What is the norm of sugar in the blood during pregnancy?
One of the most important moments in the life of any girl is the period of pregnancy. Especially our ladies do not forget how they moved and lived, in general, during pregnancy, if it passed without different kinds of complications. Well, in order for everything to pass like this, a woman simply must constantly visit doctors, because something all the same can go wrong. Pregnant women very often have to take various tests, the blood glucose level is one of the most important. What is the norm of sugar in the blood during pregnancy?
Blood sugar level in pregnant women
All doctors unanimously assert that during any period of pregnancy, sugar levels should not be exceeded. This is especially important for those girls whose body is prone to the development of a terrible disease - diabetes. It is during the period of bearing the baby that the probability of getting sick is simply maximal. Specialists call diabetes of this type gestational - a disease that occurs during the period of the situation, which most often disappears after the delivery. The norm of sugar in the blood during pregnancy must necessarily be observed by the mother - this is not a joke!
Factors of the disease
First and foremost, it is heredity, in the second place - the fullness of the future mother, there are also various metabolic shifts in the body, the so-called pathology of the islets of Langerhans, or too increased consumption of food with a huge amount of carbohydrates. In fact, it can not be argued that glucose is in the blood just like that. It has its biological role: it provides nutrition to all the nerve cells of the body. Sugar is a rich source of energy for a person, especially a pregnant woman. Because of the variety of additional loads on the body, which refers to the period of gestation, the pancreas of the future mother does not work for one person, but for two, which is why it specifically produces a doubled portion of insulin. It is because of this that the risk of contracting a terrible diabetes is very high.
To help a pregnant woman can only a doctor who gave directions to the analysis, the result of which will show whether the blood sugar level is exceeded during pregnancy or not. Even a long time ago, doctors determined this norm, now everything is under the control of the best specialists. What is blood sugar? The norm in women with pregnancy?
Common standards of glucose (sugar) in the blood during pregnancy
Many believe that the glucose level in the blood depends primarily on the person's age, body structure and everything else, but this is far from the truth. The norms of sugar in the blood do not depend on anything - it's just an indicator of the concentration of carbohydrates of venous (blood from the vein) or capillary (blood from the lobe of the finger). In an ordinary person (if you take a blood test from the lobe of your finger) the rate varies from 3.5 to 5.5 mmol / l. When taking the analysis from the peripheral vein of the pregnant woman, the maximum concentration of the sugar in the blood is up to 6.1 mmol / l. Analyzes of this kind are always taken on an empty stomach. The analysis of blood for sugar during pregnancy - the norm will be slightly different.
Doctors say that if the blood glucose test results in a glucose concentration from 5.5 mmol / L to about 6.1 mmol / L (with fasting analysis), the likelihood of a pathological condition is very high. If in the blood of a person the glucose level exceeds 6.1 mmol / l (an analysis only on an empty stomach), this person, to the greatest regret) is ill with such a disease as diabetes. A few years ago, in order to place an unambiguous diagnosis, the main condition was the passage of a special load test for patients, which determines "tolerance" for sugar. Now it is enough to pass the analysis twice at different times and different days, and if both times in the blood glucose is more than necessary, the diagnosis is made - diabetes. The situation with girls wearing children is no different: the sugar in the blood during pregnancy is determined in much the same way.
Each doctor has his own specific method of treating this terrible disease, but the diets are almost identical. If the concentration of glucose in the blood of a pregnant woman is higher than normal, you must urgently get on a diet, otherwise everything can end much more sadly. During the diet it is forbidden to use all kinds of carbohydrates, which are easily digested, because the sugar rate is exceeded because of them. During the treatment of diabetes, in no case can you be sick with any infectious infections, get injured, there should be no pathology.
Blood sugar in pregnancy: new standards
Before the girl decides to have a baby, her tests can be just perfect, and then later (after conception) cardinally change. This also applies to various changes in the metabolism of carbohydrates. As already mentioned a little higher, the norm of sugar in the blood during pregnancy still differs from the generally accepted standards. Diagnosis of diabetes is made pregnant only if the capillary blood sugar contains more than 5 mmol / l.
During the special test for carbohydrate resistance, the doctor will confirm the diagnosis of the pregnant woman only if, within an hour after taking the test, the level of glucose in the blood will exceed the figure of 10 mmol / l. After 120 minutes, the diagnosis will be confirmed by the doctor if more than 8.6 mmol / l is detected in the blood.
As many have already realized, the level of sugar in the blood during pregnancy (the norm) is difficult to determine, because the amount of glucose in the body during this period is very variable, and if the lady likes to eat at night, the exact result will be extremely difficult to determine. An important factor that affects the level of sugar in the blood are various side effects on the girl, as well as the strongest emotions and stuff, including an extremely increased release of glucocorticosteroids along with somatotropins. It is incredibly important to understand that the norm of sugar in pregnancy, if you pass the test on an empty stomach from a vein is only 5 mmol / l. During the period of wearing the baby in the abdomen, hypoglycemia may develop - a very dangerous disease for both the mother and the fetus. Symptoms: constant dizziness, trembling, weakness, incredible cold sweat, headaches and more. If the pregnant woman notices this, then you need to take a blood test for sugar as soon as possible to check whether the figure is 2.7 mmol / l below. Lack of glucose can be very bad for the baby.
Why does the blood sugar rise during pregnancy?
Every mother should know that for the amount of sugar in the blood of a person there is a special hormone called insulin. It helps carbohydrates to completely penetrate into the nerve cells of the human body. Harmon uses them as a source of energy to continue his life. It has already been officially proven that during pregnancy, insulin releases much more glucose than before. Because of this, the amount of sugar in the blood of women in the position is significantly increased, since there is an additional load on the pancreas - the baby's fetus.
During the time when a girl has a child, she simply must constantly visit doctors to monitor their health. After all, it depends on the health of the mother how correctly the child will develop. Monthly it will be necessary to donate blood to the concentration of sugar, so that at any time you can do everything possible for your health and the health of your unborn child.