The main stage in the formation of a person as a person, or What is adolescence
In dry scientific language, one can easily answer the question of what adolescence is. This is the age between childhood and adulthood. But in life it is sometimes very difficult to draw a clear line in the place when the time for dolls and machines ends and an adult independent life begins. Perhaps, for mom and dad this age will never come.
How to release the child?
Current habits and methods of upbringing are such that it is considered the norm if the child lives in the family even while studying at the institute, although a few decades ago teenagers were sent to educational institutions in fact by children, aged 11-12. In tsarist Russia, the term "young man" was born, which concerned mostly young men who left their own family as students to various artisans, clergymen, nobles.
But the beloved sons and daughters of their parents are eager to show their independence, independence, visually demonstrate all their behavior, what is adolescence. The difficulties of transitional age are a necessity that must be lived and overcome by every person. At this age, cardinal changes take place in psychology, physiology. And sometimes yesterday's child is very difficult to self-understand and understand all these transformations.
Under what age range falls the period of adolescence?
What is adolescence is difficult for contemporaries to understand. In the twenty-first century, it is customary to say "teenager" or in the Western manner - "teenager." Translation from English literally can be perceived as age from 13 to 19 years (teen - the human age period in this framework,age - age). This term has got accustomed and is widely applied both in the scientific literature, and in a life. He directly characterizes adolescence, the age inherent in it. But at the same time, Western psychologists have moved away from a clear classification and the alignment of all children under one comb. The period after childhood for someone can start at 11 years and end at 19, and someone will begin to grow closer to 13-14 years, while the transition age itself may not last longer than 15-16 years. Everything is purely individual. In addition, in girls, these processes pass earlier and are slightly easier than for boys.
Difficulties of Transitional Age
The psychic of girls is more stable, they rarely give in to a rebellious mood, perhaps because of communication with the mother, who really delves into their problems and experiences. Boys begin to feel the changes in the body, realize that they are becoming adults, but dependence on the will of relatives presses and embarrasses. All this can lead to isolation, detachment, conflicts both at home and at school, on the street.
In general, conflict situations make it clear what adolescence is, identify all of its problems, imperfections in upbringing, complexes, and the level of stability of the teenager's psyche. To avoid problems in the family, few people succeed in this period. It is difficult for parents to realize that the favorite child ceases to be a child, he needs to learn to listen, to reduce the level of control and gradually let go. The role of a full-fledged and authoritarian manager is the mistake that will inevitably lead to quarrels and misunderstandings between close people.
Features of communication of adolescents with peers, teachers, parents
The differences of adolescence from childhood outside of family and school, among peers, friends and enemies are also very clearly traced. This is the age of the formation of personality and maximalism, which is inherent in idealization and polarity in thinking. If children perceive everything literally enough, then in the adolescence, the first attempts and skills of making logical conclusions begin. Teenagers are trying to win a place under the sun, the first steps to consolidate their status in the society, the struggle for leadership, authority.
It changes with the advent of adolescence and a look at school, teachers. If earlier the teacher and his words were not questioned, now the contestation, defending one's personal opinion begins.
In the period of adolescence, parents need to give their child much attention, learn not only to listen to him, but also listen, consult. Deafness to the opinion of adolescence can lead to irreparable consequences, which will affect the entire future life of both the child himself and his family.