The day of military intelligence
Almost every profession in our country in compliance with the professional holiday. There he and the military intelligence officers. The fifth of November the holiday is celebrated because on this day it was founded, the office, coordinating all army intelligence. The first Day of military intelligence was awarded in 1918, when Leon Trotsky signed the corresponding decree. Created by Trotsky Registration office subsequently became the basis of a well known Russian GRU.
It does not, however, think that up to this day in Russia did not have military intelligence service. This dangerous profession exists in Russia for several centuries. First the scouts worked for the good of the Motherland even in Kievan Rus. Then the information about the enemy gathered not only military guards and messengers but also the ambassadors with merchants, and ordinary residents of the border settlements. First Day of military intelligence appeared during the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich (on his orders in 1654, the year was established a Secret Order). The work of the king continued the Emperor. In 17156-om Peter the great changed military regulations, legalizing already existing Intelligence Agency.
The next Emperor, decided to improve intelligence, was Alexander I Initiated the creation of the Expedition secret Affairs Barclay de Tolly, and the Day of military intelligence of Russia fell on the first of January 1810. Two years have passed, and the Expedition became known as a Special Office. Attitude that office to the war Ministry. In addition to counter-intelligence, Special the office was in charge of tactical and strategic intelligence.
Especially notable is the role intelligence played in the great Patriotic War. For the first six months of the war in the German rear was sent to ten thousand people. Guerrilla groups also have created a military intelligence Agency. Military experience was not wasted. For four years, has been improved its organization and increased the performance of, any internal rules and traditions. Perhaps, it was the Day of the military intelligence began to celebrate officially.
This experience was applied during subsequent military conflicts. The organization of military administration has shown its effectiveness during the middle East conflicts, as well as operations in Chechnya, Yugoslavia, and other "hot spots." Star of the Hero during this time was awarded 692 scout.
Modern exploration is an institution that is receiving and processing data about the enemy (potential or current). On 5 November, the day of military scout notes several divisions in the Intelligence Department. Under the "roof" of one of combined counterintelligence, tactical and strategic intelligence. Tactical intelligence provides information that you need any one military unit, helping his commander to make the right decision. Strategic intelligence "specializiruetsya" on the capabilities, plans, and vulnerabilities of other States. Data obtained from this exploration are used to set the country's foreign policy. Counterintelligence designed to combat foreign intelligence "offices". The people celebrating the Day of military intelligence, considered to be the "eyes and ears" of the Russian army.