How correctly to introduce complementary foods in 4 months? First lure in 4 months
Absolutely quietly flew the first three months. Your goldfish is almost 4 months old, and the question is: is it time to diversify its food? If yes, how correctly to introduce complementary feeding in 4 months, what exactly to start to give to the child and in what sequence? This is exactly what we are talking about today. But it will not be tough recommendations, but the most optimal options.
Is the child ready for the introduction of complementary foods?
4 months is the age when the introduction of new food into the baby's diet is justified. He is considered ready for such innovations, if:
- the child is already 4 months old (for premature infants the gestational age is taken as the basis);
- the weight of the baby has now doubled (a factor of 2.5 is used for premature infants);
- the pushing reflex of the tongue is completely absent, that is, the baby no longer spills water on his chin when he is drunk from the spoon (it is necessary to feed the child from the spoon, since the food must be treated with saliva);
- the child is already sitting and can reach for the spoon if the food is pleasant and, on the contrary, deviate if the dish does not taste like it;
- is no longer saturated with the usual food: with artificial feeding the baby is not enough 1 liter per day, and with breastfeeding the baby is fed to both breasts during feeding, but remains hungry;
- can hold objects by clasping them in the cam;
- is interested in what lies on my mother's plate, and tries to try "on the tooth" (as a rule, at that time the first tooth is already erupting).
It is not necessary that all the signs appear simultaneously. On average, they show themselves between the 5th and 9th months of the baby's life. But again, everything is purely individual. For example, even in twins, signs of readiness for the introduction of complementary foods are very rarely observed in the same period. For some children, pediatricians delay the introduction of complementary foods because of medical indicators.
Is a child physiologically ready for a new food?
4 months is the stage when the baby's digestive system becomes more perfect. The stomach begins to produce hydrochloric acid, digestive enzymes are activated. The structure of the intestine undergoes changes: its walls cease to pass large molecules. Characteristic for children of an earlier age, the reflex, when the baby pushes the denser food more densely than breast milk or the mixture, disappears. It is gradually replaced by chewing movements.
But all these changes need time, and each child has a strictly individual time interval. Therefore, many experts believe that it is most expedient to introduce lure in 5 months. This is exactly the time when the baby's body is ready to change the habitual diet.
8 basic rules for complementary feeding
With the expansion of the child's diet, basic rules should be observed:
- before you enter any product, check with your pediatrician;
- the introduction of a new dish is allowed 1 time for 21 days;
- feed the child solely with a spoon;
- always start learning to a new taste with the minimum norm - 1 teaspoon per day, daily increase the norm by 1 spoon, reaching a serving of 150 grams (it usually takes 1 week);
- do not hurry with the simultaneous introduction of several products;
- carefully monitor the condition of the baby and, with the slightest signs of a digestive disorder, cancel the dish;
- do not offer the baby unfamiliar food if he is unwell or a routine vaccination has been done;
- feed your baby before putting it to your chest.
Where do you start lure?
So, the baby is 4 months old. To determine which lure to enter first, you should pay attention to its physiological parameters. A child who is overweight, as a first dish, vegetable mashed potatoes. They should be the first lure to be given to an overweight babe.
4 months - a time when children are prone to either constipation or intestinal disorders. If the baby's chair is not completely stable or the child has a lack of weight, then the lure should begin with porridge.
Rules for the introduction of new foods
Quite often from young mothers you can hear this phrase: "It was 4 months for a child, the child's doctor recommended feeding them. Why? "Let's understand, and what is hidden behind the term" lure ". In fact, it is a substitute for a baby. New types of food introduced into the daily diet help replace mother's milk, which can not fully provide the baby with all the necessary substances for the full development.
We introduce lure at 4 months very carefully. If the child is unwell or has been vaccinated, then this is not the best time to change the usual diet.
Let me remind you, the conversation goes on the topic: "How to correctly introduce complementary foods in 4 months". Therefore, the most appropriate is to give a new kind of food before breastfeeding. The explanation is quite simple: a hungry kid is most likely to swallow even a little of this unusual taste of the dish.
Begin the introduction of new foods followed by a small teaspoon. Then gradually within 14 days the total volume is brought up to 150 grams, but this figure depends on the weight of the baby. On this day, you should closely monitor the overall condition of the child, as allergic reaction or other troubles may occur.
What foods are the lure of a 4 month old child?
The beginning of complementary feeding in 4 months is vegetable puree. This is due to the fact that in vegetables there is a significant amount of nutrients most fully absorbed by the child's body.
The first lure in 4 months is best to start with puree from cauliflower, pumpkin, squash or mashed potatoes. This group of vegetables is the safest in terms of the occurrence of allergic reactions.
Babies are extremely difficult to get used to a new kind of food, so unlike breast milk. Therefore, do not despair if the baby spat out vegetable mashed potatoes, eventually he will get used to this new taste anyway. Also, do not immediately enter several types. The child should get used to each new kind of vegetables gradually.
You can alternate mashed potatoes from fruits and vegetables, but this option is allowed if the juices are already present in the baby's diet. Fruit purees are always sweet, and there is a danger that the child will give up a pretty fresh vegetable lure.
The correct lure at 4 months is to start with apple puree, since apples practically do not cause allergies.
Cooking puree yourself
Puree can be bought already in ready form, and you can cook yourself. To do this, thoroughly wash the vegetable, clean it and cook in a small amount of liquid for 15 minutes. When it is fully ready, mash it with a fork or blender. To get the necessary consistency, you should add a little vegetable decoction.
When a child gets used to such a one-component puree, you can start adding one drop of vegetable oil.
We introduce porridge into the daily menu
Begin to introduce porridge into the baby's diet can only after the baby starts to eat vegetable puree with pleasure. Usually it takes at least three weeks to get used to a new dish. But if the child is not gaining weight badly, often enough to regurgitate after a meal or he has problems with a stool, then the first ones are injected with kashki. Introduction to the diet of a small child of cereals is a very important stage. They are a valuable source of carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and vegetable protein. How correctly to introduce complementary foods in 4 months porridge?
The order of introduction
The first lure at 4 months begins with cereals, which are classified as gluten-free. Gluten (or gluten in another way) is a vegetable protein, the digestion of which provides babies at this age a lot of inconvenience. Usually, this is increased gas production, swelling and intestinal colic. The intestine of the baby has not yet produced enough enzymes of peptidase necessary for the complete digestion of gluten. Feeding porridge in 4 months begins with dishes made from rice, buckwheat or corn.
Rice contains a very small amount of vegetable protein, so the child's body simply digests rice porridge. It is especially suitable for children who have an unstable stool. But if the child suffers from constipation, then in this case it is better to start the cereal lure with buckwheat porridge. This is due to the fact that the buckwheat contains a fairly large amount of fiber, perfectly stimulating the process of digestion. Also, buckwheat includes mineral salts and a lot of iron. This makes it very useful for kids suffering from iron deficiency anemia.
Corn porridge has a less useful composition than buckwheat. But it is perfect to diversify the baby's menu. It is also rich in natural fiber, so it has a beneficial effect on digestion.
The first porridges of the child must be mono-grains, that is, they consist of a certain type of cereal. During this period, the use of any additives is not recommended.
The principle of introducing cereal complementary foods
Porridge in the baby's menu is introduced by the same rules as the vegetable puree. To make it easier for a child to get used to a new product and an unusual consistency of porridge, at first it is prepared in the following proportion: 5 grams of cereals per 100 ml of water. This is 5% porridge. The first porridge is always cooked on the water.
For the first feeding, only one teaspoon of such porridge will be needed. Then gradually by 7-10 day the total volume of the dish is brought up to 150 grams per one feeding. If during this time there were no unusual manifestations, there was no allergic reaction and the baby's chair also did not change, then it is possible to start feeding the child already with 10% porridge from the same cereal: 10 grams of cereal per 100 ml of liquid. The child will receive a thicker dish. The next week is completely devoted to getting used to such a dish, and only then you can start giving the child a new kind of 10% porridge or the next kind of complementary food.
Feeding the baby's porridge is best during breakfast. After feeding at the initial stage, the baby should be given a breast. If the baby is on artificial feeding, then the following condition must be observed: the portion of the mixture received by the baby after the porridge must be in such quantity that together they make up a volume equal to 200 ml. This rule is met if the child is fed five times.
Lure in 4 months (the table is slightly lower) is introduced according to a certain scheme. The table shows an example of how to introduce cereal lure on days:
1 tsp = 5 grams.
What are the types of cereal?
Porridge can be of the following types:
- cooked alone (this will require either cereal flour, intended for baby food, or crushed with a grinder cereal);
- instant, that is, not needing to cook porridge;
- fully prepared canned porridges in glass jars (such canned foods contain fruits or vegetables, can be either dairy or dairy-free).
Preparing the porridge yourself
First you should carefully sort the croup, and then rinse in running water. When it dries to the level of flowability, it is ground using an ordinary coffee grinder. Do not forget to rinse the device thoroughly!
Then the grinded rump is filled with cold water. This option is suitable for cooking rice or buckwheat porridge. If you plan to cook oatmeal or semolina porridge, then the product is poured into boiling water. Kasha in the process of cooking constantly stir to prevent lumps from forming. Especially carefully you should watch for the manga.
To make the dish more tasty, and also slightly increase its nutritional properties, you can add a little expressed milk or a milk formula, which is used for feeding. Then the porridge is spread on the plate and cooled, after which it is possible to start feeding.
In porridge prepared independently, during the third week (the stage of complete addiction to the dish), you can add butter. Begin with 1 gram of the product and gradually bring up to 4 grams.
Such cereals, unlike domestic ones, are instantly soluble, that is, they do not require additional cooking. In order to prepare such a dish, you will need to make minimum efforts: simply pour the required amount of dry powder with warm boiled water or milk mixture (milk) and mix thoroughly. The product standards are indicated directly on the package itself.
To produce factory porridges, high-quality raw materials are used. In addition, they have a fully balanced composition, which includes proteins, carbohydrates and fats in the amount necessary for a child at this age. In addition, porridge is enriched with mineral salts and vitamins. They do not need to add salt, sugar or oil.
The assortment of industrial cereals is very diverse. It presents porridges from such cereals as cereals, corn, rye and barley. Also, manufacturers offer dishes consisting of several types of cereals.
We hope that you have received an exhaustive answer to your question about how to correctly introduce complementary foods in 4 months. Grow healthy!