Integrated work in the second junior group on mathematics, speech development
Many educators are seriously thinking about how to organize the process of education and training in such a way that the results are higher, harmoniously complementing each other. Integrated work in the second junior group should be based on competent planning. With proper approach in a fairly short time, there will be significant results that will please both parents and educators. In this article, we will consider several interesting exercises aimed at children of four to five years.
What it is?
The integrated occupation in the second junior group is a complex, organized process aimed at active learning activity of the child, stimulating the development of all cognitive processes.
Many employees of children's educational institutions dream of combining in one session a double benefit: to obtain the necessary knowledge and to consolidate the material that has been passed before. There is a way out - these are complex exercises with children. The effect of such lessons is real - and is achieved with a great desire to give as much knowledge as possible, and most importantly - to do it with love and sincere participation.
Count the ducklings
In kindergartens, in the classroom, children are often offered black-and-white pictures, and the task is to color them. To achieve this intention, the children need at least to know the colors and have some idea of this species of waterfowl. Children are given the task: "During coloring, count the number of ducklings, write down the answer in a square intended for numerical value, and prepare a short story about how these ducklings live."
The task is rather complicated, and therefore only those who listen very carefully will perform it without errors. As a result of this exercise develops creative thinking, mathematical abilities, interest in living nature, cognitive activity. An integrated lesson in the second junior math group should not be limited to direct work with numbers. The main feature is to make "lessons" as useful for children as possible and at the same time to involve knowledge from other areas.
How many needles does a hedgehog have?
An ordinary adult is unlikely to ask such a question. Children are a completely different matter. They are interested in literally everything that surrounds them. If you give each of them a toy hedgehog, the kids will be more than willing to recalculate spiky needles and will not get tired.
When the fascinating action is completed, ask them to tell about what: what the animal is, what its habits, features, what it feeds on, where it lives. Be sure to tell the children what parameters make up the story, otherwise it will be very difficult for them to navigate the topic. Integrated work in the second junior group on development of speech should be accompanied by elements from other spheres. Complex nature increases its value.
The Tale of the Mouse
The essence of the exercise is that the educator gives children a task to come up with a fairy tale for the weekend, in which the main character is a mouse (instead of it you can take any other beast, at your discretion). However, what is important is that the character must have the following characteristics: to have four paws, one long tail, to eat five fresh cheese pieces a day. All these signs need to be depicted on a landscape sheet. In addition to drawing, the child (possibly together with the parents) should prepare a short but informative story about his little character: what is his name, what he likes to do, what he eats, where he lives.
The integrated occupation in the second junior group is held the day after the children come to the garden. In this case, the memory of the pre-prepared story about the cute mouse is still quite fresh in the memory, the child will be happy to demonstrate the drawing and will dwell in detail on all the details.
Miracles and only
The meaning of this task is to correctly solve a mathematical problem (and each child has its own, is selected individually), get a token with a task for the development of speech and execute it. For example, the problem is proposed for a mathematical action. If the child has correctly coped with the task, then immediately goes to the second part of the exercise: here you need to guess the riddle or with an expression to read the poem from memory.
Of course, some children are confused and will be discouraged by the fact that they do not remember a single text by heart. It is important to stimulate them further: for an expressive reading a small prize is placed (a toy from the "Kinder-surprise" or sweet candy). Then the teacher can see significant results. That's what an integrated lesson is. The second younger group is the age of children from four to five years. A very favorable moment for the development of speech, and for the disclosure of all cognitive processes.
Where do the swallows live?
The program of the kindergarten includes studying the names of migratory birds, which include the swallow. What can a caregiver do in order to use this circumstance correctly? It will be very useful to organize an integrated lesson in the second junior group on the theme "Spring": to repeat the names of migratory birds, to consolidate the knowledge of the children around the world, to count how many swallows can be seen at a time high in the sky, and so on.
Involve the children in an exciting exercise: let them draw a few swallows, and then calculate the total number and compare their results with others. Who will get more birds, has the right to a sweet prize. According to the drawing, you can conduct a cognitive quiz in the form of questions and answers about the life of the swallow.
Instead of concluding
An integrated lesson in the second junior group must necessarily involve the use of several components: mathematics and speech development, the surrounding world, and letter learning. Exercises of this kind are more effective when directed not only at the repetition of the material covered, but also the systematization of knowledge. The integrated occupation in the second junior group on FGT (Federal State Requirements) fully meets all the norms and rules for what a child should know and be able to do at a certain age.