What they are — games at the carnival
The antiquity of this festival is confirmed by the fact that the rituals on Shrove Tuesday in one form or another preserved in most Indo-European peoples.
In Switzerland, for example, wore frightening, embodying the spirits of the mask. According to the Swiss ethnographers, these masks were associated with the cult of the ancestors and served as the incarnation of the dead. Costumed counter doused with water or smeared with soot, which was connected with the ancient cult of fertility.
In Poland, the mummers wore the covers, turned fur on the outside, smeared his face with soot, and went from house to house with "corona" and "goat". Similar games on Shrove Tuesday were common in Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Serbia and many other European countries.
But that is very interesting rituals, like oilseeds, are observed in the traditions of India coming from ancient times. These facts confirm that the origins of carnival, as a celebration of the beginning of the agricultural year, are in a common Indo-European period, at the turn of the III Millennium BC
In Russia Maslenitsa was celebrated noisy and fun. This cheerful folk and the rich the party lasted an entire week. Entertainment on carnival loaded with fun for the whole year, because it was believed that, if not amuse enough – so year to live in a mountain — trouble! Ritual games at the carnival slightly varied depending on location, but all had common features.
Every day of the week had a special name. Monday is called "meeting"
Pancakes began on Monday. The first pancake "on the soul," gave to the poor. The effigy of Maslenitsa made of straw, dressed in women's clothes. He was placed on a pole and carried around the village with songs, and then installed on the slide.
Tuesday was called "zaigrysh". The people rejoiced and played, there were clowns, taken by storm "snow towns", were organized fights. Tuesday's game at the carnival gained momentum.
On Wednesday, a "gourmand", covered the rich tables. Among the treat-in-law mother-in-law. Young women were hanged for the unmarried boys of the wooden blocks, and they tried to bribe them with pancakes and sweets. Special attention was to the young couples. They dressed, went sleigh riding, sledding from the mountain, had to kiss.
Thursday entertainment on carnival is in full swing. It is a day of the widest riotous fun that so called "wide Thursday" or "party — Thursday". Taking snow FORTS, skating with songs, fights and mummer's games on the carnival everything is possible!
Friday — "Teschin evening Moscow", on a visit to the pancakes already go Tiffany.
On Saturday daughter-in-law come to my husband's family, this day was called "zolovkina gatherings".
Sunday "before the Great lent" Shrove Tuesday accompanied. The youth with songs riding with the effigy of Maslenitsa on the sled until dark and at night the effigy burned. Ashes scattered on the field to Wake up the earth.
On Sunday, before sunset, go to the cemetery to visit the graves of relatives, leave them pancakes. In "forgiveness" Sunday for causing each other grievances I apologize and go into lent.