Fungus in dogs: symptoms and treatment
Skin is an important and largest organ in a dog, the main function of which is barrier. Violation of the integrity of the skin leads to negative consequences for the pet, so it is very necessary to monitor its condition and take timely measures. One of the most common problems is the fungus.
What is a fungus?
Fungus in dogs, or dermatophysis, is a common reason for visiting veterinary clinics. This ailment can develop in a dog at any age and under any conditions of detention, even with the best. To save a pet from the appearance of a fungus is almost impossible, but you can cure it. Today, there are many modern drugs that can successfully fight the disease. The main thing is to recognize the problem in time and ask for help.
There are many kinds of fungus, but only a few of them are dangerous for the pet.
How does the fungus appear?
Fungus in dogs can appear in the course of communication with individuals already suffering from this disease. After walking through the contaminated grass, there is also a high likelihood of infection. However, the fungus can be brought from the street and the owner himself on shoes. These microorganisms are quite dangerous. Some of them can harm not only the animal, but also the person.
Another case is the low immunity of a dog or a high sensitivity to diseases. On the skin of dogs there is always a yeast fungus that does not cause any diseases. Under certain conditions, the number of bacteria begins to increase, resulting in malasshesia.
Fungi are susceptible to puppies, young dogs, weak animals after illness, animals prone to allergies and immune pathologies.
Dermatophysis is a common occurrence in dogs with coats and lumps of wool. The skin does not breathe well under them, as a result of which its protective function is reduced. Also, with excessive washing of the dog with cleansing shampoos, the skin loses its functions, and again the fungus can develop in dogs. Therefore, do not often bathe your pet, even if you think that the coat looks dirty.
The speed of reproduction of the fungus is very high, therefore, with the slightest suspicion of its presence, it is necessary to immediately go to the clinic.
In the process of multiplication of microorganism, the immunity in the dog decreases, even despite the fact that vaccinations have been made. Dermatophysis affects the deep layers of the skin, which leads to inflammation of the follicles. And this creates the most favorable environment for the subsequent occurrence of other parasites.
Where does the fungus appear in the dog?
As a rule, the onset of the disease has a certain pattern. At first, a fungus appears in the dog on the paws and in the ears.
Sometimes it appears only on the interdigital area, on the skin around the claws and the pads of the paws. The skin becomes rough, inflamed and cracked, crusts or scales appear, claws turn yellow and begin to bend.
Fungus in dogs on the feet most often occurs in the autumn and spring periods. The pet begins to limp, gnaw the affected area. Also, a fungus may appear in the ear in a dog, on the inner surface without hair. Since in these places the scalp is lean, it's easier to notice the disease. The fungus of the ears in dogs carries a danger, because with severe itching the pet will actively scratch the area and can damage the auricle.
Symptoms of the disease
Like any disease, the fungus in dogs has its own symptoms. The primary symptom by which infection can be detected is itching. Recognize this moment of labor will not be, because any owner will immediately notice when his pet starts to itch often. In places where itching occurs, skin peeling develops.
Possible infections and trichophytosis, while on the skin of the dog formed rounded bald patches. There may appear purulent discharge, resulting in the formation of crusts. This fungus infects the hair follicles. In the future, they may not be fully restored, and the stains will remain forever.
Dogs are prone to infection with a fungus such as favus. Affected areas of the body produce an unpleasant smell. On the skin appear rounded spots with crusts of gray-yellow shade. After getting rid of the infection, the hair there may also not recover.
There are cases when the fungus of the skin passes to the follicles, and then the chronic form of the disease develops. A pet with chronic mycosis can infect animals and humans.
Who is affected by the disease?
Fungus occurs, as a rule, in young dogs, because they do not have enough strong immunity. Also, malnutrition, hormonal imbalance and corticosteroid therapy affect the development of the disease.
The incubation period of the disease is 8-30 days. It is impossible to determine the type of the disease by itself and the ways of treatment, so it is not worth taking any measures without consulting a doctor.
At a reception with a veterinarian
The veterinarian will conduct a comprehensive examination of the pet, if necessary, prescribe other methods of diagnosis, for example, a study using a lamp, microscopy. Only after the fungus is detected in the dog, treatment can be carried out.
The development of mycosis is promoted by a high level of humidity, because the microorganism actively multiplies in warmth and light. Veterinarians recommend, on this basis, not to walk your pet during the day.
Fungus without symptomatic manifestations
It happens that there are no symptoms at all, but the fungus is present. You can see how the wool is periodically crumbled, and if the infection has occurred for a long time, then the coat becomes dull, starts to get confused and looks unpresentable after just a few days after washing. Many write off these processes for molting - seasonal, from a change in food or shampoo. However, the wool will remain in this state until action is taken. Sometimes you can see small bald spots of slightly grayed skin, but if the pet's hair is long, it is practically impossible to detect them.
This can happen for various reasons. Perhaps a pet has a good resistance to the disease or a pathogen is not very dangerous. But in any case, after detecting such symptoms, it is necessary to give a scraping of the skin to make sure that the amount of fungus does not exceed the norm.
How to cure a fungus in a dog? It all starts with a diagnosis
The vet will enlighten the coat with the help of a lamp. If the fungus is present, then the emerald color will be visible. But it is worth taking into account the fact that half of the existing fungi do not give such a glow.
Diagnosis by the lamp does not give absolutely any information, except for the conviction in the presence of the fungus.
If the veterinarian immediately prescribes all kinds of pills and ointments without performing other tests, then the disease can be fought for many years. Therefore, you need to either insist on continuing the diagnosis, or contact another doctor.
A complex analysis is necessary to determine the type of fungus, the number of bacteria, the rate of their reproduction, sensitivity to drugs. This is not quite a cheap service.
How to identify the fungus?
Identify the skin fungus in dogs can be using the following tests:
- Delivery of blood to bacteriology. It may be that the pet is sensitive to cocci and other bacteria, and the fungus itself is a secondary infection. In this case, you need to eliminate the source of the disease.
- Blood delivery for the definition of allergic reactions. Allergy can not always manifest and have pronounced symptoms. If the inflammation of the pet's skin is associated with an allergy, the fungus will appear all the time, even after a seemingly successful treatment. First of all, you need to eliminate the allergen.
- Delivery of blood and urine for detailed biochemical analysis. It is important to find out the health status of the pet, since the fungus in the dog appears precisely at the moment of weakened immunity or against the background of chronic ailments. Analyzes will show whether there are failures in the work of any organs.
Having on hand the results of the tests, the veterinarian can immediately determine how to treat the fungus in the dog. It is important to choose those drugs that will not only weaken the microorganism, but destroy it.
Preparations for the control of fungus
If the skin of the dog only a few spots with bald patches, then apply ointments and solutions:
If the lesions have a large area, the use of such drugs is dangerous, since antifungal drugs are toxic. In this case, use shampoos:
Also used drugs in tablets or injections in combination with immunostimulants.
There are times when an allergic reaction appears on the spot where the injection was taken. To prevent this from happening, the dog can additionally be administered diphenhydramine.
To eliminate the fungus in a dog, treatment is prescribed antifungal antibiotics, but they can cause disruption of the digestive tract and liver.
It is necessary to clarify with the doctor whether this type of fungus is transmitted to other animals and humans. With a positive response during the treatment of the pet, you should wear gloves. It is best to isolate the dog for a while, for this you can use a separate room or aviary. But the pet should not feel abandoned, because stressful situations reduce immunity.
Self-management - aggravation of the situation
If someone from your acquaintances gives you advice on how to get rid of the fungus yourself, or shares advice from a doctor, do not use them. Each case is individual, and not to harm the pet, you should not self-medicate. Since often there is a fungus in a dog, photos of diseases and also methods of treatment are not difficult to find. Many, believing that this is not such a serious ailment, begin to look for information and conduct treatment on their own. But this should not be done. Not only can you spend a lot of money on unnecessary drugs, you can also aggravate the situation and damage the health of the animal.
As soon as a fungus is found in the dog, it is worth to throw out all the litter, disinfect toys and other objects with which the dog has been in contact. Replace the combs and brushes with new ones.
Prevention of disease
Prevention of fungus is to maintain hygiene and maintain the immunity of the dog. It is necessary to refrain from walking the pet in places where stray dogs walk. It is also necessary to observe the correct diet and give the animal sufficient physical activity. Necessarily need to buy a pet vitamins to enhance immunity.
Vaccination against the fungus is ineffective, in addition, sometimes it worsens the situation. Protecting the pet from infection is impossible, however, when you notice the disease in time, you can contact the veterinarian and destroy the infection.
If you have absolutely no opportunity to visit a veterinarian, you can make an antifungal ointment with your own hands. This requires natural birch tar, sulfuric ointment and acetylsalicylic acid. We take 25 g of ointment, 2 tablets of acid and 1 tsp. tar. Then we mix everything well. This medicine is considered to be an analogue of the "Yam" ointment, only it will be cheaper at times.
A dog is a person's friend, and if you decide to take responsibility for the animal's content, you must understand that any pet needs proper care, nourishment, attention and treatment. After all, every animal is susceptible to various diseases for one reason or another. Regularly referring to a doctor, you can identify ailments at an early stage of their development. Do a home inspection of the dog daily, because there are many infections that a pet can get on the street.