How can a dog teach a team Give a paw! and other
Beginners are interested in the question of how to teach the dog to the team "Give a paw!", And also to others: "Place!", "Sit!", "Lie!", "Fas!". Many people want to know when to start learning a puppy, what methods, techniques and exercises to use. On how to teach the dog commands "Voice!", "Fas!", "Lie!", "Give a paw!" And others, this article will tell.
It is best to start a puppy from the age of six months. Although most dog handlers determine the beginning of dog training for teams aged 4-5 months. But practice proves that very many animals willingly study in early childhood, and quite effectively.
In fact, the upbringing of any animal begins from the moment when it first comes to the owner. The way in which a person refers to his pet, what words and phrases he utters, how, when and where he feeds, this is upbringing. Therefore, from the first minutes it is necessary to be attentive, and first of all to yourself.
The importance of intonation and the accuracy of phrases in relation to the animal
You can not raise your voice in the presence of an animal, a small creature can take it at its own expense and get upset. Or it will get used to the fact that the owner often curses, and later will not react to his discontented intonation.
Also you can not lisp with a puppy, pronounce too many words against him. Since early childhood, the dog begins to memorize some words, so all actions should be commented briefly and clearly.
For example, if a beginner is asked to teach a dog how to give the dog "Give a paw!", Then it is necessary to say this phrase. And certainly not "Give me a pussy, druzhochek!" And in the case when you want to get a particular left and separate right paw, then you need to start with the words "Give your right paw!", "Give me your left paw!"
There are three main areas of training animal teams:
- Encouraging method (principle of carrot).
- Punishment or threat (the principle of a whip).
- "Cat's education" (use of ready-made habits and desires of the animal, his personal initiative).
About the principles of "carrot and stick" is known to most people. But what is the "cat education", they know a few. Therefore, it is worth to talk about it in more detail.
In fact, this is the simplest form of education, when you only need to carefully watch the animal. For example, you need to guess when it chooses a place for itself and goes to bed. That's where you need to equip him with a sunbed and constantly repeat when it fits, the word "place".
If the puppy joyfully runs up, seeing the owner and trying to attract his attention with his paw, there is nothing easier than a dog to teach the team "Give a paw!" At this very moment, repeating this phrase every time.
At the moment when the pet is lying on the floor, putting his head on the front paws, the attentive owner always states: "To lie!" And when the puppy barking at the fluffy toy bear, it should not be fun to laugh at him, but to pronounce in a severe serious voice the word "Fas!", as if it was not a dog played by itself, but the owner demanded that he execute the team.
And at that time, when the pet starts to bark fuckily, you should definitely remind him that this should be done when the owner says “Voice!” Oddly enough, even very young kids quickly grasp it.
Noticing that the animal is cheerfully spinning around the room, chasing its tail, you can come up with your own team, for example "Dance!" Or "Roll!". Later it will be possible to make a cool number to the music, in which to include the episode "catching the tail."
Encouraging way of education
However, do not rely solely on the fact that the puppy will always prompt his master himself, what he should be taught. There are things that a person is obliged to teach his pet, wants the latter or not. And sometimes the question of how to teach a dog to the team "Give a paw!" Can not be decided by a simple "feline upbringing."
Then the owner uses the "carrot" option. And in fact, before teaching the dog the command "Give a paw!", The cynologist must take care of the food of the person being educated. Of course, you can use a carrot - dogs like sweet. However, this type of food is not so useful for puppies. It is best to use a piece of dry food.
But a full puppy will not want to work for the usual food. Therefore, before you teach the dog the command “Give me a paw!”, You need to wait for the pet to get a little hungry.
Method "Get a snack!"
Feed the teacher gives the puppy a sniff and clamps her fist. Naturally, the animal wants to get it, starts to poke its nose, spin. At some point the dog will try to help himself with the paw, trying to straighten the closed fingers of the owner. Here it is necessary to take a paw in the palm, repeating the command and treating the puppy.
Some owners manage to achieve success quite quickly. It is enough to repeat this procedure 4-5 times. If it is not possible in this way to teach the puppy, then other cynologists give other advice on how to teach a dog to give a paw. The methods and exercises that fix the execution of this command are just as simple.
Dogs are extremely intelligent animals. Unlike cats (which, by the way, are not inferior in the mind to dogs, but more difficult to give to training), they want to please their whole being with their whole being, are loyal to him, considering him a leader of the pack. Trying to guess what the owner wants from him, the dogs are very attentive.
And since it is impossible to teach a dog to give a paw with the help of the method "Get rid of delicious!", It is worth using the method of prompting. The treat also needs to be clamped to the fist, but do not show it to the puppy ahead of time. Having pronounced the command, you need to gently touch the paw of the animal near the elbow bend with a free hand. Puppy will instinctively raise his paw, because the owner of this, apparently, wants to. Then the person should quickly take the pet's foot in the palm of his hand and praise him with the word "Good!" Or "Good!". And then, without letting go of the paw, put the yummy into his mouth. Now you can let go of the paw - not very convenient to eat in such an unnatural position.
And it should be clearly understood that the most important thing when raising any animal:
- constancy of requirements.