved and new forms are produced, which ensure greater reliability with a minimum of side effects.
How do pharmacological drugs work?
After examining the gynecologist and carrying out all the necessary procedures, the doctor prescribes a suitable medication that will ensure the termination of pregnancy. The effect of such drugs is to block the production of a hormone that maintains the normal course of pregnancy - progesterone, resulting in a so-called miscarriage.
For a woman, this method of interrupting pregnancy is easier both physically and psychologically, because it looks like ordinary monthly, only more abundant and prolonged.
Preparations for termination of pregnancy in the early stages were developed in France in the 80's, but widely received much later. Now there is a wide variety of medications that provide the desired action.
Benefits of pharmacological abortion
Medical abortion in comparison with surgical has a large number of advantages:
- easy psychological tolerability of the procedure;
- absence of damage to the cervix or endometrium of the uterus, so that women will not subsequently have problems with pregnancy, whereas after a surgical abortion, a woman can no longer become pregnant;
- high efficiency of the drugs used (more than 95%), this makes it possible to safely and reliably interrupt pregnancy at an early age.
This method is optimal for nulliparous women, as it eliminates problems with repeated pregnancy and does not cause scarring on the cervix. Drugs for medical abortion are considered safe and effective if they are used according to the doctor's prescription and under his sensitive guidance.
When is it better to have a pharmacological abortion?
Drugs that are effective in the early stages are more effective when used before the 4th week of pregnancy. The last period of possible use of pharmacological abortion is 6 weeks. However, in this case, the drug may not provide the necessary action and the pregnancy will not be interrupted.
This course of events is strongly influenced by the features of the menstrual cycle and other individual indicators of a certain woman. That is why, if you want to have an abortion, using drugs to interrupt pregnancy in the early stages, you need to do this as early as possible so that the effect of the medication is as effective as possible.
Contraindications for medical abortions
At any interventions in the physiological processes of the body there are contraindications. Carry out a pharmacological abortion is prohibited when:
- uterine myoma;
- blood diseases;
- the presence of allergic reactions to the components of drugs;
- gastrointestinal infections;
- ectopic pregnancy;
- the presence of scar tissue on the uterus or cervix;
- adrenal insufficiency;
- the presence of any genital infections.
In order to rule out the development of complications, before conducting an abortion, a complete examination should be conducted and a suitable preparation should be selected. The name of the drug for abortion can be said only by the attending physician, who has all the necessary results of the patient's tests.
Characteristics of Postinor
Women are often interested in the question of which drugs for abortion can be used directly after unprotected intercourse. One of these drugs is Postinor. The active substance of the drug is levonorgestrel. It provides a thickening of the endometrium, as a result of which a fertilized egg can not be implanted into the wall of the uterus.
The drug is used exclusively for emergency contraception and provides its effect only for several days after unprotected intercourse. The package contains two tablets, one of which must be drunk immediately after sexual intercourse, and the second after 12 hours.
If after vomiting the first tablet there was vomiting, the second should be drunk immediately. Use this method of contraception as little as possible. Taking emergency contraceptive drugs in one menstrual cycle is prohibited, as this may lead to severe bleeding and problems with the hormonal background.
The use of the drug does not give a 100% guarantee of abortion and has many side effects. That is why in recent years, "Postinor" is replaced by more effective and safe drugs. Drugs for the termination of pregnancy before the appointment of a woman for a long time tested.
Characteristic of "Ginepriston"
It is used as a postcoital contraceptive. Depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, it affects the rate of ovulation, slowing it down and thereby preventing fertilization, or changing the thickness of the myometrium, preventing the fertilized egg from gaining a foothold in the uterine wall.
Contraindicated in hepatic, renal and adrenal insufficiency, extragenital pathologies, individual intolerance to mifepristone. After administration, it causes side effects from the side of the central nervous system (dizziness, headache), nausea and vomiting, as well as weakness, abdominal pain and hives.
Characteristics of "Zhenala"
"Zhenala" is a French drug for abortion. Used immediately after unprotected intercourse. Provides obstacles for the fertilization or implantation of the egg (depends on the phase of the menstrual cycle).
The active substance is mifepristone. These drugs for termination of pregnancy in late terms are not effective, but can cause fetal development pathologies. Therefore, do not take the drug after 72 hours after sexual intercourse. In this case, you need to undergo a medical examination and have medical abortion with other medications.
Characteristics of "Mifygin"
Mifegin is the most common and safe drug used for pharmacological abortion. The active substance is mifepristone. Admission should be made at the doctor's prescription in his presence. In case of an overdose, adrenal insufficiency may occur.
Getting into the body, it acts on the receptors of the uterus, blocking the production of progesterone. As a result, the embryo dies and is rejected, the cervix opens, muscle contractions of the uterus occur and the fetal egg is excreted with menstrual blood from the female genital organs. Preparations for abortion at this stage are valid for 6-8 hours.
It is important to note that in order to increase the effectiveness of the drug, it is necessary to prescribe the use of prostaglandins, which cause muscle contractions, with the help of which the embryo will be expelled from the uterus. If during this period to take painkillers, the effectiveness of the drug will be significantly reduced. And the dead embryo can remain in the uterus cavity, causing severe consequences.
Before taking pills, you need to undergo a checkup from a gynecologist and make a small pelvic ultrasound. This is necessary to confirm pregnancy and determine the place of attachment of the fetal egg, as the interruption of ectopic pregnancy with this medication is prohibited. Preterm preparations for early termination of pregnancy do not affect the developing embryo outside the uterus.
In some cases, unexpected side effects may occur, such as severe bleeding, requiring the intervention of a physician, continued pregnancy development, fetal death without removing it from the uterus and others.
Characteristics of Mifepristone
"Mifepristone" is a synthetic steroidal anti-gestagen that causes contractile activity of the myometrium. After admission, there may be severe weakness, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea. Breastfeeding after taking the drug should be discontinued for 3 days.
Drugs for drug abortion, which have a validity of up to 9 weeks, are used more often than other analogues. In combination with the drug, a "Misoprostol" administration is prescribed, which stimulates contractions and miscarriages after blocking the uterine receptors that secrete progesterone.
Mifepriston can also be prescribed in other cases:
- to stimulate labor in the event of fetal fetal death;
- for surgical termination of pregnancy for up to 12 weeks to cause cervical dilation;
- for a period of 13-22 weeks is used to normalize the action of prostaglandins.
Preparations for termination of pregnancy are taken only after a thorough examination in the presence of a doctor.
Characteristics of "Pencrofton"
"Pencrofton" is a Russian preparation. It is an effective means for aborting a pregnancy, which practically does not cause any side effects and complications. Pharmacological abortion is quite easy for a woman psychologically, and also does not damage the integrity of the uterus and cervix, so that the woman will not later have problems if she wants to become pregnant.
Preparations for abortion without a prescription are not sold, they can be purchased only after a full examination in a special medical institution. The drug is taken only in the presence of a doctor, after that it should be for a while under the supervision of health workers to prevent unintended consequences of abortion and, if necessary, receive the necessary help in time.
Characteristic of "Mytholian"
It is a complete analogy of "Mifepristone", all indications and contraindications also practically do not differ. What is the name of the drug for abortion, suitable for a certain woman, only the doctor will be able to tell after the examination.
After taking the pill, the patient should be observed for several hours to identify possible side effects or complications. After 36-48 hours, an ultrasound examination is performed to determine if a complete miscarriage has occurred, and whether the fetal egg or parts of it remains in the uterine cavity.
If this is not done, the remaining embryo, decomposing in the uterus, will ensure the intoxication of the organism and in particularly severe cases can cause the death of the patient or the need to remove the uterus.
To familiarize yourself with the features of medical abortion and to study in more detail the drugs for abortion, reviews can be found in free access to any of the pharmacological agents.