The child brings joy to the house. However, there are many issues which parents have to solve. For example, whether to send their children to DOE (transcript abbreviations will be introduced later)? What do the children in such institutions? Will try to illuminate these questions.
So, what is DOE? The decryption of this abbreviation is: pre-school educational institution. From this it follows that it implements educational programmes with a different focus. And, of course, attend such organizations (which is also evident from the transcripts) preschoolers, i.e. children under the age of 7 years. As for when the kids come to this institution, here speech can go and about one and a half years, and about three. It depends on the type of DOU and the wishes of the parents (someone thought it was acceptable to give one-year-old girl in kindergarten, and someone has no choice, because you need to go to work).
There is no such person who has not heard about the DOE. Decoding it is rarely used, mostly we call such institutions are kindergartens. However, not everyone knows that these institutions are divided into 5 types. Accordingly, each case will be slightly different and activities of the DOE.
Kindergarten General developing type
This traditional DHOW to which we are accustomed. Usually such institution in every district of the city, and not one. As a priority in the DOE of this type can be selected one or more areas of child development: intellectual, physical, aesthetic, etc. in the preparation of educational and training programs teachers certainly are guided by the state standards. If the institution has the opportunity, it can be arranged extra classes such as music, choreography, foreign languages, etc.
Group in kindergarten are formed according to age criteria:
- toddlers 1.5-2 years attend the nursery
- 2-3-year-old kids – first Junior
- boys 3-4 years – the second youngest
- with 4 to 5 years the child goes in the middle group
- from 5 to 6 – in high
- children 6 years of age (and sometimes 7) are engaged in the preparatory group.
Of course, children can not only learn something. The duration of the educational process varies depending on the age of the pupils. Also in the children's gardens includes games, reading books, sports, drawing, modeling, and more.
Kindergarten compensating type
In such DOE primarily provide qualified help to children with various physical and mental disabilities. Educational programs and methods of treatment, correction and education are created on the basis of information about which specific deviations available to students. Such institutions can visit the children blind, hard of hearing and visually impaired, kids with severe speech disorders, etc. can be effected only with the consent of the parents, also after the conclusion of the special Commission of medico-pedagogical and psychological-pedagogical.
The activities of such institutions are quite specific imposes certain requirements on their equipment. So, DOE this type are usually equipped with speech therapy and massage rooms, pools, special fixtures in groups, etc.
Kindergarten rehabilitation and care
These DOE usually take kids under three years. Here are Wellness and educational activities. Pays great attention to the prevention of various diseases in children and sanitation.
The activity of this institution is clear from the title. These DOE can combine groups of different kinds (health, compensatory and General education).
Priority for such DOE is the individual approach to each pupil. Great attention is paid to the development of intellectual and artistic and aesthetic abilities of children. For the entire process of education and training at the appropriate level here are equipped with computer labs, swimming pools, playgrounds and gyms. It is also possible to organize various circles, sections, children's theaters and art studios.
So now we know what DOE. Decoding of this abbreviation is seen by many as a synonym for "kindergarten", and in the usual sense for the average Russian. However, as we have seen, there are several types of such institutions. Well, parents of babies is something to think about.