Epilepsy in a child: features of the course and treatment of the disease
Epilepsy in a child, as in an adult, is a fairly complex disease, which, unfortunately, has not been adequately studied by specialists. The main cause of the appearance of pathology is brain damage. And the trauma can happen both during the birth of the baby, and later. To promote the development of epilepsy can also be a problem during the fetal gestation, for example, when the child's brain suffers from a lack of oxygen or has been damaged as a result of any illness of the mother.
This pathology has a certain symptomatology. As a rule, it manifests itself in the form of seizures accompanied by convulsions, a violation of mental or mental functions, paroxysmal seizures. The intensity and duration of such manifestations is different and depends on the severity of the disease, the adequacy of its treatment, provoking factors. Epilepsy in a child can be very rare or seizures occur monthly, and several times.
It should be noted that the attack is usually provoked by an irritant, for example, by a bright blinking light, taking medications, or by an extraordinary nervous system. Often a factor contributing to the development of the disease in childhood is fright. Typically, a seizure happens during the onset of cerebral activity - before awakening or soon after falling asleep, especially if the day was heavy.
Epileptic seizures in children have the following peculiarity: before their onset, the baby can feel a shortening of the heartbeat, fever, or some short-term mental disorder. It should be noted that the seizure may be large and small. In the first case, a person simply falls to the floor, his cramps start, which are accompanied by a blueing and distortion of the facial features. At this time, the child can involuntarily describe or commit an act of defecation. After the end of the attack, he can fall asleep. As a rule, the kid does not remember what happened to him during the seizure.
Epilepsy in a child is diagnosed only in a medical institution. It is not possible to diagnose independently. For this, special equipment is needed: the study of brain activity with the help of EEG, ECHO-EG. In addition, it is necessary to undergo an MRI to accurately assess the structure of the organs, to reveal whether there are pathologies, tumors, traumatic changes in the brain and so on. It should be noted that the pediatric form of this disease may eventually recede, do not interfere with fully live and develop. However, such children still remain under the supervision of specialists.
Epilepsy in a child should be observed from the first attack. Therapy in this case is mandatory. For this, the child must take certain anticonvulsants, the dosage and type of which is prescribed only by the doctor. Self-medication is prohibited, since this disease is not a common cold. Taking medication can not be interrupted, otherwise the frequency of seizures may increase. As for folk methods for eliminating symptoms, they can be used as an additional therapy, and even then only with the permission of a doctor.
Children suffering from epilepsy should not be isolated from society. They can attend a regular school and lead a normal life. In no case should you not allow the child to feel defective! Therefore, control over the condition and behavior of the patient should be gentle and unobtrusive. What should be protected from the child? First, do not leave it alone near the water (in summer at sea or at home in the bathroom). And secondly, avoid overwork, stress and those irritants that can cause an attack. It is important to constantly take prescribed medications. Naturally, it does not hurt to increase the immunity of the baby, so that it is less exposed to other diseases. Try to limit the physical activity of the child, for this, forget about the sports sections. As for nutrition, it should be full.