Chondroprotector for dogs: classification, application, reviews
Dog lovers are well aware that our four-legged friends sometimes suffer from serious ailments. To help them is the task of the owner. In this article we will introduce the best chondroprotectors for dogs.
There are diseases that are characteristic of a particular breed. For example, shar pei often have eyelid twitches, Dalmatians often suffer from urolithiasis, and a pretty Pekingese almost always needs a caesarean section during childbirth. However, there are ailments that are inherent in all breeds - it will deal with joint diseases, fractures and dislocations, arthrosis and arthritis in older animals. We will tell you how to help your pet in such situations. We will discuss what preparations can cure or alleviate the condition of the animal.
Hodoprotector for dogs - what is it?
These are herbal medicines. They are classified by composition and by generation (i.e., by the time of introduction into veterinary practice). Today there are three generations of these funds.
In composition, they can be divided into:
- glucosamine-containing ("Pentosan", "Adekvan", "Glucosamine", etc.);
- complexes with glucosamine (Teraflex, Arthra);
- preparations with hyaluronic acid ("Bonharen", "Hionat");
- with the content of chondroitin ("Khondrolon", "Khondrogard", "Mukosat");
- preparations with chondroitin and hyaluronic acid ("X-GIA").
Drugs produced as a solution for injections are much more effective than those that are produced in tablets. Experts believe that glucosamine-containing drugs have faster analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, especially if they are used in the form of injections.
Factors influencing the choice of the drug
First of all, the condition of the animal and the joint is taken into account, in particular, the degree of development of the disease, and also:
- the presence of a specialized doctor, the possibility of visiting the clinic, in which your pet will be able to inject;
- availability of the price of the drug.
In addition, these drugs contain biologically active substances. This is a very effective treatment. Chondroprotectors - preparations for dogs that improve the metabolism of cartilage, slow or stop its destruction. In addition, they have an anti-inflammatory effect.
If you do not have injections in the joint, you can resort to intramuscular injections. Hondoprotector for dogs has in its structure structural elements of cartilaginous tissue, which are necessary for the renewal and construction of articular cartilage.
Today, veterinarians successfully use chondroprotectors for dogs. The list of such drugs is quite extensive. Here are just a few of them:
Causes of joint diseases
We are sure that many owners of dogs are interested in the causes of severe joint damage in their pets. To date, this is one of the most common pathologies. It is capable for a long time to deprive the dog of the joy of movement.
To the reasons causing such defeats, it is necessary to carry:
- joint dysplasia;
- genetic predisposition;
- age changes;
- metabolic disorders - vitamin-mineral deficiency causes rickets, osteodystrophy, osteoporosis;
- autoimmune disorders;
- hypodynamia (lack of movement).
Large dogs are more often affected by hip, knee joints (both in adults and puppies). Representatives of small and medium breeds are prone to spinal injuries (most often sacral and lumbar spine). Hunting dogs are characterized by arthritis and arthrosis. As a rule, this is due not only to excessive physical exertion or training of individuals who have not yet reached physiological maturity. Often, the causes of the disease lie in the overweight of the animal. It is important to know that every extra five kilograms increases the load on joints (knees) to 20 kg.
They have a great impact on injuries and climatic conditions. Seasonal exacerbation of chronic diseases was noted. Unfavorable conditions can be detrimental to animals brought from other regions. These include the Bordeaux Great Dane, Mastino Napolitano, Mastiff, Tosa Inu, Phil Brazilian and others.
For many breeds of damage, joints become "habitual", therefore, when choosing a puppy, you should know that besides timely vaccination and high-quality feed you will need to use chondroprotectors for dogs. The description of some drugs we will present in this article.
Algorithm of treatment
Animals with joint diseases need comprehensive treatment. Chondroprotectors for dogs in this case are mandatory, but, in addition, the load must be reduced, the inflammatory and painful syndrome removed, the mobility of the joint and limbs restored. Treatment involves the use of analgesics, NSAIDs.
Chondroprotectors for dogs of large breeds
Hyaluronic acid preparations ("Stride", "Bonharen") have proven themselves in clinical veterinary practice. The last chondroprotector for dogs promotes significant strengthening of cartilage of joint and easing of pain symptoms. It is especially important that these drugs have virtually no side effects.
In clinical studies of the use of "Bonharen" in the treatment of joint dysfunction, pain reduction was noted in dogs. The positive effect persisted for 6 months or more. Against the background of the application of this remedy, the protective properties of synovial fluid are increased, anabolic stimuli are stimulated and catabolic processes in the cartilage are slowed down.
The main difference and the main advantage of "Bonharen" from analogs is the ability to inject it intravenously. In this case, the inflamed joint is not injured additionally. Due to the fact that hyaluronic acid with a small molecular weight penetrates even to hard-to-reach places affected by the inflammatory process, Bonharen replenishes the deficit of elastic properties of the cartilage, reduces inflammation, pain and facilitates the movement of the animal. That is why today the drug considered by us is considered one of the best in the prevention and treatment of joint diseases.
In case of increased stress (agility, exposure of the exhibition), 1-3 injections of the drug are made, with joint dysfunction, which is accompanied by lameness, pain, treatment course is at least three injections with an interval of five days. Dosage is 0.01 ml per kilogram of dog weight.
It is a natural chondroprotector for dogs. It provides ease of movement. It is known that the defeat of joint function, associated with age, stress, trauma, significantly reduces the mobility and motor activity of the pet. Synovial fluid and cartilaginous tissue are the basis for the operation of the shoulder, hip and elbow joints.
"Stride" is a powder used for feeding. It provides an improvement in the condition of the cartilage and joints of the dog.
A natural chondroprotector for dogs of large breeds, which preserves joint mobility. It includes:
The listed chondroprotectors for dogs of large breeds are effective therapeutic agents, which refers to a new generation of drugs.
Treatment of dogs of small breeds
In small dogs, such as a Pekingese, a French Bulldog, a Schnauzer, a Poodle, a Spitz or a Bolonka, the most common disease is Lagga-Calva-Perthes disease. Anomaly of the joints is manifested in puppies at the age of six months, when it is possible to observe isolated foci of osteonecrosis in the neck and head of the femur. Gradually, the focus increases, the head of the bone is destroyed, and as a result, the joint cavity is affected. Clinically, the picture is very similar to dysplasia of the hip joint. Mobility decreases, pains appear, then lameness and partial muscle atrophy are added to them. During this period there is slight trauma of the limbs. Sometimes this disease affects both shoulder joints. The disease lasts a long time. With timely treatment, bone tissue is restored (in part), the function of the joint improves.
In puppies of some small breeds between the ages of four and ten months, aseptic necrosis of the femoral head can develop - a genetic disease. It is characterized by a violation of the blood supply, which leads after some time to the destruction of the hip joint. Symptoms of the disease - muscle atrophy, lameness, the animal does not attack the sick leg, it seems to be shortened. Chondroprotectors for dogs of small breeds are used to treat these ailments. Here are some of them.
This chondroprotector for dogs is a mixture of natural ingredients. Produced in granules.
"Arthrophyte" is intended for prevention and treatment of diseases of the ligamentous apparatus and joints. The drug is given to puppies from one and a half months old, as well as adults or the elderly.
I would like to draw the attention of owners to the fact that this chondroprotector for dogs, the instruction to which is attached to each package, should be used exactly in the dosage recommended in the description of the drug. Changes can only be made by the veterinarian.
The first two weeks should be given to the animal at 1.5 g per kilogram of body weight. Then three weeks to 1 gram. The last twenty-five days the dose is reduced to 0.5 grams per kilogram of weight.
At considerable physical loads (at feeding by natural products) the medicine can be applied long time, every 3 days on 0,5 g / kg.
This drug should be given to your pet with food or immediately after feeding, twice a day.
"Gelakan" and "Chondrokan"
These are Czech chondroprotectors for joints. For dogs, they were released by Orling. "Gelakan" and "Chondrokan" deserved many kind words from the owners of animals. They help to cope with various diseases of the joints, ligaments, tendons of our small four-legged pets.The main active substance of "Gelakan" is a high-quality natural hydrolyzate of collagen. It is a product of enzymatic hydrolysis of tissues containing collagen (animal skin, bones). In addition, proline and glycine are present in the preparation, which contribute to the synthesis of type II collagen. As you know, it is the basis of cartilaginous tissue.
Before use, the medicine should be dissolved in water. The diet should be administered gradually over a period of ten days, starting at 1/10 of the daily dose. The drug is mixed with the usual food for animals.
Many people know that it is much easier to prevent a disease than to treat it. So do not wait for the thunder to break out. Experienced breeders in advance worry about the health of their pet. At the earliest age the puppy is shown to the veterinarian, and he selects a suitable supplement for the baby that contains collagen.
Such drugs can be taken for two months twice a year. This will protect your pet from formidable joint diseases. In addition, experts have taken care that these drugs are perceived by dogs as a treat.
Veterinarians warn that chondroprotectors in powder, which we are now talking about, should be given strictly according to instructions. Any initiative in this matter can lead to negative consequences. Undiluted powder in water, added to the feed, can cause indigestion. This is explained by the large amount of protein in its composition.
A special drug created for the regeneration of joints, ligaments and cartilage, contributes to the easing of pain. Active substances:
For prevention, young animals are given 0.5 tablets per ten kilograms of weight. For intensive recovery of cartilage tissue, one tablet is required.
Can I replace chondroprotectors?
Such a replacement is not useful if it is an analgesic or anti-inflammatory drug. A unique composition, in which all components are balanced, chondroprotectors for dogs are famous. Than to replace such preparations? For prevention, you can recommend the use in the diet of animal products containing collagen and zlastin. This liver, sea fish, fish oil, egg yolks, cereals, etc. When the disease is diagnosed, such measures will clearly not be enough.
Today synthetic chondroprotectors are successfully replaced by natural ones, which experts consider more effective and safer. For example, in the shark cartilage is collagen. It is known that the cartilaginous tissue of sharks possesses a high capacity for regeneration. In other words, the rate of wound healing in these marine predators is much higher than in other animals. Drugs containing shark cartilage are characterized by analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
Substances that have a beneficial effect on animals with joint diseases (chondroitin and glucosamine) are contained in quality dry food. However, animal owners should understand that for effective therapy this is not enough. Treatment of joints, ligaments, tendons requires an integrated approach, the use of drugs that contain a quantitative and qualitative balance of the necessary substances - chondroprotectors.
It is impossible to name responses about these preparations unequivocal. Owners of four-legged patients have different assessments of chondroprotectors for dogs. Reviews of some - enthusiastic. Dog owners believe that it was these drugs that cured their pet. Others believe that they are completely useless.
As it turned out, the positive comments are left by the owners, who began to treat their pet at the initial stage of the disease, performed complex therapy, followed all the recommendations of the veterinarian concerning physical exertion.
Those who applied for help, when the disease was started, and did not undergo the full course of treatment, did not fulfill the requirements of a specialist, as a rule, leave negative reviews.
Many owners of dogs note that they were misled by incorrect advertising, which promises an instant cure. In fact, chondroprotectors are slow, so experienced dog breeders recommend patience and do not give up taking these medications. The best chondroprotectors for dogs are able to create a miracle.