Fungus in dogs: symptoms and treatment
The skin is an important and largest organ in a dog, the main function of which is barrier. Violation of the integrity of the skin causes negative consequences for the pet, so you need to carefully monitor its condition and take action in time. One of the common problems is fungus.
What is a fungus?
Fungus in dogs, or dermatophyses, is a common reason for visiting veterinary clinics. This disease can develop in a dog at any age and under any conditions, even with the best. It is almost impossible to save a pet from the appearance of the fungus, but it can be cured. Today there are many modern drugs that allow you to successfully fight the disease. The main thing - time to recognize the occurrence of the problem and ask for help.
Varieties of fungus, there are many, but only some of them are dangerous for the pet.
How does a fungus appear?
Fungi in dogs can appear during communication with individuals already suffering from this disease. After walking through the polluted grass, there is also a high probability of infection. However, the fungus can bring from the street and the owner himself on the shoes. These microorganisms are quite dangerous. Some of them can harm not only the animal, but also man.
Another case is a low immunity of the dog or high sensitivity to diseases. There is always a yeast fungus on the skin of dogs that does not cause any diseases. Under certain conditions, the number of bacteria begins to increase, resulting in Malasseziya.
Puppies, young dogs, weak animals after an illness, animals prone to allergies and with immune pathologies are susceptible to fungi.
Dermatophyse is a frequent occurrence in dogs with mats and hairballs. The skin does not breathe well under them, resulting in a decrease in its protective function. Also, with excessive washing of the dog with cleansing shampoos, the skin loses its function, and again a fungus can develop in dogs. Therefore, you should not often bathe your pet, even if it seems to you that the wool already looks contaminated.
The rate of reproduction of the fungus is very high, so with the slightest suspicion of its presence, you must immediately go to the clinic.
In the process of reproduction of the microorganism, the dog's immunity decreases, even though vaccinations have been made. Dermatophysis affects the deep skin layers, which leads to inflammation of the follicles. And this creates the most favorable environment for the subsequent emergence of other parasites.
Where does fungus arise in a dog?
As a rule, the onset of the disease has a definite pattern. At first, the fungus appears in the dog's paws and ears.
Sometimes it appears only on the interdigital area, on the skin around the claws and the paw pads. The skin becomes rough, inflamed and cracked, crusts or scales appear, claws turn yellow and begin to bend.
Fungus in dogs on their paws most often occurs in the autumn and spring periods. Pet begins to limp, gnaw the affected area. There may also be a fungus in the ear of the dog, on the inner surface without hair. Since in these places the scalp is scanty, it is easiest to notice the disease. The fungus of the ears in dogs carries a danger, because with a strong itch the pet will actively scratch the area and may damage the auricle.
Symptoms of the disease
Like any disease, the fungus in dogs has its symptoms. The primary symptom by which you can determine if an infection is present is itching. Recognize this moment of work will not be, because any owner will immediately notice when his pet begins to itch often. In places where itching occurs, skin scaling occurs.
Trichophytosis infections are also possible, with rounded hairs forming on the dog's skin. Purulent discharge may occur, resulting in crusts. This fungus affects the hair follicles. In the future, they may not fully recover, and the spots will remain forever.
Dogs are susceptible to infection with a fungus like favus. The affected areas of the body produce an unpleasant odor. On the skin appear round spots with crusts of gray-yellow color. After getting rid of the infection, the hair there may also not recover.
There are cases when the skin fungus moves to the follicles, and then the chronic form of the disease develops. A pet with chronic mycosis can infect animals and people.
Who is affected?
The fungus occurs, as a rule, in young dogs, since they are still not sufficiently strong immunity. Also, poor nutrition, hormonal imbalance and corticosteroid therapy affect the development of the disease.
The incubation period of the disease is 8-30 days. It is impossible to determine the type of the disease and methods of treatment yourself, therefore it is not worth taking any measures without consulting a doctor.
At the reception at the vet
The veterinarian will conduct a comprehensive inspection of the pet, if necessary, appoint other methods of diagnosis, for example, a study using a lamp, microscopy. Only after the fungus has been identified in the dog, treatment can be carried out.
The development of mycosis contributes to a high level of humidity, because the microorganism multiplies actively in the heat and light. Veterinarians recommend, on this basis, not to walk a pet during the day.
Fungus without symptomatic manifestations
It happens that the symptoms are not observed at all, but the fungus is present. You can notice how the hairs periodically fall off, and if the infection has happened long ago, then the wool becomes dull, begins to get confused and looks unpresentable only a few days after washing. Many people blamed these processes for molting - seasonal, from changing feed or shampoo. However, the wool will remain in this state until action is taken. Sometimes small patles of slightly gray skin can be noticed, but if the coat is long, it is practically impossible to detect them.
This can happen for a variety of reasons. It is possible that the pet has a good resistance to the disease or the pathogen is not very dangerous. But in any case, having detected such symptoms, it is necessary to pass a skin scraping to make sure that the amount of the fungus does not exceed the norm.
How to cure a fungus in a dog? It all starts with the diagnosis
A veterinarian using a lamp will enlighten wool. If a fungus is present, an emerald color will be visible. But it is necessary to take into account the fact that half of the existing fungi do not give a similar glow.
Diagnostics by a lamp gives absolutely no information except conviction in the presence of a fungus.
If a veterinarian immediately prescribes all sorts of pills and ointments without performing other tests, then the disease can be combated for many years. Therefore, you need to either insist on the continuation of the diagnosis, or contact another doctor.
A complex analysis is needed to determine the type of fungus, the number of bacteria, their rate of reproduction, and sensitivity to drugs. This is not a cheap service.
How to identify the fungus?
To identify the skin fungus in dogs, you can use the following tests:
- Blood donation for bacteriology. It may be that the pet is sensitive to cocci and other bacteria, and the fungus itself is a secondary infection. In this case, you need to eliminate the source of the disease.
- Blood donation for the determination of allergic reactions. Allergies can not always manifest and have pronounced symptoms. If the pet's skin inflammation is associated with allergies, then the fungus will appear all the time, even after seemingly successful treatment. First you need to eliminate the allergen.
- Blood and urine donation for a detailed biochemical analysis. It is important to find out the state of health of the pet, because the fungus in the dog appears precisely at the moment of weakened immunity or against the background of chronic ailments. Analyzes will show whether there are failures in the work of any organs.
With the results of tests performed, the veterinarian can instantly determine how to treat the fungus in a dog. It is important to choose those drugs that will not only weaken the microorganism, but destroy it.
Preparations for the fight against fungus
If the dog’s skin has only a few spots with balding patches, then ointments and solutions are used:
If the lesions have a large area, then the use of such agents is dangerous, since anti-fungal drugs are toxic. In this case, use shampoos:
Also used drugs in pills or injections in combination with immunostimulants.
There are cases when an allergic reaction appears at the place where the injection was given. To prevent this from happening, the dog can additionally be given diphenhydramine.
To eliminate the fungus in a dog, treatment is prescribed with antifungal antibiotics, however, they can cause disruption of the gastrointestinal tract and liver.
It is necessary to check with the doctor whether this type of fungus is transmitted to other animals and humans. If the answer is positive during the treatment of the pet you need to wear gloves. It is best to isolate the dog for a while, for this you can use a separate room or an aviary. But the pet should not feel abandoned, because stressful situations reduce immunity.
Self-treatment - aggravating the situation
If someone you know gives you advice on how to get rid of the fungus on your own, or shares the advice of a doctor, you should not use them. Each case is individual, and in order not to harm the pet, you should not self-medicate. Since a fungus often occurs in a dog, it is not difficult to find photo diseases and treatment methods. Many, believing that this is not such a serious illness, begin to look for information and carry out treatment on their own. But this is not worth doing. Not only can you spend a lot of money on unnecessary drugs, you can also aggravate the situation and harm the health of the animal.
As soon as a fungus is found in a dog, it is worth throwing out all the litters, sanitizing toys and other items with which the dog has been in contact. Replace combs and brushes with new ones.
Prevention of the fungus is hygiene and maintaining the dog's immunity. It is necessary to refrain from walking the pet in places where stray dogs are walking. It is also necessary to observe the correct diet and give the animal sufficient physical activity. Be sure to buy a pet vitamins to improve immunity.
Vaccination against the fungus is ineffective, in addition, sometimes it worsens the situation. It is impossible to protect a pet from infection, however, having noticed the disease in time, you can turn to a veterinarian and destroy the infection.
If you have absolutely no opportunity to visit the vet, you can do antifungal ointment with your own hands. This requires natural birch tar, sulfur ointment and acetylsalicylic acid. Take 25 g of ointment, 2 acid tablets and 1 tsp. the tar. Then mix everything well. This medicine is considered to be an analogue of the Yam ointment, only costing much less.
A dog is a man's friend, and if you decide to take responsibility for the maintenance of an animal, then you need to understand that any pet needs proper care, nutrition, attention and treatment. After all, each animal is subject to different diseases for one reason or another. Regularly referring to a doctor, you can identify ailments at an early stage of their development. Do a home inspection of the dog every day, as there are many infections that a pet can get on the street.