Fungus in dogs: symptoms and treatment
The skin is an important and largest organ in the dog, the main function of the barrier. Violation of the integrity of the skin causing negative consequences for your pet, so it is very careful to monitor his condition and take timely measures. A common problem is a fungus.
What is a fungus?
Fungus in dogs, or dermatitis, is a frequent reason for visits to veterinary clinics. This disease can develop in dogs at any age and under any conditions, even in the most good. To protect the pet from the appearance of the fungus is almost impossible, however, to cure it. Today there are many modern products that can successfully fight the disease. The main thing — time to recognize a problem and seek help.
Type of fungus there are many, but only some of them are dangerous for your pet.
How does a fungus?
Fungus in dogs can appear in the course of communication with individuals already suffering from this disease. After walking through contaminated grass, there is also a high probability of infection. However, the fungus can bring from the street and the owner of the shoes. These microorganisms are very dangerous. Some of them can harm not only the animal, but man.
Another case is low immunity of the dog or high sensitivity to diseases. On the skin of dogs is always present yeast fungus that does not cause any diseases. Under certain conditions the number of bacteria begins to increase, the result is Malassezia.
Fungus susceptible to puppies, young dogs, animals are weak after the illness, the animals prone to allergies and immune disorders.
Dermatitis is common in dogs with tangles and clumps of fur. The skin breathes badly under them, thereby reducing its protective function. Also, if excessive wash the dog cleansing shampoos skin loses its functions, and again can develop a fungus in dogs. Therefore it is not necessary often to bathe your pet, even if you think that the coat already looks dirty.
The reproduction rate of the fungus is very high, so at the slightest suspicion of its presence should be immediately sent to the clinic.
In the process of reproduction of microorganism immunity at dogs decreases, despite the fact that vaccination was done. Dermatitis affects deep layers of the skin that leads to inflammation of the follicle. And this creates the most favourable environment for the subsequent emergence of other parasites.
Where there is a fungus in dogs?
Generally, the onset of the disease has a certain pattern. Initially, there is a fungus in dogs on paws and ears.
Sometimes it appears only on the interdigital region, the skin around the claws and the paws. Skin can become rough, inflamed and cracked, popping the crust or scales, claws turn yellow and start to bend.
Fungus in dogs paws is most likely to occur in autumn and spring. Pet begins to limp, to chew on the affected area. Also appearing could be a fungus in the ear of the dog, on the inner surface without hair. Because in these places the hair is scarce, there is the easiest way to spot the disease. Fungus of the ears in dogs carries a risk, because if a strong itch pet will actively scratch the area and can damage the ear.
Just like any disease, fungus in dogs symptoms your has. The primary symptom by which to determine the presence of infection is itching. To recognize this moment not working, because any landlord will immediately notice when his pet starts to itch often. In places where itching is dry skin.
Possible infection with dermatophytosis, while on the dog's skin are formed of rounded bald patches. May appear purulent discharge, resulting in formation of a crust. This fungus invades the hair follicles. In the future, they may not fully recover, and the stains will remain forever.
Dogs are susceptible to infection with this fungus as favus. The affected areas of the body emit an unpleasant odor. Appear on the skin rounded spots with crusts of grayish-yellow hue. After getting rid of the infection hair there can also not be restored.
There are times when the fungus enters the skin at the follicle, and then develop a chronic form of the disease. Pet with chronic athlete's foot can infect animals and humans.
Who is susceptible to the disease?
The fungus occurs usually in young dogs, as they have weak immunity. The development of the disease affects of poor diet, hormonal imbalance and therapy using corticosteroids.
The incubation period of the disease 8-30 days. To determine the type of disease and ways to treat it is impossible, therefore, to take any action without consulting a doctor is not necessary.
An appointment at the vet
The vet will conduct a comprehensive inspection of the pet, if necessary, appoint additional methods of diagnosis, for example, a study using lamp, microscopy. Only after the identified fungus in dogs, the treatment can be carried out.
The development of fungal infection contributes to the high level of humidity, because the organism actively multiplies in warm and light. Veterinarians recommend, on this basis, do not walk your pet during the day.
Fungus without symptomatic manifestations
It happens that symptoms are not observed at all, however, the fungus is present. You may notice that periodically fall off the hairs, but if the infection occurred long ago, the coat becomes dull, is getting confused and looks presentable after just a few days after washing. Many attribute these processes to moult, seasonal, from change of food or shampoo. However, the coat will remain in this state until action is taken. Sometimes you see small bald spots slightly ashen skin, but if the coat of the pet long to discover them is almost impossible.
It can happen for different reasons. Maybe pet good resistance to disease or the causative agent is not very dangerous. But in any case, finding such symptoms, you need to take a scraping of the skin, to ensure that the quantity of fungi does not exceed the norm.
How to cure fungus from dogs? It all starts with diagnosis
The vet with the lamp enlighten the wool. If the fungus is there, you will see the emerald color. But it is necessary to take into account the fact that half of the existing fungi do not give a similar glow.
Diagnostic lamp does not give absolutely no information other than a belief in the presence of the fungus.
If the veterinarian immediately prescribe all sorts of pills and ointments without the other tests, the disease can be fought for many years. So you need or to pursue diagnosis, or to refer to another doctor.
Need a comprehensive analysis to determine the type of fungus, bacteria, their rate of reproduction, sensitivity to drugs. It's not exactly a cheap service.
How to identify fungus?
To identify a skin fungus in dogs you can use the following tests:
- Blood for bacteriology. May be such that the pet is sensitive to cocci and other bacteria, and the fungus is a secondary infection. In this case, it is necessary to eliminate the source of the disease.
- The blood on the determination of allergic reactions. Allergies may not always appear to have pronounced symptoms. If the skin inflammation associated with pet allergies, the fungus will appear all the time, even after seemingly successful treatment. First of all it is necessary to eliminate the allergen.
- Blood and urine samples for extended biochemical analyses. It is important to know the health of the pet, because the fungus is in the dog appears at the moment of weakened immunity or with chronic diseases. The test will show whether there are failures in the operation of any of the bodies.
Having the results of the tests, the vet will immediately be able to determine how to treat fungus in dogs. It is important to choose those drugs that will not just weaken the microorganism and destroy it.
Drugs to fight the fungus
If the dog's skin only a few spots, receding hairline, apply ointments and solutions:
If the affected areas have a large area, the use of such tools dangerous, because antifungal drugs are toxic. In this case, use the shampoo:
Also used drugs in pill or injection in combination with Immunostimulants.
There are times when the place was put an injection, there is an allergic reaction. To prevent this from happening, the dog additionally you can enter diphenhydramine.
To eliminate fungus in dogs, treatment is prescribed anti-fungal antibiotics but they can cause disruption of the gastrointestinal tract and liver.
Definitely need to check with the doctor transferred this fungus to other animals and humans. If the answer is positive during treatment pet need to wear gloves. It is best to isolate the dog for a while, you can use a separate room or enclosure. But the pet should not feel abandoned because of a stressful situation reduces the immune system.
Self — treatment is the aggravation of the situation
If someone you know gives you advice on how to get rid of fungus, or divided by medical consultations, it is not necessary to use them. Each case is individual, and not to harm your pet, you should not self-medicate. Since often fungus in dogs, photos of diseases and treatments is not hard to find. Many, believing that it is not such a serious illness start to look for information and carry out treatment independently. But this is not worth it. Not only that, you can spend a lot of money on unnecessary drugs that can also aggravate the situation and harm the health of the animal.
Once discovered the fungus in the dog, is to throw all bedding, disinfect toys and other items, has interacted with the dog. Replace a comb and brush for a new one.
Prevention of the disease
Prevention of the fungus is in compliance with the hygiene and maintenance of the immune system of the dog. You should refrain from walking your pet in the places where we walk the dogs. You also need to observe proper diet and to give the animal enough exercise. Definitely need to buy pet vitamins to enhance immunity.
Vaccination against the fungus are ineffective, and besides, sometimes it worsens the situation. To protect pet from intrusion is impossible, however, if detected on time, the disease, you can contact your veterinarian to eliminate the infection.
If you have absolutely no way to visit a vet you can make a fungal cream with their hands. This requires natural birch tar, sulfur ointment, and aspirin. Take 25 g ointment, 2 pills acid and 1 teaspoon of tar. Then all mix well. This medication is considered to be an analogue of the ointment "Yam", will cost much cheaper.
The dog — man's best friend, and if you decide to take responsibility for the content of the animal, then you need to understand that any pet needs proper care, nutrition, attention and treatment. Every animal is susceptible to various diseases for one reason or another. Regularly going to the doctor can identify diseases at an early stage of their development. Need a home inspection dogs every day because there are many infections that a pet can get on the street.