How maternity leave is calculated for 2013-2014
Conditionally, the vacation by decree is divided into two stages: 1) pregnancy-birth, 2) caring for the baby. In the first case, it is at least 140 days, in the second case it ends at the age of 1.5-3 years of the child. How to calculate the maternity leave in each period, consider in more detail in the article.
Benefits for the decree a woman receives at work, and in case of unemployment - in social services at the place of residence. The calculation of maternity leave is made according to the labor code, federal laws of 2006 №255 and from 1995 №81 on payments of benefits to citizens with children.
The decree includes a one-time grant for childbirth and pregnancy, monthly payments for the care of an infant. According to the minimum wage, the minimum threshold of a maternity grant in 2013 was 23,924 rubles, and in 2014 it will reach 25,528 rubles.
The employer is legally entitled to maternity leave in comparison with the sick leave. The size of the decrees depends on the salary, length of service, registration for pregnancy, the number of days of vacation. Below is considered how the maternity leave is calculated 2013-2014. To these data, one-time benefits of a pregnant woman should be added.
How to calculate maternity leave for working
In 2014, there is no new guidance on the calculation of maternity benefits, so the calculation is done, as in 2013. For this purpose, the data on salaries with personal income tax for 2 years, including vacation pay, bonuses and travel allowances, but without sick leaves, are divided by the number of working days (731) and the received is multiplied by the whole maternity leave (in normal single-pregnancy - 140 days, with complications at births - 156 days, and with multiple pregnancies - 194 days). For example: 216.000 rubles / 731 * 156 = 46.095.76 rubles.
Calculation of the decree for those who have less than a year of experience
If the length of service is incomplete, the calculation takes into account the minimum wage. For this purpose, the minimum wage (last year 5205, in 2014 - 5554) is divided into working days for 2 years (731) and is multiplied by 24 months and by the entire decree. For example: 5205/731 * 24 * 156 = 26.658.71 rubles.
How to calculate maternity leave for the unemployed
Unemployed women calculation of the decree is made in the district social service of protection of the population. For this, the minimum of 438.87 is multiplied by the days of the decree and is divided by 30 days. For example: 438.87 * 156/30 = 2282.12 rubles.
In any case, for the calculation of maternity benefits, you can use any calculator online, to study the labor code. Maternity leave until the baby reaches 3 years can be reviewed in case of new documents. The maternity allowances are paid only to mothers, they are not taxed, and contributions to pension and insurance structures are not made.
And one more thing: many employers create the illusion that they pay pregnant employees from "their own pocket." In fact, payments are made by the bodies of the FSS, so pregnant employees do not owe anything to their superiors. Please note that the calculation of benefits takes into account all the nuances of each category of citizens, so more accurate data on how to calculate maternity leave, you will be prompted by a bookkeeper at work, a labor inspection consultant or an FSS employee.