What is the normal blood sugar during pregnancy
One of the most crucial moments in any girl's life is pregnancy. Especially our ladies don't forget how they moved and lived, in General, during pregnancy, if she were without different types of complications. Well, in order that everything goes exactly the woman simply has to visit the doctors, because something may still go wrong. Pregnant ladies often have to pass different tests, the level of glucose in the blood is one of the most important. What is the normal blood sugar during pregnancy?
The blood sugar levels in pregnant women
All doctors in one voice say that during pregnancy, under any circumstances, not to exceed the rates of sugar. This is especially important for those girls, the body which is prone to development of the terrible disease of diabetes. In the period of carrying a baby the chance of getting just the maximum. Experts call this type diabetes gestational — the disease occurs during the period provisions that most often disappears after delivery. The rate of sugar in blood during pregnancy must be met by the mother is no joke!
Factors of the disease
First of all, it is heredity, in the second place — the fullness of the mother, there are also different types of metabolic shifts in the organism, the so-called pathology of the islets of Langerhans, or too increased consumption of food with huge amount of carbohydrates. In fact, one can argue that glucose is in the blood just. It has its biological role: provides power to all the nerve cells of the body. Sugar is a rich source of energy for humans, especially pregnant women. Because of the diverse additional stress on the body, one of which is a period of gestation, the pancreas of the future mom does the job not for one person but for two, which specially produces the doubled portion of insulin. Because of this the risk of getting terrible diabetes is very high.
To help a pregnant woman will only the doctor who gave the direction to the analysis, the result of which will show exceeded the norm of sugar in blood during pregnancy or not. Long ago doctors determined that norm, now everything is under the control of the best specialists. What is blood sugar? The normal women during pregnancy?
Generally accepted standards of glucose (sugar) in the blood during pregnancy
Many believe that the rate of glucose in the blood depends primarily on the age of the person, structure of the body and everything else, but this is not true. Standards blood sugar doesn't depend — it's just an indicator of the concentration of carbohydrates venous (blood from a vein) or capillary (blood from the lobe of the finger). The average person (if we take the analysis of blood from the lobe of the finger) norm varies from 3.5 to 5.5 mmol/l During the capture of analysis of peripheral veins pregnant maximum concentration rates of sugar in the blood — to 6.1 mmol/L. Tests of this kind always pass on an empty stomach. Blood sugar in pregnancy — normal will be a little different.
Doctors say that if the results of a blood glucose concentration that ranges from 5.5 mmol/l to about 6.1 mmol/l(in the analysis on an empty stomach), the likelihood of later pathological conditions is very high. If blood glucose levels exceed 6.1 mmol/l (analysis only on an empty stomach), this man, ogromnomu unfortunately) ill this disease, as diabetes. A few years ago in order to put an unequivocal diagnosis is the main condition was the passage of the sick the special load test, determining "tolerance" to sugar. Now they only have to analyze twice at different times and different days, and both times the blood glucose is more than necessary, the diagnosis is diabetes. The situation with the girls bearing children is no different: the norm of sugar in blood during pregnancy is determined in much the same way.
Every doctor has their own specific method of treatment of this terrible disease, but diets are almost identical. If pregnant blood glucose concentration more than the norm, an urgent need to go on a diet, otherwise it could have ended much sadder. During the diet forbidden to use all kinds of carbohydrates that are easily digested, because the sugar regulation is exceeded. During the treatment of diabetes in any case can not hurt any communicable infections, to injury, there should be no pathology.
The normal blood sugar in pregnancy: new regulations
Before a girl decides to have a baby, her labs can be just perfect, but then (after conception) to change dramatically. This also applies to a variety of changes in the exchange of carbohydrates. As already mentioned a little above, normal blood sugar during pregnancy still differs from the generally accepted standards. The diagnosis of diabetes is pregnant only if capillary blood sugar contains greater than 5 mmol/L.
During the execution of a special test on carbohydrate resistance the doctor will confirm the diagnosis of pregnant women only if in an hour after taking the analysis of glucose concentrations in blood will exceed the figure of 10 mmol/l after 120 minutes, the diagnosis is confirmed by a doctor, if detected in the blood of more than 8.6 mmol/L.
As many have realized, blood sugar in pregnancy (norm) is difficult to determine, because the amount of glucose in the body during this period is very variable, and if the lady loves to eat in the night, then determine the exact result it will be extremely difficult. Another important factor that affects the level of sugar in the blood, are various third-party influence on the girl, and also a powerful experience, and so, including extremely high secretion of glucocorticoids together with growth hormones. It is very important to understand that the rate of sugar during pregnancy, if you take analysis on an empty stomach from Vienna is only 5 mmol/L. In the period of carrying a child in the womb may develop hypoglycemia is a very dangerous disease for both the mother and the fetus. Symptoms: constant dizziness, trembling, weakness, extreme cold sweats, headaches and more. If a pregnant woman notices this, then you need to take a blood sugar to check if the figure of 2.7 mmol/L. the glucose can be very bad for the baby.
Why during pregnancy the blood sugar level rises?
Every mother should know that the amount of sugar in the blood is a special hormone called insulin. It helps the carbohydrates to completely penetrate the nerve cells in the human body. Harmon uses them as a source of energy to continue their life. Has officially proven that during pregnancy the insulin secretes much more glucose than before. Because of this, the amount of sugar in the blood of women who are in the position increases substantially, since an additional load on the pancreas of the fetus and the child.
During the time when a girl bears a child, she had to constantly visit doctors to monitor their health. It is from the mother's health depends on how well the child will develop. Each month will have a blood sugar concentration below at any time to do the best for your health and the health of the unborn child.