The day of the Russian language: history and features of the holiday
The relevance of study, preservation of tradition and the inerrancy of the Russian language in our country is supported for many decades. Russian language day for the first time began to mark in the 60-ies. By the eighties it has become an annual event, but the dates are usually timed to the jubilee celebrations of writers, and the status of the state holiday.
National love to the Russian word
Interest in the history of the native words have awakened EN masse even during combat universal illiteracy. Together with the development of writing students are taught to hear the richness of the vocabulary of the Russian language and melodiousness phraseology. People absorbed knowledge, learned to read and write, first by listening and then independently reading literary works of Russian classics. In Soviet times, the love for the native language in our country was overwhelming, and people didn't care what day of the Russian language is considered a holiday. To write illiterate not to be able to quote Pushkin did not learn syllable bitter – it was just a shame.
Even in the war years of a teacher of literature arranged theme parties, dedicated to the word of Russian writers and poets. The people, exhausted by war and hunger, trembling, listened to the voices of the readers, forgetting at the time about the horrors of reality. The impact of the Russian word in the persistence and courage of the soldiers was great. And in the Hiking knapsacks of many soldiers kept read volumes of Russian classics.
The beginning of the annual celebrations of Russian literature
The status of the state holiday the Day of Russian language has become in the twenty-first century. But the first attempts to legitimize and give a special importance of this event was undertaken in 1996 on the territory of Crimea. The question was not only about the magnitude of the celebration, but it was in the days of a month, the Day of Russian language will be particularly noticeable to the public. This year the Crimean Russian community made a proposal to establish such a holiday as the Day of protection of the Russian language. To attract everyone's attention, we decided to celebrate it in the month of June, devoted to day of memory of Alexander Pushkin.
Russian language day: the history of the celebration
In 1997 at the initiative of defenders of the native literary language for the 200th anniversary of A. Pushkin day June 6 was first announced the Day of Russian poetry, and this time the holiday is celebrated annually. Lush events dedicated to this date was held not only in our country but in many other States, attracting to the ranks of lovers of Russian poetry a new, younger listeners. The all-Russian status of the festival has allowed linguists to draw public attention to problems of preservation of the purity of the Russian language.
Ten years of discussions about the need to develop interest in the language of the youth is needed for making meaningful public decisions. In 2007, in the pages of "the parliamentary newspaper" published an article entitled "let there be Day!". Its author, I. Klimenko, can be called a Herald of the idea of a personalized mother language day. I must say that the appeal was not heeded immediately. First, the slogan "Russian language in every home" was the reason for opening a new annual festival of literature – "the Great Russian word". In the second year, the festival has gained international status.
Russian language abroad
In 2010, the establishment of days of languages of international importance, supported by the Assembly, specifying the dates of celebrations of French, Chinese, English, Russian, Spanish, and Arabic. A year later, the President of the Russian Federation was officially declared the Day of Russian language. A month of celebrations no one in doubt – June.
From this time on 6 June the date of the canonization of Russian poetry in the world is usually celebrated as the Day of Russian language. It is held in the framework of international programmes aimed at expanding the boundaries of space and multilingual support of the equal importance of the six languages recognized as official in the United Nations.
Promotion of Russian words in modern society
Nowadays the international community recognizes Russian language one of the most popular in the world. Distribution is the fourth place after English, Chinese and Spanish. The interest in our language is constantly growing, primarily defined by the Russian cultural heritage. This factor always determines the degree of understanding of people of different Nations.
Today was not surprised by the desire of foreigners to read our classics in the original. The economic and business sphere of cooperation with Russia are a strong motive for foreigners studying Russian language. In this regard, in recent years in many countries has sharply increased the number of educational programs, including Russian literature. According to statistics, today, outside Russia, the language of Tolstoy and Pushkin studies almost 200 million people, and the birthday of the Russian language celebrated in many corners of our planet.
A celebration of Russian literature – a very special event in our country
After a few years birthday of the Russian language in our country was a Grand event, and the scale of celebrations is increasing. The language of Alexander Pushkin, recognized as the "Golden measure" of classic Russian literature, serves as the leitmotif of the entire holiday. As before, Pushkin Mountains attracts thousands of people to once again enjoy the sounds of music and poetry. It is difficult to accommodate all the planned activities in frame of one day, so performances are held here throughout the month. Programs and performance dates are planned well in advance, and concert venues are filled with both famous and young poets, musicians and actors.
The name of the Russian poet, the genius of Alexander Pushkin, not only unites lovers of literature, but continuously expands the use of Russian words. His "poetry of reality" and stories, in spite of the difficulty of translating, collecting readers all over the world, of all ages and nationalities.
This annual event, as the Russian language Day, today was evidence of consolidation of Russian-speaking people all over the world, the connection between generations and strengthen the civic position among young people.