Day of Air Fleet of Russia: how long ago it all began
Day of Air Fleet of Russia... Saying the name of this glorious holiday, it if anyone thinks about what time it is celebrated. And some the question arises: "What this memorial is different from another, also known as the Day of the air Fleet?" In fact, the names are similar, the calendar of remarkable days located practically next door. So, maybe this is one holiday that people call different? Let's deal. The first has very deep roots, though few associates solemn day with the name of Nicholas II. And after all, he was the man thanks to which in Russia VF has become a real force. However, parks balloons and dirigibles existed before.
It all began so long ago.
The Commission on Aeronautics originated in Russia in 1869. Her duty was charged to determine how effective the balloons, are they able to provide assistance during the war. A year later, through the efforts of the Commission to the sky of our country was raised by the first balloon, and after 16 years appeared first in the country Park of Aeronautics, which became a separate, independent structure. Of course, the pilots, or the pilots of that time can not compete with the modern aces. They even could not imagine what will be their grandchildren. But then it was bold, decisive, intelligent, well-educated specialists. The best of many. To fly up in the sky, the airmen studied the basics of physics, I discovered in my own experience the laws of Aeronautics. But the main thing is they are constantly improving their machines, which rose into the sky. The advantages of our aircraft, all deeds and records begins with them — the first aeronauts in our country. They also envied the boys. And the air Park can be considered the ancestor of today's aircraft, although the official Day of Air Fleet of Russia began to celebrate later.
Balloons, airships and pigeons
Interestingly, the first Park, bringing together airmen who obeyed the Commission, which was responsible for the work of the aeronauts, guard towers and... pigeon. Since then, the pilots participated in the wars, adjusting the fire, making reconnaissance. Military Ministers have even created a special "air" commands in the Pskov, Novgorod and several other cities. The whole of Russia then had 65 balloons. In 1908 the Park was replenished with airships. However, the Day of Air Fleet of Russia is still not mentioned: military officials distrusted innovations, and airships were afraid. That did not stop in 1910 to open a flying school in Russia. It seemed that the fleet is already there (by this time the country had as many as 7 aircraft!), you can celebrate Day of Air Fleet of Russia. But even the appearance of the first squadrons (1911) the situation has not changed: the pilots are still submitted to the Engineering management. Only in 1912, Nicholas II changed the situation. He created a special piece that has specialized exclusively in the Aeronautics and subordinate to the General staff. In August 1912 was first celebrated Day of Air Fleet of Russia. Of course, no celebration, no congratulations were not, but the event has taken place. Since then, not only pilots, but also all those who worked on the flying devices have become especially respected people.
And Stalin and the Supreme Soviet, and Putin
The role of aviation is hard to overestimate. Did Stalin. He decided to celebrate the Day of VF, Soviet Union, on August 18, 1933. Holiday in the country fell in love with. Time passed, but when the Soviet Union collapsed and a new Russia was born, the Supreme Council, keeping the tradition, I decided to leave aviation Day in the festive calendar. The latest version of the Decree took place in 2006. He canceled one of the points of the previous document "On establishing the Day of the BBC". The occasion was regarded as a memorable day in the armed forces. It is intended to maintain the prestige of military aviation. Since that time, the Day of the Navy celebrated on 12 August. Congratulations to the airmen at the place of service in families. However, all public festive events dedicated to the air force, are held on the third Sunday of August. Day of Air Fleet of Russia in 2013 was observed on August 18 and this year it falls on August 17. Wait!