How to care for a turtle
To have exotic Pets in recent years has become almost a sign of high social status, and sometimes "advanced" youth. Often people choose the turtles in the mistaken belief that they are unpretentious, do not require special care, they can contain fish. But remember: the tortoise is a living creature for which you take responsibility and therefore be prepared first to examine in detail information about how to care for a turtle.
Popular misconceptions about turtles:
- Do you think that the turtle does not need a house that she can live with you, moving freely around the apartment? You are deeply mistaken!
- I think that this is a small compact animal that can be a lifetime to keep one original aquarium or aquaterrarium? The turtle is growing, albeit slowly, but substantially. Some of them reach 30 cm in diameter, and the size of the aquarium should allow her to move freely. Consider this before buying a turtle.
- Turtles are low maintenance? In principle, Yes. But they are very sensitive to temperature, it should not fall below 25°C, some types – not below 30°C.
How to care for a turtle that you just acquired: first steps
The change of residence is stressful for any living organism. In order to ease your pet's transition to the new conditions, do the following. Dial into the aquarium or bowl of sufficient size slightly (3-5 cm) of warm (not below 28°C) clean (filtered) water and leave it for several hours. Do not disturb the animal. Maybe the first 1-3 days the turtle will refuse to eat, it should not scare you, but to offer her food still needed.
Care land turtle
From the title it is clear that this kind of turtles do not need an aquarium for content. The house it can be a wooden box or plastic box. If you don't plan to change it, just calculate the dimensions. This will specify up to what size grows, the tortoise and, on this basis, make a box: its length should exceed the diameter of the carapace of an adult animal 4-5 times. It is undesirable to use a glass container – it would be beautiful, but turtle, not understanding why she can't go through the glass, will spend hours trying to do it, scratching it and injuring yourself. It would be stressful for the animal. Box height should be sufficient to ensure that the turtle can get out of it. It is easy to calculate: the height should be slightly (5 cm) greater than the body length of adult turtles.
The substrate also depends on the type of your animal. If the turtle requires a high humidity, select coconut fiber, sphagnum moss or peat. If its natural habitat is desert, fit dry grass (hay), shredded paper. It is not necessary to cover the bottom of a box with a sheet of paper, the turtles love to dig in the substrate – do not deprive the animal of this pleasure. It is undesirable to fill the bottom with sand as they eat it together with the pieces of food. A small amount of sand will not hurt the animals, but still... Separate dish for the meal does not change the situation.
How to care for the turtle that she was not sick. Light and heat strictly necessary these animals. In the absence of light, the animal will suffer from rickets in the cold colds. So in a box install an ultraviolet lamp for illumination, with the spectrum of UV-B. ideally, the lamp should illuminate one corner stronger than the other, so the turtle was able to choose the conditions of existence. For heating, you should use one more lamp power of 40-60 watts, depending on conditions (watch the temperature). The cycle of day and night convenient to maintain with the help of timer that will turn on and off lamps. Daylight should be 13-14 hours in summer and 11-12 hours in the winter. Night, preferably a decrease of temperature (3-5°C).
"Furniture". If you put the turtle in a box big stone or other decorative element, she would be happy to climb on it and descend. But this is not mandatory. If you have them still installed, follow the mount: an animal will try to move them and flip. It is important that it does not hurt the legs and carapace. You should not set artificial plants – the tortoise will eat them.
Shelter turtles need to ensure that they feel comfortable.
A container of water. It should be shallow (otherwise, a turtle can drop it, roll over and die), optimally – saucer.
In addition, 1-2 times a week, bathe the turtles, cleaning with a soft brush (toothbrush) their shell. For bathing, use a clean warm water.
Feed should be fresh vegetables (cucumber, cabbage) and grass (mother and stepmother, shepherd's purse, plantain), sometimes (rarely) let the slices of sweet fruits and berries.
Caring for red-turtle
The content of the red-eared terrapins is fundamentally different, as this is Provodnik. With proper care these animals can live up to 75 years. The size of the carapace of an adult specimen can reach 30 cm in diameter. Males usually smaller than females, but they have a long tail and claws.
The red-eared terrapins most of the time spend in the water, but require and sushi. Therefore, these animals need a vivariums. As sushi can be used a rock of gravel or platform of wood.
Note that the red-eared terrapins are sloppy, but because the vivariums will have to be washed frequently. The use of gravel is not a necessity, but if you want to use it, make sure it is large enough so the animal it is not swallowed.
The amount of water varies depending on the size of the animal. The turtle should be free to float (depth must not be less than the length of tortoises multiplied by 2). The length of the pool should be 4-5 times greater than the length of the animal's body and width at 2-3.
Given the incredible ability of this animal to the litter, you will need a filter. But even that will not save you from changing the water every 2 weeks 25% water must be replaced with fresh, and once a month you need to clean the whole aquarium. To avoid rapid contamination of the water, you can feed the turtle in a separate container.
To maintain the proper temperature it is recommended to use a thermometer and heater. The recommended temperature is 24 to 30°C. When choosing a heater, keep in mind that the tortoise wants to play with him, beating on the walls of the aquarium, so using glass heaters is not desirable (or place it inside the PVC pipe). The air temperature should be 24°C. you Can use the incandescent lamp for heating the air in the vivariums. For young or sick animals temperature should be slightly higher. The content of turtles at low temperatures (18-22°C) will lead to reduced activity and colds.
Warm and Sunny days, organize trips for your pet, but be careful that it is not overheated. The rest of the time need supplementary lighting UV lamp type UV-B. It is strictly necessary for the normal metabolism of calcium. Otherwise high probability of developing rickets.
Ensure animal safety
The use of light and heating equipment creates the risk of electric shock. Therefore, carefully follow the isolation and grounding of all devices. In addition, protect or use glass devices, since the turtles are curious and can damage them, which would entail the death of the animal.
These turtles eat both plant and animal food. They need animal protein (with the exception of the old turtle). They are recommended to feed a low-fat meat, fish, seafood (fish, shrimp, etc.), vegetables (cabbage, cucumber), as a source of calcium use ground egg shells or special vitamins with minerals for reptiles. Calves should be fed daily, adults 2-3 times a week.
The following products should be excluded from the diet of turtles: beans, sorrel, turnips, rhubarb, radishes, mushrooms, fatty meat, offal, canned and salty foods.
In limited quantities, you should use products: celery, shellfish, beef, lettuce, cabbage.
Recommended products: seaweed, grape leaves, plantain, dandelion (leaves), grass, zucchini, peas, potatoes, shredded carrots, tomato slices, figs, grapes, melon, BlackBerry, banana, strawberry, Apple, citrus, geranium, daylilies, onions, earthworms, snails, crickets, shrimp, boiled eggs, live fish (use frozen not recommended). In addition, if the turtle refuses to eat vegetables, they can be soaked in fish broth (no salt!).
Once in 2-3 weeks in the diet is necessary to make vitamin supplements and minerals for reptiles.
Turtles do not require much attention, however, you must know how to care for a turtle. Compliance with the rules of care will ensure a long and happy life.