Kholmogorsky geese: description of the breed and content
Geese belong to domesticated birds, which can be found in many yards. Today there are a lot of different species, each of which has its own differences. In this article, we'll talk about one of the popular breeds. Meet: Holmogorsky geese.
History of the breed
This is one of the very first breeds that were bred on the territory of our country. It is still not known exactly what breeds these birds originated from, but there is a suggestion that Chinese and Arzamas geese were crossed for this.
Its name, presumably, this species received in honor of the area on which it is most common. For the first time records about this breed appeared in 1885. Meanwhile, some believe that fabulous geese-swans are exactly the same geese of the Kholmogory breed. Local people say that these birds combine swan majesty and typical goose-like nature.
These poultry are divided into three types. They are divided by the color of plumage - it is gray-piebald, gray and white. The characteristic features of the Kholmogorsky goose are an elongated neck (something resembling the neck of a swan), a large head, decorated with bumps on the forehead, large, strongly curved, humpy down and a very strong beak, bright orange-yellow legs.
Kholmogorsky geese have a crease on the abdomen, a well developed and deep chest, a broad, strong and heavy body, and also a kind of "purse" that is located under the bird's neck.
The nature of these domestic birds is calm. They perfectly get along with other animals and can be in a large herd. Another feature of this breed is high acclimatization abilities. It is thanks to this that they can be bred in any region of the Russian Federation.
Economic useful qualities
Main characteristics of the breed:
- young stock is preserved at 92%;
- hatchability is 52%;
- percentage of fertilization - 81%;
- the weight of the egg - from 0.16 to 0.22 kg;
- geese carry about 20 eggs a year, the best representatives can bring about 50 eggs;
- live weight an average of eight kilograms, the best representatives can reach 12 kilograms.
Kholmogorsky geese are excellent and quickly fattened. The nares are very caring. Birds are distinguished by a high life expectancy. This breed was used in breeding such breeds as Lindov, Solnechnogorsk, Vladimir, etc.
How to keep
Many people wonder: "Where to buy Kholmogory geese?" This is not just a problem. As we already mentioned above, this breed can live in any region of our country, and it is not difficult to find a person selling goslings. But even before the acquisition of chicks or adults, the place of their residence should be properly prepared.
First of all, it is necessary to lay the foundation of the future gosyatnik. Be sure to make sure that the ground water in the place of the bookmark will not go up one level with the floor. It is best to build a house for geese made of wood. Floors must be covered with sawdust or straw.
Many domestic birds can barely tolerate the cold. Kholmogorsky geese are not afraid of frosts, which means that the straw bedding in the gooseberry may not be too thick. Meanwhile, do not make a floor covering of cement, it is better to use wood too.
Of course, there must be doors in the caterpillar. They should be installed on the side that is blown the least. If there is a constant draft in the room, the birds will stop eating and fall ill. It should be noted that Kholmogorsky geese like large spaces. The size of the future gusyatnik should be calculated by the formula: 1 bird = 1 square meter of the room. In order for the birds to walk well, arrange in the courtyard a small and not too deep pond or pool.
Kholmogory Goose is a beautiful, caring hen. However, to make them feel comfortable, in a special room should be dry and warm. The temperature should be at least five degrees. Often goose go in the end of winter, in February. Meanwhile, you can speed up this process. Correctly selected artificial lighting, which will prolong the light day, will lead to the fact that the birds will begin to swell already in January, at the beginning of the month. Therefore, if you want to place an ad with the text "selling Kholmogorski geese" before your competitors, it is worthwhile seriously tackling this issue.
Determine that soon a new masonry will begin, easily. The goose starts to behave very uneasily. Birds all the time moving around the nest and throwing straw. Keep an eye on the temperature in the room! If it is below zero, then eggs must be placed in a warm place. That Kholmogorsky geese were carried well, it is necessary to acquire several producers at once. Otherwise, the laying of the nets will be halved.
Content of chicks
After the goslings hatch, they must be laid on a dry litter. The chicks will get better and better if the temperature in the room provided by them does not exceed +22 degrees. On the paddock they begin to let go only after their paws will become stable. Take care that the goose does not fall on the back, they can not rise on their own and can simply suffocate.
In the warm season, the amount of feed should depend on the age of the chick and the weight of its body. In the winter season it is increased.
If it's hot outside, then the birds should be near the water. In the autumn, they are transferred to goose traps, which must be painted with hydrated lime.