Diet with acetone in a child: a menu, what can and can not be
Each mother is seriously upset when her baby suddenly starts vomiting, which gives off an unpleasant smell. After examining the doctor it turns out that the child has increased acetone. On serious consequences of this pathology is not worth talking, especially if you immediately resort to treatment. Important in the fight against this problem is compliance with the diet. With her help you can not only improve the condition of a small non-attendance, but also lower the level of ketone bodies. The most effective weapon in the fight against ketoacidosis is the use of products containing glucose. However, we will talk more about what diet for acetone the child should observe.
Increased acetone, or ketoacidosis - is a pathology that appears in a child with an increase in the level of ketone bodies in the blood plasma.
"Culprits" of their occurrence are almost all the fats in the body and some types of proteins. It should be noted that ketone bodies are formed in the liver when processing food, improper functioning of fat metabolism, as well as the assimilation of carbohydrates.
If the baby is healthy, then there is very little acetone in the body. If a pathology arises, its synthesis increases and outstrips the rate of destruction of this substance in peripheral tissues.
The causes of increased acetone
Everyone knows the fact that for games the child requires a huge amount of energy. As a rule, at a large cost of it, glucose should be the basis of nutrition, which enters the body in the form of carbohydrates. If this substance is not enough, then it is produced from fat. And with the consumption of the latter, protein is depleted. As soon as the processing of fat, the formation of side-matter - ketone bodies.
So, what is the cause of increased acetone? There are several main factors to be mentioned:
- presence of infection;
- failure in metabolism;
- stress, overwork;
- long journey;
- malnutrition, where the menu abounds in fats.
As already mentioned, the body begins to extract glucose from fats, which leads to the appearance of acetone bodies. At this stage, there is a poisoning effect on the body. This is because nerve cells do not have time to fight with ketone bodies. The child begins vomiting, and from stool, urine, vomit and the body comes the smell of acetone.
As a rule, the pathology occurs in children up to 12 years. During this period, the body has not yet recovered, and some vital organs do not function fully.
Acetone in children. Treatment, diet
If a child has vomiting, his condition worsens, see a doctor immediately. And only after the doctor's recommendations, start treatment and follow a strict diet.
To reduce the amount of ketone bodies in the body, you should start with proper fluid intake. After all, this is the main component, which provides a diet for increased acetone in children. So, in this situation it is best to give the baby a compote of dried fruits. They are able to increase the level of glucose in the body. The drink should be warm and sweet enough.
It is not superfluous to give the child fructose. Dr. Eugene Olegovich Komarovsky argues that its metabolism is faster than sucrose. When fructose is split, the glucose level increases evenly, without a sharp rise and fall.
It should be noted that a sufficient number of it is contained in the suit. Pour a handful of this product with one glass of boiling water, insist under the closed lid for 15 minutes, filter through gauze and safely give the child.
At the same time it is recommended to use glucose in ampoules. This method is especially useful when the child begins to complain of dizziness and abdominal pain after active games. To prevent vomiting, give your baby a concentrated 40 percent glucose.
Diet with acetone in urine in children requires the use of alkaline drink. Suitable, for example, "Regidron", as well as mineral water without gas.
It should pay attention to the fact that any fluid should be warm (preferably equal to the temperature of the child's body), so as to accelerate its absorption into the blood. Do not water your baby with plenty of water, it is better to do it often and in small portions.
Along with this, the intake of vitamin PP is also considered useful. It is sold in solutions and tablets.
If there is an increased acetone in the child, the diet should be observed from the first day. So, at the very beginning of the disease, do not feed the baby, you can only drink it. The scheme is as follows: mineral water without gas per tablespoon every 5 minutes. If the child wants, give him a compote of dried fruits, a raisin broth. Do not forget about the glucose in the ampoules. If the baby has expressed a desire to eat, offer rusks from bread of his own cooking.
On the second day you can offer rice broth and baked apple. On the third - to give the baby a porridge on the water. Optimal options are buckwheat, rice, oatmeal. You can add skimmed yogurt to the ration.
The next day, cook a vegetable soup for the child. Supplement the menu with biscuits, breadcrumbs.
If the diet with acetone in the child gives positive results and it already feels better, you can add other dishes. Remember: do not overfeed your baby or offer him fatty meals. Everything should be in moderation.
What to exclude?
Diet after acetone in children (and during the disease) involves the rejection of the following products:
- meat, fish, mushroom broth.
- smoked products;
- products with food additives and dyes;
- mayonnaise, ketchup, sauces;
- fat cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, yoghurt;
- coffee drinks;
- fresh bread, buns;
- juice shop, carbonated water, strong tea;
- spicy dishes;
- pickled products;
- spices, condiments.
What should be included in the diet?
The diet for acetone in a child should be based on the use of the following foods:
- meat of turkey, rabbit, chicken, veal;
- low-fat cottage cheese, yoghurt, kefir;
- quail eggs and chicken eggs;
- kissels, compotes, fruit drinks;
- ripe non-acid berries;
- vegetable and milk soups;
- buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, wheat cereals;
- fresh, steamed and baked vegetables;
- fruit (not citrus fruits);
- biscuit biscuits, bread crumbs, bread.
Dr. Komarovsky recommends during the treatment not exclude the sweet. It should be remembered that cakes, cakes, chocolate and cocoa should not be given to a child. It is preferable to feed it with pastille, dried fruits, honey, jam, caramel and marmalade.
When should I worry?
Let's find out in which cases the treatment is urgently needed, as well as a diet for acetone in children.
The table reflects the indicators identified with a litmus test strip.
Heavy stage. You should see a doctor. A strict diet is needed.
Lemon with honey will help fight with increased acetone
As has long been known, these two products can not only increase the weakened immunity, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, withstand toxins, but also help fight acetone. Honey and lemon contain a huge amount of vitamins, microelements, and most importantly - glucose and fructose. These products are well and quickly absorbed by the body, which gives him the opportunity to quickly recover.
If the baby is not prone to allergic reactions, then prepare him a delicious drink. Take a liter of boiled warm water, 40 grams of natural honey and juice, squeezed out of half a lemon. Stir well and let the child drink in small portions. The whole baby should overpower during the day. In the morning, prepare a fresh one.
Diet with acetone in children. Recipes
For this dish, take 1 carrot, 1 small onion, 3 potatoes, 3 tbsp. l. rice, a pair of cauliflower inflorescences. All vegetables are cleaned and cut. Rinse thoroughly under running water. In boiling water, throw onions, carrots and rice, then potatoes, and a few minutes later and cauliflower. A little salt, mix. Cook until done.
Stew with turkey
Take 1 onion, 1 carrot, a couple of broccoli inflorescences, turkey fillets. Cut the last ingredient into slices and toss into the kazanok, add a little water, cover, reduce the gas, pour a little and leave to stew for 20 minutes, without forgetting to stir it. Onion, carrot chop, divide broccoli into small inflorescences. Put the vegetables in a kettle, mix. Cook until the ingredients are soft. If the child is small, the stew can be chopped in a blender.
Apples with honey and nuts
Take a few sweet apples and cut the middle. Nuts chop as small as possible. Add them to the middle of the apples, enter a little honey. Put in the oven for 10-15 minutes.
Oatmeal porridge with apples and pears
Put on a plate a saucepan with a little water (200 ml), add a few spoons of oatmeal. Wait for the boil, reduce the heat and leave to cook. Cut the apples and pears into small slices. Add to porridge, mix. If desired, pour in the milk, bring to a boil. In the finished porridge add a spoonful of honey (or sugar).
Remember: elevated acetone is not as scary as it is described. The main thing is to keep everything under control. Diet with acetone in a child must be observed without fail, to exclude the progression of pathology and to protect the baby in the future.
Take care of your children!