Stroke in dogs: causes and first aid
Proper care of any pet is made of many components. But even if you carefully follow all the recommendations on feeding and mode of physical activity of Pets, this, unfortunately, does not guarantee its absolute health. All animals from time to time get sick. Could it be a stroke in dogs how to identify and treat this pathology?
Stroke – what is it?
A stroke is called an acute violation of blood circulation in the brain. For this pathology the cells do not get enough oxygen. Very often the result of a stroke becomes a space-occupying lesion of the brain or a hemisphere. It's a neurological disease which affects people and many animals. Sometimes a stroke in dogs. This means that each holder of a four-legged pet should know the first signs of this disease and be able to recognize it.
In stroke there are just minutes. The preservation of animal life and the success of rehabilitation is directly dependent on the speed of assistance. In medicine there is a complex classification of the varieties of this disease. The layman also useful to know that you distinguish ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. In the first case we are talking about bleeding in the brain occurred due to rupture of the vessel walls. Hemorrhagic stroke is a blockage of blood vessels.
In fact, the stroke in dogs – the disease, which occurs not so often. To accurately determine the breeds with a predisposition to this pathology difficult. If you believe the statistics, more often affects larger animals. At risk dogs that are in advanced age.
Stroke – a neurological disorder occurring most often in hyperexcitable animals, subject to constant stress. Scientists believe that increasingly this pathology threatens the dogs living in city apartments. Another factor that trigger stroke – the presence of chronic diseases in the animal. Most of the cerebrovascular disease lead heart disease, kidney, liver, thyroid. Stroke can be a complication of hypertension, Cushing's syndrome and diabetes.
Causes of stroke
Why is stroke in dogs? The reasons for the development of this pathology, there are several. Often the disease develops on the background of poisoning by drugs or toxic substances. To provoke a stroke can also brain injury and brain tumor. This pathology is diagnosed in animals with excess body weight. Often the disease is a complication of heart disease and blood vessels, inflammatory processes in the circulatory system.
Want to pet pleased you to health and well-being? Try to minimize the amount of stress in the dog's life, consult with a specialist in the training and common mode of activity for your pet. Remember: physical and mental strain can also cause a stroke.
Symptoms of impaired cerebral circulation
Each owner needs to remember that even if the pet is completely healthy and not at risk of, a stroke can happen at any time. Try to remember the main symptoms of this disease and give your pet a sufficient amount of attention daily. What are the signs of a stroke in dogs occur most often?
In case of violation of cerebral circulation animal may behave aggressively or, on the contrary, to be sluggish and sleepy. If well-mannered pet suddenly ceased to obey the master and to respond to commands is an alarming symptom. The loss of coordination, partial paralysis can be symptoms of a stroke. In some animals there is an imbalance of the muzzle (disruption of muscle) and change the size of the pupils. In severe cases, stroke the dog has the following symptoms: irregular heartbeat and respiration, fainting and seizures, coma.
It is important to understand that stroke is a very serious pathology, which can lead to death. The best option for her treatment – at the first suspicion is to show the animal veterinarian. If this is not possible, the owner will have to provide first aid independently. To maintain cardiovascular activity you can give the dog "Kordiamin or Sulfokamfokain". "Mannitol", "Mannitol" or "Furosemide" — drugs that can prevent swelling of the brain. If you are sure that occurred ischemic stroke in dog, home treatment can include the use of "Aminophylline", "shpy, Papaverine".
Not to be redundant in these cases, and antioxidants, for example, the most harmless of them – ascorbic acid. In convulsions can give "Seduksen" or "Relanium". And yet, if possible, before beginning treatment it is advisable to consult (albeit remotely) with the vet. Remember that it is very important to calculate the dosage of drugs which is assigned individually, depending on the weight of the animal.
Stroke has a number of quite distinct symptoms. When non-professional home inspection of the pet is always the possibility of a wrong diagnosis. In veterinary hospitals before the appointment of scheduled treatment, the doctor not only holds visual and neurological examination of the patient caudate, but appoints a number of studies. Stroke is diagnosed through blood and urine tests, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, MRI of the brain. Depending on symptoms, can be selected any one of these studies, or all at once.
After an accurate diagnosis and assessment of the state of the patient, the doctor prescribes medication. The most difficult are the first 3-5 days after a stroke. Frightening statistics, but in this time period the probability of death is 50 %. If necessary, the vet may leave the dog in the hospital for constant observation and the most effective treatment. Regular therapy is prescribed for 10-15 days, during which the animal needs to regularly see a doctor. At this time the patient continues to receive medication, recommended rest and a therapeutic diet. In severe cases dogs after a stroke can receive medications and be monitored up to six months.
Rehabilitation after cerebrovascular accident
After the end of intensive treatment restorative treatment. Individual readings are assigned to new pharmaceuticals. This is usually nootropics and vascular drugs, hypertension can be prescribed pills normalizerbase pressure. Stroke in dogs treatment involves prolonged full recovery of your pet and eliminate the possibility of recurrence.
During rehabilitation it is useful to massage, to respect the day and monitor physical activity of the pet. Diet is prescribed individually, the basic principles of nutrition – a large number of meals, switching to liquid and semi-liquid diet (canned food, wet food and soups). For speedy recovery you should protect the animal from any stress and nervous shock.
To comply with all these recommendations is as important as correctly to treat stroke in dogs. Symptoms the first signs and symptoms of pathology have to learn every dog owner. After all, the faster will be started right treatment, the more chance the animal has of a full recovery.