Flu during pregnancy how to treat? Prevention and treatment of influenza during pregnancy
How dangerous is the flu during pregnancy? Than to treat it? The flu virus is most dangerous for its complications on the mother and child. Rare pregnancy without this widespread disease. It is necessary to ensure bed rest, a wet cleaning and the flow of fresh air into the room.
Self-medication is dangerous in any trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, when the first symptoms of the disease should consult a doctor. Healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition, light forms of conditioning will help to prevent disease will save you from serious complications.
The flu is an infectious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus. It is spread by airborne droplets. If a person is sick with the flu, sneezing and coughing, he passes the infection on. So the flu virus gets to the healthy people. In the body it is distributed by blood flow and destroys the mucosa of the respiratory tract.
The symptoms of the flu include:
Sweating in a state of flu gives way to chills. This is because body temperature is reduced. Then the person sweats. After some time, this state is replaced by chills. This means that the temperature rises again (sometimes up to 40° C).
First, it is necessary to correctly diagnose flu during pregnancy. "What cure him?" is the issue that must be addressed in the second turn. Symptoms of influenza are similar to some other viral diseases. You should contact your doctor for a proper diagnosis, not to self-medicate.
The consequences of influenza in pregnancy
Many different complications can cause the flu during pregnancy. Than to treat it? Not does it hurt the baby?
The flu virus can badly affect the condition of a pregnant woman affect the development of the fetus. The risk of miscarriage, premature birth are the complications of infectious diseases.
- The virus adversely affects the cardiovascular system. Can provoke heart failure.
- Cause complications such as pneumonia, sinusitis, bronchitis, otitis media, sinusitis.
- Flu contributes to the complication of chronic diseases (gastritis, asthma), leads to metabolic disorders.
After the disease, reduced immunity, resistance to various bacterial infections (pneumococcal, staphylococcal, Haemophilus).
Flu during pregnancy in the first trimester. How to treat
The flu is especially dangerous in early pregnancy, before 12 weeks. The virus from the blood stream can infect the fetus. Unfortunately, no doctor will be able to tell, as reflected in the development of the child flu during pregnancy. In the first trimester reviews ill women and doctors are inclined to believe that the consequences in each case may be different.
There is an assumption that the flu especially affects the Central nervous system, affecting the nerve cells of the fetus. You should know that the mother's body produces antibodies and is able to protect the embryo from the virus.
More dangerous are the consequences in the form of fetal death. 2-3 month of pregnancy is the formation of the organs of the embryo. Defects in their development can bring the flu during pregnancy in the first trimester. Than to treat it?
In the first 12 weeks should not take drugs. They can have a negative impact on the development of the baby. Definitely early in the disease to stay in bed, limit intake of salty foods. Only in the case of a high temperature (38.5° C) should take drugs with paracetamol (for example, "Ibuprofen").
Flu during pregnancy. Second trimester
You should know that during pregnancy there is a natural decline in immunity. This happens due to the fact that the cells of the child perceived by the mother as an alien. Only in this way can a woman carry a child.
The disease contributes to fetal hypoxia. Can damage the placenta, cause oligohydramnios, rupture of membranes before term. The risk of miscarriage carries the flu during pregnancy in the second trimester. Treatment from 12 to 24 a week better to start with a decoction of rose hips, chamomile. Drinking fruit drinks, compotes from dried fruits. Try to use folk remedies.
It is necessary during the disease to be in a well-ventilated area with room temperature not higher than 23° C. to Reduce activity, more rest. To limit food intake when your appetite.
In General, the influenza virus affects the process of birth. After the disease increased risk of blood loss, weakening labor.
Flu during pregnancy in the third trimester. How to treat
From 24 weeks the mother's body becomes most susceptible to influenza virus. Low immunity, susceptibility to infectious diseases contribute to complications during illness.
We must try to protect yourself from large crowds, especially during flu season. The incubation period can last from several hours to several days.
Possible intrauterine infection of the fetus, the development of hypoxia can form the flu during pregnancy in the third trimester. Treatment should begin at the first symptoms. Be sure to call to the house physician, to carry out all his recommendations.
If you had the flu during pregnancy in the third trimester, than to treat? You should give preference to traditional methods. To minimize the medication.
It is not recommended to appoint a the antiviral drugs. At high temperature, obvious muscle pain to take the drug "Paracetamol". In some cases doctors are allowed acetylsalicylic acid. A day to drink antipyretics should be no more than 4 times.
In any case, do not take antibiotics, painkillers. This should be done only on the advice of a physician when the condition raises serious concerns. Should not take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Allowed to gargle with a solution "Furatsilin" or baking soda. You can add to the treatment of medicine plant-based medicines for better expectoration.
With abundant cold to use a vasoconstrictor drug. It must be remembered that to bury them recommended no more than 3 days. In the case of a light it is best to limit washing the nose with saline.
Indications for hospitalization
- The lack of good home care, good working conditions.
- A complication of chronic diseases (cardiovascular, pyelonephritis, tonsillitis).
- The appearance of complications of influenza (pneumonia, damage to the nervous system).
Even folk remedies during pregnancy is better to use after consulting your doctor. Possible complications destruction of the fetus carries the flu during pregnancy. Than to treat it?
Tea with raspberry, honey, lemon you can make the entire pregnancy. Compote of cranberry, cranberry will help to reduce the temperature, excrete wastes.
Gargling with calendula, eucalyptus, sage it is recommended for sore throat. The cough will save the radish juice with honey poached figs with boiled milk. Soda inhalation will help with dry cough. For discharge of phlegm to choose a steam inhalation with herbs – chamomile, St. John's wort, oregano, lavender, eucalyptus. To inhale the vapors, covered with a towel, do not suggest at high temperature.
Nose fit featurestory of carrot juice, Apple added a few drops of pine oil. Aloe juice, beets can drip every 2-3 hours.
As a tonic you can take ginger tea. Grate the ginger (a teaspoon), pour 2 cups of boiling water. To taste add honey, lemon juice.
It is not recommended to keep the feet in hot water during pregnancy. Valid only warm bath for the lower extremities.
Prevention of flu
Vaccination against influenza is safe for mother and child. Contraindications for her first 14 weeks of pregnancy, individual intolerance, allergic to the drug.
Lack of stress, hypothermia is also included in the prevention of influenza. Proper diet, restful sleep, intake of vitamin preparations. You should use essential oils for aromatherapy. Rinse your mouth with water mixed with tincture of eucalyptus, calendula. To wear a gauze bandage during the flu epidemic. Periodically to iron her iron and wash.
- Not to walk in rainy weather or in strong winds.
- Regularly ventilate the apartment, to do wet cleaning.
- Dress for the weather, to lubricate the nose oxolinic ointment.
- To take vitamin teas (within reason).
- Already avoid the flu people.
- Spread out in the room sliced onions, garlic.