Rottweiler training: features, rules and recommendations
The Rottweiler breed is one of the oldest in the world. The ancestors of these clever, hardy dogs were the fighting dogs of Roman legionaries. For all of its existence as an independent breed, the Rottweilers have simply replaced a huge number of "professions". For a long time these dogs were used as shepherds. Later German policemen caught criminals with their help. Traders often took Rottweilers with them on long voyages.
This popularity of the breed is explained primarily by its intelligence, endurance and enormous physical strength. It will not be difficult to train a rottweiler even for a beginner.
What you should know about
Congenital characteristics of the character - this, of course, is what takes into account the training. Rottweiler belongs to a not too numerous group of dogs with a very balanced character. The processes of excitation and inhibition in these dogs are exactly the same. The only thing, the transition from one emotional state to another is somewhat slow. This is different from the same popular German shepherds. However, such a small drawback is easily counterbalanced by the strength of the developed skills and the failure-free operation of the teams.
Rottweilers - dogs are very smart and sensitive. Loneliness, they suffer badly, and therefore from time to time require attention from the owner. In the family, the Rottweiler always chooses one master. Usually this is the most confident person. The fact is that the Rottweilers, despite all their sensitivity, are very much developed leadership qualities. And a weak person such a dog will simply not obey.
When to start?
Of course, many owners of such dogs are interested in the question of the age at which their training can be started. Rottweiler is now most often used as a guard-guard dog. Therefore, the training of representatives of this breed can include three main stages:
protective guard duty (ZKS).
That is, the same skills that are usually taught to German shepherds, can get a rottweiler. Education and training puppy with learning the simplest commands, of course, should begin with the very appearance of the dog in the house. Special complex courses of animals take place from a certain age, usually under the guidance of an experienced specialist. So, for RTC Rottweilers are most often taken from an 8-month-old age. Courses can only be held by one-year-old dogs.
Basics: the first teams
Where should the training begin? The Rottweiler is a clever dog, and starting to learn the simplest commands with it is immediately after its acquisition. A small dog can also be grafted with certain skills. From one and a half months with a rottweiler they usually start teaching such commands as:
Of course, when teaching, do not shout too loudly at the puppy and especially beat him. This can make a very nervous dog even such a balanced and calm breed as a Rottweiler.
Training puppy will be much more successful in the event that the owner chooses to use in the process of education, not only punishment, but also praise. Encourage doggies can be with the help of some goodies. Punishment should be used only in the most extreme case. If the puppy flatly does not want to obey, you just need to take it by the withers, raise it and put it back on its feet.
The command "To me"
The first rule, which must necessarily remember the dog, is the constancy of literally everything. There is an acquired puppy of the Rottweiler breed, the training of which is not too difficult, but requiring patience, you must immediately be taught at a certain time and place. The bowl of the animal must have its own.
Before pouring food into it, the owner should knock it lightly on the floor. Such actions should be repeated periodically. After a while, the Rottweiler puppy will understand what this sound means, and will run to the kitchen to a filled bowl. In the following, you just need to add a knock to the command "To me". This technology will help to develop a puppy's persistent skill.
The Place command
Rottweiler training at home at the outset presupposes, of course, the observance of constancy not only in feeding. A dog must have his own place in the house.
In no case should you allow a small rottweiler to sleep in an armchair or on a sofa. It will be extremely difficult to eliminate such a habit in an adult dog. Puppy must always buy your own rug and bed it in a secluded place. Every time a dog tries to climb into an armchair or in bed to the owners, it must be persistently carried to the mat, saying "Place".
Training dogs: Rottweiler. Team "Fu"
Also at a young age, you can learn with a puppy the command "You can not." With every attempt of a puppy to bite the arms or legs of one of the family members during the game, it should be gently repelled. In this case, you should say "Fu" or "You can not".
General course OKD
Dog owners growing up should be given to a kennel club. Of course, a higher quality training will be carried out by a specialist. Rottweiler, however, is a clever breed, and some, even complex, teams can try to learn with it on their own. Very often, the owners themselves train their pets, for example, carry out orders "Stand", "Sit", "Lie", "Nearby" and "Aport". To start studying in this case is better only after the dog turns 6-8 months old.
Also at this stage, Rottweilers are trained to abandon feed and slow down the movement when overcoming obstacles. On professional courses the dog, among other things, can give swimming lessons.
This team is the first skill that is usually taught to matured Rottweiler puppies. Training and education in this case should be conducted systematically, without interruptions. After pronouncing the command "Near", the dog should go to the left of the owner so that his shoulder is at the person's foot.
To develop a dog such a skill, first use a short leash. A dog is put at the foot. Next, give the command "Nearby" and accompany it with a slight jerk towards you. When trying to move away, the dog is pulled back. At the same time, they repeat the command with a strict voice. When running ahead of the rottweiler, you can slightly slap the lead on the front legs, sedimenting it back.
When working out this command, a rottweiler, whose training requires perseverance, should be to the left of the owner. The dog takes the collar by hand and simultaneously presses it onto the sacrum. At the same time, the command "Sit" is pronounced. You can also just hold the dog by the leash, raise some kind of delicacy over his head and start it back.
To work out this command, the dog is pulled by the leverage with the left hand, and the right is carefully pulled forward by its front paws. After the dog learns how to easily lie down under the influence of the hand, you can begin to develop the skill from a distance. To do this, laying down the dog, you need to take off her hand and, without taking her eyes off, slowly back away. The command should be pronounced simultaneously with a gesture from the top down.
"Stand" and "Aport"
In order to learn this command, the dog should be seated at the left foot. Then the rottweiler should be pulled up: the right hand - for the collar, the left - for the stomach. At the same time, the word "stand" is pronounced.
Team "Aport" work out this way:
sit the dog at the left foot;
throw the object with your right hand;
give the command "Aport";
make a gesture with your hand toward the subject.
As soon as the dog takes up the thing, you need to call her to yourself and say: "Give."
How to teach Rottweiler to refuse food
This skill will protect the guard dog from poisoning when attempting to infiltrate intruders into the courtyard of the house. Also Rottweilers, trained in this way, never lift food waste from the ground.
Refuse to feed dogs are taught in two stages. First they develop the habit of not raising anything from the ground, and then - not to take food from the hands of strangers.
Begin training with the fact that they put a bowl in front of the dog. When you try to start there is a command saying "You can not" or "Fu", holding the Rottweiler by the collar. In 10-15 seconds. the dog is let go. At the same time, they say the command "Eat". The time for keeping the dog by the collar is gradually increased to 1 minute.
Do not take food from outsiders Rottweiler is taught with an assistant. Teaching this skill can only be an experienced specialist. Assistant trainer must hide somewhere in the bushes and on signal to go out, holding a piece of meat in his right hand, and in the left behind a rod. Further, after naming the dog's nickname, this person must offer her meat. When you try to take the dog food, it does not apply too strong a blow rod. Next, the helper again goes into hiding.
A few minutes later, repeat the lesson. But this time, when trying to take food at the same time as a rod striker's assistant, the trainer must jerk the dog backwards and say "You can not." As soon as the meat vendor again hides in his shelter, you should say "Fas". Exercise should be repeated daily, changing the assistant.
Some of the skills described above can be planted on the Rottweiler itself. If the owners have a desire to teach the dog and other complex skills, they should contact the kennel club. Rottweiler training professionally, at the courses of ZKS, involves the development of not only the skill not to take food from strangers, but also such, for example, skills, like finding things by smell, protecting the host from attacks, detaining a fleeing person, etc.
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