Rotting of fins: treatment in a common aquarium with peroxide
Sometimes the aquarist notices that yesterday there are still healthy fish on the edges of the tail or fins a white rim appears. With its growth, the tissues exfoliate from the appendages and die off. Thus manifests itself as one of the most common diseases of aquarium fish - fin rot. You can fight this scourge in many ways. Very often for this purpose, for example, hydrogen peroxide is used.
What fish can fall ill
Most often fin rot develops in barbs, blue neon, goldfish, labyrinthine and gingerbread. Especially dangerous is the disease for the young. The fin and tail tissues of these fish are still very tender and "dissolve" due to rot almost instantly. Adult individuals pick up rot more rarely, and the disease itself is easier for them.
But, of course, the greatest danger is rot for the fish with luxurious tails and fins. Basically it concerns such handsome men as valeleths. The beginning of the disease can completely reduce the decorative qualities of these aquarium inhabitants to no. Therefore, the most useful way to know how to treat it and prevent it is to the owners of this popular variety of goldfish.
Main causes of development
Causes fin feces a special kind of bacteria - Pseudomonas fluorescens. The main causes of infection are:
- poor-quality water;
- improper feeding;
- aggression of other fish;
- stress and infection (bacterial).
What drugs can be used
If there is a disease such as fin rot, in goldfish, treatment can be done either by purchasing means or by the usual household ones, which are always available at hand. The same applies to other species of aquarium inhabitants. Most often this disease is used:
Sometimes owners of aquariums use other drugs in detecting such a disease, as fin rot, in goldfish. Treatment with methylene blue, for example, can give a definite result. However, the remedy is not too strong and it does not always help. Of the purchased special preparations usually use TetraMedica General Tonic and SeraBaktopur. These are very effective tools. You can also try to heal the rot with bicillin-5 or malachite green (not to be confused with the diamond).
How to treat properly
Treatment for fin rot is best performed in a common aquarium. This can prevent the re-development of the disease or the infection of other fish. The fact that rotting bacteria enter the aquarium usually with river ground, food or taken from open reservoirs by plants. Thus, disinfection, carried out directly on the site, will get rid of, including the very cause of the disease.
In a separate vessel, fin rot is treated only if there are any healthy fish in the aquarium that do not tolerate the drug chosen for this purpose. Before the beginning of the procedure, the water in the aquarium must be replaced by 30-50%. It will also be necessary to raise the temperature to the maximum allowable for this particular species of fish. If there are healthy representatives of the fauna in the aquarium that do not tolerate warm water, which is sick with rot of the "patient", it is still necessary to treat it in a separate vessel. In this case, the aquarium itself in the future will need to be disinfected separately. To do this, all fish and snails are removed from it, and then they remove and thoroughly wash the soil and plants in a solution of bicillin-5. Plastic and ceramic decorations for disinfection can be simply boiled.
The use and principle of the action of peroxide
Fin fin rot in goldfish, labyrinthine, viviparous, etc. with the help of this remedy can be cured quite quickly. The principle of peroxide is simple. First, it saturates the water with oxygen (which is useful for fish in any case), and secondly, it oxidizes the organic matter well, from which the components of the cells of the disease causing bacteria are composed.
Fin fin rot: treatment in a common aquarium with hydrogen peroxide
Apply H2 O2. of course, should be correct. To treat fish from fin rot, a 3% solution of this substance is used. It is such a peroxide sold in pharmacies in liquid form. If necessary, you can make a 3% solution and from the tablets. For a glass of water they will need 6 pcs. For the treatment of fin rot, you need 2-2.5 ml of funds per 10 liters of water.
Of course, it is impossible to pour a pharmacy or a solution prepared from tablets directly from a glass or a bottle into an aquarium. After all, you can accidentally get a stream on some fish and burn it. The same applies to plants. It is better to dilute the necessary amount of peroxide with water in a half liter jar and gently pour everything into the filter jet. Add H2 O2 when treating a disease such as fin rot, the aquarium should be 1-2 times a day until the fish recover (7-14 days).
Since after using this tool in the aquarium there are many dead organics, during the treatment should be replaced every day at least 30% of the water. Otherwise, rotting residues can cause poisoning in fish.
Peroxide - a cheap and effective enough. If it gets into the aquarium, an active reaction begins. In this case, the substance decomposes into two harmless components - oxygen and water. But despite this, the use of peroxide is only if it is found that the rot of the fins of voyalevostov, barbs, viviparous, etc., is in severe form. At the initial stage of fish it is better to treat with some more sparing purchase means. In any case, add the peroxide to the aquarium in quantities of no more than 2.5 ml per 10 liters of water. Otherwise, water plants will be damaged. In particular, they do not like vallisneria peroxide, mosses of all kinds, kambobs and hornwort. Adding the same 4 ml of this substance to the aquarium in 10 liters will be dangerous for the fish themselves. Peroxide bacteria have no particular effect on peroxide, fortunately, it does not.
How to treat rot with salt
This is another cheap and quite effective tool. A very good solution may be its use in detecting such a disease as fin rot, in goldfish. Salt treatment for some other types of fish, unfortunately, is contraindicated. Do not tolerate its presence in the water, for example, barbs and all labyrinth. The animals, on the other hand, love her very much. Therefore, salt can be treated with fin rot, not only in vealehvosts and ordinary goldfish, but also in guppies, sword-bearers and molly. The correct dosage in this case will be 1 st.l -1.
Treatment with streptocid and levomycetin
Both of these funds can be purchased at the pharmacy without a prescription and at a low cost. Levomycetin can have a negative effect on the microflora of biofilters. Therefore, for treatment in a general aquarium, it should be used as carefully as possible. The required dose of levomycetin is 500 mg per 10 liters. Its beneficial effect on the fins of fish is a remedy for 48 hours. Then it will be necessary to replace as much water as possible. Then again add 500 mg of the agent to the aquarium (and so on up to four times).
Antibiotics are generally a very good remedy for such a disease as fin rot, in goldfish. Treatment with streptocide, for example, can also be carried out in a separate tank or a common aquarium. Of course, this drug can be a good solution for any other species of fish. The required dose of streptocide in the detection of rot is 10-20 g per 10 liters. This amount of the drug should be added to the aquarium every 8 days for a month. And of course, in this case it is also worthwhile to do a substitution of water in the aquarium.
How to prevent the disease
Infected fin rot usually only fish with weakened immunity. Therefore, the prevention of infection with Pseudomonas fluorescens is primarily a good care for aquarium inhabitants. To prevent infection, it is also necessary to disinfect the new soil before laying it. It is not necessary to plant in the aquarium and no plants taken from ponds, lakes or rivers. To provoke the development of fin rot in fish, among other things, the water temperature may be too low. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the correct operation of the thermostat.